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우연노출로 제시된 정서조절전략이 정서와 기억에 미치는 영향

Title
우연노출로 제시된 정서조절전략이 정서와 기억에 미치는 영향
Other Titles
The Effect of Emotion Regulation Strategies Presented by Incidental Exposure on Emotion and Memory
Authors
장희진
Issue Date
2013
Department/Major
대학원 심리학과
Publisher
이화여자대학교 대학원
Degree
Master
Advisors
안현의
Abstract
본 연구에서는 우연적 노출로 제시된 정서조절전략이 무의식적인 정서조절을 유도하여 정서를 조절하게 하는지와 무의식적인 정서조절의 유도가 자원할당의 측면에서 다른 수행에 영향을 주는지를 살펴보고자 여대생을 대상으로 하여 두 가지 실험을 진행하였다. 본 연구의 실험결과는 우연노출로 제시된 정서조절전략이 피험자의 심리에 영향을 미치며, 정서조절을 유도하였음을 보여준다. 이는 실험에서 정서조절을 유도하는 것이 피험자의 정서조절에 도움을 줌을 보여주는 선행 연구들의 결과와 일치한다 특히 본 연구의 우연노출을 이용한 제시는 정서조절을 무의식적으로 유도하였기에 정서조절을 실패하는 사람들에게 도움을 줄 수 있는 방법을 제공할 수 있다. 또한 무의식적으로 정서조절을 유도한 그룹의 수행과 통제 그룹의 수행의 차이가 없었다는 것은, 무의식적인 점화로 인한 자기조절은 조절 자원을 사용하지 않으며, 따라서 다른 수행을 저하시키지 않을 것이라는 기존의 연구결과들을 지지한다.;This study arranged two tests targeting female university students to examine how emotion regulation strategies suggested by incidental exposure regulate emotion by inducing unconscious emotion regulation and how inducement of emotion regulation have the effect on other performance in the aspect of resource allocation. The result which compared the reaction rate in the Test 1 has found that there is the main effect about the conditions to suggest emotion regulation cues with sentences. In case of inducement of emotion regulation with sentences, there is no any significant difference in emotion after memorization evaluation to induce baseline emotion levels and anxiety. But the group which did not induce emotion regulation with sentences has found that negative emotion of evaluation more significantly increased than the baseline levels. Finally, the result which compared the difference of recognition levels of the four groups has found that there is no any difference in them. The result which compared the reaction rates of the two groups in the Test 2 has found that there is no any difference in them. But the amended average which controlled covariates is considered, the group to induce emotion regulation reacted slower than the control group did. The covariance analysis result has found that there is no any difference in the two groups. But when the amended average is considered, the accidental exposure group reported lesser negative emotion than the control group did. The result which compared emotion after reading scenarios was analyzed that negative feeling of the accidential exposure group is higher than that of the control group. Finally, there was no any difference in recognition task performance of the accidential exposure group and the control group. The above research result showed that emotion regulation strategies suggested by accidential exposure have the effect on psychology of subjects and induced emotion regulation. This accords with the results of the precedent studies that inducement of emotion regulation in the test is helpful for emotion regulation of subjects. Especially, this study's suggestion to use incidental exposure can provide the method which can be helpful for people who fail in emotion regulation because it unconsciously induced emotion regulation. The point that there is no any difference in performance of the group which induced emotion regulation unconsciously and the control group means that self-regulation doesn't use regulatory resources. Therefore, it supports the existing research results that it will not lower other performance.
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