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Cancer of Unknown Primary Finally Revealed to Be a Metastatic Prostate Cancer: A Case Report
- Cancer of Unknown Primary Finally Revealed to Be a Metastatic Prostate Cancer: A Case Report
- Cho, Jung Yeon; Shim, Eun Jin; Kim, In Seon; Nam, Eun Mi; Choi, Moon Young; Lee, Kyung Eun; Mun, Yeung Chul; Seoung, Chu Myoung; Lee, Soon Nam; Song, Dong Eun; Han, Woon Sup
- Ewha Authors
- 이순남; 성주명; 이경은; 송동은
- SCOPUS Author ID
- 이순남; 성주명; 이경은
- Issue Date
- Journal Title
- CANCER RESEARCH AND TREATMENT
- vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 45 - 49
- P504S; Metastatic prostate cancer; Cancer of unknown primary
- KOREAN CANCER ASSOCIATION
- SCIE; SCOPUS; KCI
- The vast majority of patients with metastatic prostate cancer present with bone metastases and high prostate specific antigen (PSA) level. Rarely, prostate cancer can develop in patients with normal PSA level. Here, we report a patient who presented with a periureteral tumor of unknown primary site that was confirmed as prostate adenocarcinoma after three years with using specific immunohistochemical examination. A 64-year old man was admitted to our hospital with left flank pain associated with masses on the left pelvic cavity with left hydronephrosis. All tumor markers including CEA, CA19-9, and PSA were within the normal range. After an exploratory mass excision and left nephrectomy, the pelvic mass was diagnosed as poorly differentiated carcinoma without specific positive immunohistochemical markers. At that time, we treated him as having a cancer of unknown primary site. After approximately three years later, he revisited the hospital with a complaint of right shoulder pain. A right scapular mass was newly detected with a high serum PSA level (101.7 ng/ml). Tissues from the scapular mass and prostate revealed prostate cancer with positive immunoreactivity for P504S, a new prostate cancer-specific gene. The histological findings were the same as the previous pelvic mass; however, positive staining for PSA was observed only in the prostate mass. This case demonstrates a patient with prostate cancer and negative serological test and tissue staining that turned out to be positive during progression. We suggest the usefulness of newly developed immunohistochemical markers such as P504S to determine the specific primary site of metastatic poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma in men.
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