View : 220 Download: 0

당뇨병 전단계에서 식이섭취 및 식습관, 생활습관이 당뇨병 이환에 미치는 영향

Title
당뇨병 전단계에서 식이섭취 및 식습관, 생활습관이 당뇨병 이환에 미치는 영향
Other Titles
Relationship between individuals’ dietary intake, dietary habits and life style and transition of pre-diabetes to diabetes mellitus
Authors
김미라
Issue Date
2014
Department/Major
임상보건과학대학원 임상영양학전공
Publisher
이화여자대학교 임상보건과학대학원
Degree
Master
Advisors
김양하
Abstract
본 연구는 식이섭취, 식습관, 생활습관이 당뇨병 전단계에서 당뇨병으로의 이환에 미치는 영향에 대하여 알아보기 위해 행해졌다. 서울소재의 K대학병원에서 2007년 3월부터 2012년 11월까지 20세 이상의 당뇨병 전단계군 281명 중 3년 추적이 된 110명을 대상으로 하여 혈액검사 및 신체계측을 하였다. 24시간 회상법을 이용하여 식이섭취량을 측정하였고, 문진표를 이용하여 식습관, 운동량, 음주섭취량 및 흡연량을 조사하였다. 당뇨병 전단계 유지군 88명(남자 24명, 여자 64명)과 당뇨병 이환군 22명(남자 11명, 여자 11명)을 대응표본 t-test로 식이섭취, 식습관, 생활습관을 비교하였다. 성별에 따른 당뇨병 이환율에는 유의적인 차이는 없었으나 나이가 증가할수록 당뇨병 이환율은 유의적으로 증가했다. 혈중 당화혈색소(HbA1c) 농도는 당뇨병 전단계 유지군에서는 차이가 없었으나 당뇨병 이환군에서는 유의적으로 증가하였다. 당뇨병 전단계 유지군에서는 당질과 지방섭취가 유의적으로 감소하였고 섬유소 섭취는 유의적으로 증가하였으나 당뇨병 이환군에서는 차이가 없었다. 당뇨병 전단계 유지군에서는 알코올 섭취량과 흡연량이 유의적으로 감소하였고 식습관 점수와 운동횟수가 유의적으로 증가하였으나 당뇨병 이환군에서는 차이가 없었다. 결론적으로 본 연구결과들은 당뇨병 전단계를 유지한 군에서는 당뇨병 이환군에 비하여 당질 및 지방 섭취감소, 섬유소 섭취 증가, 식습관 향상, 알코올 및 흡연량 감소가 당뇨병 이환을 낮추는데 효과적일 것임을 제시하고 있다.;This study was conducted to identify the relationship between individuals’ dietary intake, dietary habits and life style and transition of pre-diabetes to diabetes mellitus. 110 of pre-diabetic patients out of 281 aged over 20 had been traced from March of 2007 to November of 2012 by the 'K University Hospital’ located in the Seoul and underwent a blood test with a physical examination. To measure the amount of dietary intake, patients were asked to retrospect it 24h-recall and their dietary habits, level of physical exercise, alcohol consumption and tobacco smoking were researched by using a questionnaire. The dietary intake, dietary habits and life style of 88 people staying in pre-diabetes (Male: n24, Female: n64) and 22 people who had developed diabetes mellitus (Male: n11, Female: n11) were compared by using paired t-test. It was found that ageing contributed to increase of diabetes-related morbidity. However, there was no significant gender-related difference in morbidity. In addition to this, there was a significant increase of HbA1c level in diabetic patients whereas no difference was found among group of people in pre-diabetes. Intake of glucose and lipid was significantly decreased in pre-diabetes group while intake of fiber was increased. However, this change was not observed among people with diabetes. Furthermore, in the pre-diabetes group, the amount of alcohol consumption and tobacco smoking were significantly decreased while score of dietary habits and times of exercise were increased. Again, this change was not observed in the diabetes group. In conclusion, the outcome of this research suggested that changes in life style including reduce of glucose and lipid intake, increases of fiber intake, improve of dietary habit and reduce of alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking would play significant role in prevention of diabetes development among people with pre-diabetes.
Fulltext
Show the fulltext
Appears in Collections:
임상보건융합대학원 > 임상영양학전공 > Theses_Master
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Export
RIS (EndNote)
XLS (Excel)
XML


qrcode

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

BROWSE