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Edvard Grieg Violin Sonata No.3 in c minor Op.45에 관한 분석연구

Edvard Grieg Violin Sonata No.3 in c minor Op.45에 관한 분석연구
Other Titles
A Study on Edvard Grieg Violin sonata in c minor, No.3 Op.45
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대학원 음악학부
이화여자대학교 대학원
본 논문은 후기 낭만주의 시대 속에서 러시아를 중심으로 일어난 민족주의 음악 운동을 대표한 작곡가 에드바르드 그리그(Edvard Grieg, 1843-1907)의 작품 Violin Sonata in c minor No.3, Op.45에 관한 분석연구이다. 이 작품은 노르웨이 춤곡에서 영감을 받아 작곡되어 노르웨이의 민속적 리듬과 선율이 많이 도입되었고 자유로운 형식과 독창성을 엿볼 수 있어서 그리그의 인상주의적인 모습과 다채로움, 민족적 색채를 잘 보여주고 있다. 제시부, 재현부, 코다로 구성된 제 1악장과 제 3악장은 별도의 발전부를 두지 않고 있고, 3부 형식으로 구성된 제 2악장을 포함하여 총 3악장으로 구성되어있다. 본 논문은 E. Grieg의 역사적, 시대적 배경과 생애 및 음악적 특징에 대해 알아보고, 그 중 그리그의 대표 작품인 Violin Sonata in c minor, No.3, Op.45를 연구, 분석해 봄으로써 작품에 관한 이해를 돕고 더욱 깊이 있는 연주를 할 수 있도록 하는 것에 목적을 두고 있다.;This thesis is the analysis and research on the composer of romanticism and nationalism of the 19th century, Edvard Grieg (1843-1907)’s Violin Sonata No.3 Op.45. Grieg was born in a small village of Bergen ,Norway ,grew up in an environment (hisfamily )of close contact with music, provided with respectable education. He met composer Richard Nordraak (1842-1866) in 1864 and this contact opened his eyes to nationalism, making him conscious of his visions. Henceforth ,he made efforts to introduce Norwegian music to the world and inserted ethnic factors of Norway into his works. Violin Sonata No.3 Op.45 ,analyzed in this thesis, is the last part of his Violin Sonatas, and this is the part where the ethnic factors are used the most among the three works of music. This sonata is constructed as three movements, a free sonata form. The first movement is aquick one with c minor, comprised in the order of exposition-recapitulation-coda. The theme melody of the violin presents distinctive features of ethnicity and directivity. The second movement’s melody is lyrical, contrasted with the first movement. It is organized in the order of exposition-development-recapitulation. This movement is not lyrical all throughout from the beginning to the end but changes into rhythmical atmosphere from the middle part, which is the development, and recovers its lyrical melody in the recapitulation. The third movement is an interesting part with the mutual imitative form between violin and piano. It is formed in the order of exposition(A-B)-recapitulation(A’-B’)-coda. The pedal point effect of the piano and pizzicato, the expansion of register caused by overtone and undertone on the chromatic scale of the violin and the piano, and the various ethnic melodies and rhythms of Norwegian tradition make the music colorful and entertaining. The analysis of Grieg’s Violin Sonata No. 3 Op. 45 provides information on how ethnical rhythms and melodies were used in the score and allows a view into the composing techniques and the ethnic spirit of Grieg with his own characteristics.
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