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자기조절자원의 고갈과 긍정정서, 섭식행동 간의 관계

자기조절자원의 고갈과 긍정정서, 섭식행동 간의 관계
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The relations among the depletion of self-regulatory resources, positive affect and eating behavior : focused on female undergraduates with restrained eating behavior
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대학원 심리학과
이화여자대학교 대학원
본 연구는 자기조절자원의 고갈에도 불구하고 섭식행동을 효과적으로 조절할 수 있는 방법을 찾기 위해 기존 연구를 통해 고갈된 자기조절자원을 회복하는 것으로 알려진 긍정정서가 섭식행동의 자기조절에도 동일한 효과를 가질 것인지 검증하고자 하였다. 이를 위하여 섭식억제척도를 사용하여 섭식억제를 하는 것으로 간주된 이화여자대학교 재학생 100명을 대상으로 실험을 실시하였다. 실험당시 배고픔 정도를 통제하고 자기조절자원 고갈 유무와 유발된 긍정정서의 유무에 따라 구분된 집단 간 쿠키 섭취량에 차이가 있는지 이원공분산분석을 통해 분석한 결과, 자기조절자원이 고갈되지 않은 경우는 긍정정서가 유발된 집단과 중립정서가 유발된 집단 간 섭식행동의 차이가 유의미하지 않았던 반면, 자원이 고갈된 경우에는 긍정정서가 고갈된 자원을 회복하여 긍정정서가 유발된 집단이 중립정서가 유발된 집단에 비하여 더 효과적으로 섭식행동을 조절할 수 있는 것으로 나타났다. 본 연구에서는 자기조절자원의 고갈에도 불구하고 효과적으로 섭식행동을 조절하기 위한 구체적인 적용 방안을 논의하였다.;The purpose of the study was to find the way to regulate eating behavior effectively despite of the depletion of self-regulatory resources. The study was designed to examine whether the positive affect, which is known to restore the depleted self regulatory resources by other studies, would have the same effect on eating behavior. To verify the hypothesis, an experiment was conducted targeting 100 Ewha Womans University students who were regarded to restrain their eating by using restrained eating scale. The study compared the difference of the cookie intake between groups classified by whether self regulation resources were depleted and by whether positive affect was induced through two-way ANCOVA, controling the effect of hunger of the time. It was revealed that while there was no significant difference in eating behavior between groups classified by whether positive affect was induced when self regulation resources were not depleted, the group in which positive affect was induced regulated eating behavior more effectively compared to the group in which neutral affect was induced when self regulatory resources were depleted, as positive affect restored the depleted resources. In this study, detailed application proposals about how to regulate eating behavior despite of the depletion of self regulatory resources were discussed.
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