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Johannes Brahms의 Violin Sonata No.1 in G Major, op.78에 관한 분석 연구

Title
Johannes Brahms의 Violin Sonata No.1 in G Major, op.78에 관한 분석 연구
Other Titles
A Study on Violin Sonata No.1 in G Major, Op. 78 By Johannes Brahms
Authors
박태연
Issue Date
2015
Department/Major
대학원 음악학부
Publisher
이화여자대학교 대학원
Degree
Master
Advisors
송재광
Abstract
본 논문은 요하네스 브람스(Johannes Brahms, 1833-1897)의 바이올린 소나타 1번(Violin Sonata No.1 in G Major, Op.78)에 관한 연구이다. 브람스는 ‘고전적 낭만주의’의 대표자로서 고전성과 낭만적 어법을 훌륭하게 조화시킨 위대한 작곡가로 평가받는 인물이다. 엄격함과 진중함, 부드럽고 우아한 서정성을 함께 포용하고 있는 브람스의 내적인 음악 성향은 특히 실내악에서 더욱 두드러지게 나타나는데, 그 중 그의 첫번째 바이올린 소나타는 손꼽히는 명곡 중 하나로 실내악의 정수를 담고 있다. 이 작품은 ‘비의 노래’라는 부제를 가진 것으로도 유명하며, 이는 이 곡의 3악장에 클라우스 그로트(Klaus Groth, 1819-1899)의 시를 주제로 만든 자신의 가곡 ‘비의 노래’와 ‘여운’의 선율을 인용하였기 때문이다. 총 3개의 악장으로 이루어져 있으며, 제 1 악장은 소나타 형식, 제 2 악장은 3부 형식, 제 3 악장은 론도 형식으로 전형적인 고전주의 소나타 구조를 취하고 있다. 전 악장을 관통하는 공통의 주제와 리듬적 요소를 활용하여 작곡함으로써 곡 전체에 통일성을 부여하였으며 이 과정에서 그의 뛰어난 대위법적 기법과 변주 기법, 그 안에 적절히 배치된 반음계와 이명동음을 통한 전조, 감7화음의 연속 사용, 당김음과 교차리듬의 사용 등의 낭만시대의 어법들을 찾아볼 수 있다. 본 논문에서는 브람스의 Violin Sonata No.1 in G Major, Op.78을 통해 그의 삶과 음악적 특성을 이해하고 작품을 연주함에 있어 도움이 되고자 한다.;This thesis is a study on Violin Sonata No. 1 In G Major, Op.78 of Johannes Brahms(1833-1897). He was one of the neo-classicism composers of the Romantic Era. He not only stuck to the tradition of his music, but also harmonized wonderfully inside the Romantic Style. Brahms's internal musical tendency, which involves strictness, prudence, and soft and elegant lyricism appeared remarkably in chamber music. His first violin sonata is one of the most outstanding masterpiece collections and shows the essence of chamber music. This piece is wellknown for its subtitle, 'The Song of Rain'. It sings of the warm landscape of Southland and of gentle sadness. 'The Song of Rain' consists of three movements. The first movement is the sonata form, the second can be determined ternary form, and the third is a rondo form. It adopts the stereotype of Classical sonata form. He provided unity by composing the whole movement with the same theme and by using rhythmical elements. He used his excellent contrapuntal techniques and variation techniques. In these musical forms based on the style in Classical period, he arranged the characteristic elements of the Romantic Era appropriately; chromatic scales, enharmonic modulation, the consecutive diminished seventh, syncopation and cross rhythm. What we can feel through his pieces is not rigid formality and rule, stubbornness, or simple seriousness, but his longing for nature, his gentleness from deep inside, his hearty sadness, and his serious concern about life. He was a very religious person who allowed inspiration to pass through him in a moment's flash. He pursued spiritual freedom which allowed him not to be bound to any kind of ideology. In that point of view, he was obviously not an old-fashioned traditionalist, but an artistic pioneer. He was a great contrapuntist who emphasized the importance of principles and formal rules. But, he also participated actively in the aesthetic thought that took the lead in the artistic current in those days. He had a resolute position as an apparent mainstream in that time. Brahms's music endlessly affected the composers of post generations. His grand achievement appears well in his first violin sonata.
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