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결혼관련 요인이 출산력에 미치는 영향 연구

결혼관련 요인이 출산력에 미치는 영향 연구
Other Titles
(A) Regressional Study on the Relation between Marriage Variables and Fertility
Issue Date
대학원 건강교육과
이화여자대학교 대학원
The purpose of this study is to identify the important marriage variables influencing fertility. The data on which this study is based was selected from the survey data which was nation-widely collected from 2,824 married women in 1989 as the Korean. Family Function Study performed by the Korea Institute for Population and Health. The data was analyzed by the methods such as Cross Tabulation, Pearson's Correlation, and Multiple Regression. And the data analysis was processed by SPSS. The results are a follows. 1. There are differences in fertility according to the socioeconomic factor. The higher the educational level of a married woman is the lower the fertility level. And if the decision of marriage was made by herself, the fertility level is significantly low. As the duration of living in a large city is longer and the educational level of her husband is higher, the fertility level is low. 2. There are differnces is fertility according to the demographic factor. As the first marriage age of her and her husband, the fertility level was low. And when a couple doesn't live with the husband's parents and the size of a family is small, the fertility level is low. 3. Finally the factors affecting fertility were analyzed by the Stepwised Multiple Regression. The result shows that as the educational level of a married woman is higher, she herself decides the marriage, the first marriage level of her is higher, the size of a family is small, her husband is higher, the fertility level is low.;본 연구는 우리나라의 출산력에 영향을 주는 결혼변수들을 규명하기 위한 목적으로 기혼부인 2,824명을 대상으로 1989년 7월 18일부터 8월 17일까지 한국 보건사회연구원에서 실시한 한국가족기능연구조사 자료를 이용하여 재분석한 것이다. 이에 따른 자료분석은 SPSS를 이용해서 빈도수(frequency). cross tabs table, 피어슨 상관계수(Pearson's Correlation), 중회귀분석 (Multiple Regression)을 사용하였으며 얻어진 결과는 다음과 같다. 1. 대상자의 사회·경제적요인에 따라 출산력에 차이가 있었다. 부인의 교육수준이 높고, 본인들이 결혼을 결정할수록, 그러고 도시에 오래 거주하며(P<0.001), 남편의 교육수준이 높을수록 출산력이 낮았다( P<0.01). 2. 대상자의 인구학적 요인에 따라 출산력에 차이가 있었다. 부인의 초혼연령이 높고, 시부모와 같이 생활하지 않으며, 핵가족일 경우(P<0.001), 그리고 남편의 초혼연령이 높을수록 출산력이 낮았다(P<0.01). 3. 출산력에 영향을 주는 요인들을 단계적 중회귀분석한 결과 부인의 교육수준이 높고, 결혼결정을 본인이 한 경우와, 부인의 초혼연령이 높을수록, 또한 가족형태가 핵가족일 경우와, 남편의 교육수준이 높을수록 출산력 저하에 영향을 주었다.(P0.001).
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