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김경자의 『15인을 위한 동물사회에 비치는 한 줄기 작은 빛(Une Petite Lumière sur La Société des Animaux pour 15 musiciens)』 (2010~2011)에 대한 분석연구

김경자의 『15인을 위한 동물사회에 비치는 한 줄기 작은 빛(Une Petite Lumière sur La Société des Animaux pour 15 musiciens)』 (2010~2011)에 대한 분석연구
Other Titles
Analysis of Une Petite Lumière sur La Société des Animaux pour Les 15 Musiciens by Kyoung-ja Kim (2010-2011) focusing on symbolic references through the practical use of serialism
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대학원 음악학부
이화여자대학교 대학원
Michael Sidney Timpson
본 논문의 분석 대상인 『15인을 위한 동물사회에 비치는 한줄기 작은 빛』(UnePetite Lumière sur La Société des Animaux pour Les 15 Musiciens)은 2010년 10월부터 2011년 5월까지 약 8개월 동안 쓰여졌으며, 2012년도 12월에 초연되었다. 이 작품은 음악적 매개변수들이 음렬화 된 총렬주의 음악의 형식과 구조화된 음악적 요소들이 있는 음렬기법적 특성을 상징적인 묘사에 활용한 표제적인 음악의 특징을 가진 작품이다. 본 연구는 이 작품을 통하여 절대음악적인 음렬기법이 표제적 음악구조에 사용된 과정과 방법을 서술함으로서 음렬기법의 또 다른 활용가능성을 제시하는 것을 목적으로 한다. 이 작품은 20세기와 21세기에 사용된 음렬기법의 다양한 가능성을 결합하여 각 악장의 스토리를 묘사하였다. 각각의 다른 스토리를 서술하는 악장들에 독특한 음렬기법들과 다양한 표현을 위한 자료들을 적용하였다. 본 연구는 두 가지 주안점을 다룰 것이다. 첫째는 각 악장별로 적용된 음렬기법의 활용에 대한 것이며 둘째는 음렬기법과 상징적 묘사의 상호작용, 매개변수들과 다른 음악적 요소들의 구조화과정에 관한 것이다. 이를 통하여 음렬기법의 복합적 적용방법, 특히 음렬기법을 묘사의 도구로 사용하는 방법과 표현을 구체화하기 위해 음악요소들을 구조화하는 방법들을 논한다. 상징적 묘사로는 서정적인 표현이나 서경적인 묘사와 심리묘사 등을 포함하는데 이는 묘사적인 기법을 통하여 엄격하게 구성된 총렬음악이지만 청자들이 자유롭게 표현의 이미지를 상상하고 이해하게 하려는 작곡자의 의도가 있다. 이 논문의 궁극적인 목표는 작품에 대한 연구 분석을 통하여 논리적 음악 설계나 구조 속에 감성적, 묘사적 표현을 담고 있는 새로운 음렬기법의 활용방안을 제시하는 것이다.;This purpose of this study is to explore diverse possibilities of combining serialism with the narratives by analyzing the piece in detail, Une Petite Lumière sur La Société des Animaux pour Les 15 Musiciens (A Little ray of Light Shining on the Animal Community for 15 musicians) by Kyoung-ja Kim. This composition was completed in 2011, after seven months of compositional endeavour, premiered in December of 2012. The work is an amalgamation of two elements. Various serial techniques using all musical parameters, otherwise known as Total Serialism are combined with the narrative in order to depict narrative symbolism. As its title suggests, this piece describes the animal community, however, the animals themselves are, in fact, a metaphor of human society. The first movement depicts the life of“Alley Cats,” which are wandering and helpless without a master. The second movement shows puppies gathering in a “Pet Café,” which results in making such a big mess. The third movement alludes to “Sloths and Koalas” that live attached to trees, crawling lazily and staggering due to inebriation. The fourth movement depicts “Fighting Chickens” as a metaphor for silly conflict. Finally, the last movement draws a ray of light shown in the title with “Butterflies” revitalizing the earth. In each movement, Set-Classes and various serial techniques were used as 229 symbolic references. In the first movement, the symmetrical set represents alley cats fleeing in all directions, getting frightened. Harmonic intervals depict emotional tension and release, and the dynamics changes indicate intensity of sounds, motions and mental state. In the second movement, pitch aggregates are serially tied to 12 rhythmic attack points (via the time point system) along with hexachordal combinatoriality areas to describe a plethora of barking sounds. Meanwhile, symmetrically serialized dynamics and articulations describes the scattering of pets in all directions. In the third movement, half-symmetrical sets, which focusing on minor 3rds (representing melancholy), make slow melodic lines in glissand low-registered tone-colors representing each crawling sloth; this movement uses a similar, yet slightly different hexachords of rotational arrays. In this movement, the polyphonic progression of these hexachordal arrays form new intervals linearly to describe the many sloths creeping independently and tangled. To represent the koalas, serial multiplication was applied to the basic segmented sets to create jazzy, dreamlike chords. In the fourth movement, the chicken fight is depicted through rhythmic sets formed via PDA (pitch-duration associations) to imply the dynamics and articulations of cackling noises, pecking hens and the shrieks of chickens during their fight. Overall, the interval formed via disjunct motion symbolizes each characters’ actions: the larger, the bigger motion. The use of minor 2nds indicates the degrees of tension, while the perfect fifth and triadic chords depict the stability, occurrence of pentatonicism and whole-tone scales describes dreamlike feelings and mysterious nature. Finally, the brightness of Spring was depicted by a tonal-implicated set. In addition, the register of the tone-colors expresses age and size with high equaling smaller or younger and low equaling larger or older. From the first to the fourth movements the detailed sounds, actions and representations of the animal subjects were narrated. where as the fifth movement describes the scenes of spring. Patterns of certain notes and trills describes fluttering butterflies, tremolos for the spring haze, and arpeggios for soaring butterflies. Dynamic changes further emphasize the nature of described objects. For instance, the butterflies’spatial dimension is expressed with loud in the front, but changed to soft in the rear. This composition aims to provide audiences with the ability to visualize and imagine natural expression that is not always heard in the rigid confines of Total Serialism. The main emphasis of this music is humor. The purpose of this dissertation is to demonstrate the practical ways of using serialism to involve emotional and descriptive expression.
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