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在日韓人 後孫의 法的 地位에 관한 硏究

在日韓人 後孫의 法的 地位에 관한 硏究
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대학원 법학과
이화여자대학교 대학원
Present study is devoted to the legal status of Korean Resident in Japan and that of their descendants, and divided into five Chapters of which each major subject is as follows : Chapter Ⅰ is the introduction to the subject matter and related problems and considerations, including historical background and factual description of Korean Resident in Japan, Chapter Ⅱ is examination of the legal problems associated with their peculiar status. And Chapter Ⅲ is the specific and detailed examination of certain selected problems such as that of their status as "alien resident" under the 1965 Japan-Korea Normalization Treaty, the problem of Japanese municipal law relating to aliens and the issues related to their right of residence, expulsion, re-entry and long-term internment, as well as the issues of their employment, education and wellfare. The final chapter (Chapter Ⅴ) is devoted to the summary and an overall appraisal of the issues related to the Korean resident in Japan. Based on the study described above the study finds that (1) The Korean resident in Japan--distinguished from other aliens, refugees, immigrants and the like--occupy a unique status in Japan and should have to he accorded with a status different from other foreigners, is believed to have to enjoy similar legal status to that of Japanese in the view of historical background and their long settlement, along with the international trend of protecting foreigners over the world. As most of the permanent foreign residents have an idea of settling down in a foreign country, their descendants are more closely related with their resident country than their ancestors, which makes it necessary for them to have proper legal status. (2) In case of Korean resident in Japan who have acquired denizenship according to the "Japan-Korea Normalization Treaty", they obviously possess Korean nationality. And otherwise, such matters as the qualification problems and the requisities for obtaining nationality stated 'San Francisco Peace Treaty', the basis that Japan has insisted on the loss of nationality of Koreans in Japan, violate the clause 10 of Japanese Constitution. In addition, the fact that Japan has treated Korean resident without Japanese nationality just by means of notification based on thier unconstitutional change of nationality, is regarded as unfair, therefore it has not been considered that they have lost their rights of Japanese nationality . Consequently, the opportunity to select one nationality should be bestowed on the Koreans, a kind of dual nationals. (3) Followings are indicated : Nationality should not be a standard for discriminating in providing human right protection : desirable internatinal society trend in human rights, focused on human dignity itself beyond his nationality, which can be considered as main stream change of international society : the problem concerned on Korean resident in Japan are closely related to the internalization and open door policy of Japan as well as the status of Japanese residents themselves in foreign countries.;木硏究는 在日韓人 後孫의 法的 地位에 관한 것이다. (1) 在日韓人은 移民, 難民, 一般外國人과는 다른 定住外國人으로 外國人保護의 國際的 趨勢와 함께 歷史性과 定住性으로 日本人과 유사한 수준의 法的地位를 향유해야 한다고 보았다. 定住外國人은 대개 定住國에 정착 할 意思를 가지고 있으므로 그 後孫은 定住國과 더욱 밀접한 관계를 가지며 따라서 이에 상응하는 法的地位를갖는 것이 정당하다고 보았다. (2) '法的地位協定'에 의해 協定永住權을 取得한 在日韓人의 경우 韓國國籍이 분명하나 이외의 자의 경우 日本이 在日韓人의 國籍喪失의 근거로 삼은 샌프란시스코평화조약의 當事者適格問題, 國籍要件은 法律로 정하도록 규정한 日本憲法 第10條를 위반하고 通達形式으로 國籍變更을 처리한 違憲性問題등을 근거로 在日韓人의 日本國籍喪失의 처리는 부당하며 在日韓人의 日本國籍에 대한 權利가 喪失된 것이 아니라고 보았다. 따라서 일종의 二重國籍狀態인 이들에게 國籍選擇의 기회가 부여되어야 한다고 보았다. (3) 國籍은 人權保護의 정도를 구분하는 기준이 되어서는 아니되며 바람직한 國際社會는 國籍을 초월해서 人間尊嚴 그 자체의 중요성에 비추어 人間을 처우해야하며 이러한 방향으로 改善되고 있다고 보았다. 한편 在日韓人의 問題는 日本의 國際化, 開放化와도 중요한 관계가 있으며 在外日本人의 地位와도 무관하지 않음을 지적하였다.
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