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지체부자유 청소년이 지각한 가족환경과 자아개념간의 관계연구

Title
지체부자유 청소년이 지각한 가족환경과 자아개념간의 관계연구
Other Titles
CORRELATIONS BETWEEN YOUNG DISABLED CLIENTS' SELF CONCEPT AND PERCEPTIONS OF THEIR FAMILY ENVIRONMENT
Authors
김명미
Issue Date
1987
Department/Major
대학원 간호학과
Keywords
지체부자유청소년가족환경자아개념
Publisher
이화여자대학교 대학원
Degree
Master
Advisors
김수지
Abstract
본 연구는 지체부자유청소년이 지각한 가족환경과 자아개념간의 관계를 파악하여 그들의 행동을 이해하고 그들의 잠재능력을 개발하도록 돕는 재활간호중재를 위한 기초자료를 제공하기 위한 목적으로 시도되었다. 연구대상은 서울시내에 있는 3개의 재활원 중·고등학교에 다니는 만14세에서 21세까지의 지체부자유청소년 104명으로 하였다. 연구도구는 가족환경도구로서 Moos와 Insel의 Family Environment Scale중 R Form을, 자아개념도구로서 Fitts, W.H.의 Tennessee Self Concept Scale을 정 원식이 우리말로 번안·제작한 자아개념검사를 사용하였다. 자료수집기간은 1987년 3월 23일부터 4월 4일까지 였다. 수집된 자료는 백분율, Analysis of Variance, Pearson Correlation Coefficient로 분석하였다. 1. 가설검정 가설, "지체부자유청소년이 지각한 가족환경 정도와 자아개념 정도간에는 순상관관계가 있을 것이다"는 지지되었다(r=0.2987 P=0.000). 2. 대상자의 일반적배경 및 장애특성과 지각한 가족환경정도와의 관계 가. 지각한 가족환경정도와 유의수준에서 관계있는 일반적배경은 학력과 어머니의 교육정도이었다(F=10.0797 P=0.0020, F=0.5441 P=0.0329). 나. 지각한 가족환경정도와 유의수준에서 관계있는 장애특성은 없었다. 3. 대상자의 일반적배경 및 장애특성과 자아개념정도와의 관계 가. 자아개념정도와 유의수준에서 관계있는 일반적배경은 연령과 학력이 이었다 (r=0.1748 P=0.038, F=9.7900 P=0.0023). 나. 자아개념정도와 유의수준에서 관계있는 장애특성은 없었다. 결론적으로 지체부자유청소년이 지각한 가족환경과 자아개념간에는 유의한 상관관계가 있었다. 그러므로 자아정체감이 형성되고 많은 성장능력을 지니고 있는 청소년기에 신체적인 결함에도 불구하고 긍정적인 자아개념을 갖도록 돕기 위해서는 간호사정시에 가족환경에 대한 지체부자유청소년의 지각정도를 파악하여 가족으로 하여금 지체부자유청소년들의 재활에 적극 참여하도록 해야할 것이다.;This study was designed to identify the correlation between perceived family environment and self concept of disabled young clients. The purpose was to contribute to Nurses' understanding of disabled young clients' responses to their health problems and to the planning of nursing intervention toward the attainment of clients' potential abilities. The subjects of this study were 104 disabled young people aged from 14 to 24 who were attending the middle and high schools of three rehabilitation centers in Seoul. Data were collected from March 23rd to April 4th., 1987. The tools used for this study were the Family Environment Scale designed by Moos and Insel and the Self Concept Scale adapted by Jung, Won-Sik from W.H. Fitts's Tennessee Self Concept Scale. The data were analysed by Frequency, Analysis of Variance and the Pearson Correlation Coefficient. Results included the following : 1. Test for the hypothesis. The hypothesis, "The family environment perception scores and the self concept scores will be positively correlated" was supported (r=.5231, p=0.000). 2. Relationships between general characteristics, reported disabilities and the family environment perception score. a. General characteristics related to the family environment perception score were the clients' present educational level (F=10.0797, p=0.0020) and the mothers' educational background (F=2.5441, p=0.0329). b. Reported disabilities were not related to the family environment perception score. 3. Relationships between general characteristics, reported disabilities and the self concept score. a. General characteristics related to the self concept score were clients' age (r=.1748, p=0.038) and present educational level (F=9.7900, p=0.0023). b. Reported disabilities were not related to the self concept score. It was concluded that the family environment as perceived by disabled young clients was positively correlated with their self concept. The study suggests that nurses should assess disabled young clients' perceptions of their family environment as indicators of their self concept. The results have implications for nurses' judgement about the potential of the family to enhance disabled young clients' self concepts by participation in the rehabilitation programs.
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