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Effect of glass-fiber reinforcement and water storage on fracture toughness (K-JC) of polymer-based provisional crown and FPD materials
- Effect of glass-fiber reinforcement and water storage on fracture toughness (K-JC) of polymer-based provisional crown and FPD materials
- Kim, SH; Watts, DC
- Ewha Authors
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PROSTHODONTICS
- vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 318 - 322
- QUINTESSENCE PUBL CO INC
- SCIE; SCOPUS
- Purpose: The effect of glass-fiber reinforcement and water storage on the fracture toughness (K-IC) of polymer-based provisional crown and fixed partial denture (FPD) materials was investigated. Materials and Methods: Five unreinforced single-edged, notched control specimens and five test specimens reinforced with unidirectional E-glass fibers (Stick) were fabricated from three dimethacrylate-based provisional materials and one monomethacrylate-based provisional material. The specimens were stored in water at 37degreesC for 1, 7, 30, or 60 days. Specimens were loaded in three-point bending at a cross-head speed of 0.1 mm/s. Mode I plane-strain K,, was calculated using the maximum load, and results of the two groups were compared. The water storage effect on K-IC with time was also evaluated. Results: The K-IC of provisional materials reinforced with glass fibers (range 7.5 to 13.8 MNm(-1.5)) was significantly higher than that of unreinforced materials (range 1.3 to 3.1 MNm(-1.5)), by a factor of 4.4 to 5.5. A small, gradual decrease of K-IC in reinforced specimens occurred with aqueous storage, but it was not statistically significant. Conclusion: The K-IC of polymer-based provisional crown and FPD materials was significantly increased when they were reinforced with unidirectional E-glass fibers. Water storage for up to 2 months still left the reinforced materials with K-IC values in excess of 7 MNm-1.5. Hence, their performance was satisfactory.
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