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정신지체아동의 보존개념 발달에 관한 연구

Title
정신지체아동의 보존개념 발달에 관한 연구
Other Titles
(A) Study on the Development of Conservation concept among the Mentally Retarded Children : Concentrating on Piaget's Cognitive Theory
Authors
金善晶
Issue Date
1989
Department/Major
대학원 특수교육학과
Keywords
정신지체아동보존개념Piaget인지발달론Cognitive TheoryConservation concept
Publisher
이화여자대학교 대학원
Degree
Master
Advisors
秋菊姬
Abstract
본 硏究의 目的은 Piaget의 認知發達論에 근거하여, 교육가능급 정신지체아동의 保存槪念 發達樣相이 어떠한가를 밝히는데 있으며 나아가 特殊敎育現場에서의 敎授戰略에 도움을 주고자 한다. 硏究對象은 정신연령 4세, 6세, 8세 및 10세의 정상아동 각 10명씩 40명, 정상아동과 정신연령이 同一한 정신지체아동 각 10명씩 40명으로 모두 80 명이다. 保存槪念은 수, 고체량, 액체량, 길이, 부피의 5가지로 나누어 Piaget의 實驗方法을 使用하여 측정하였다. 檢査結果는 다원변량분석과 t검증 및 상관관계 분석으로 統計處理 하였다. 본 硏究를 통해 얻은 結論은 다음과 같다. 첫째, 정신지체아동과 정상아동의 保全槪念 形成정도는 정신연령간에 有意한 차이가 있으며, 정신연령이 4, 6, 8 및 10세로 增加해 감에 따라 保存槪念 形成정도도 增加해 갔다. 둘째, 정신지체아동과 정상아동의 保存槪念 形成정도는 槪念類型 간에 有意한 차이가 있었다. 세째, 정신연령을 같게 했을 경우 정신지체아동과 정상아동간의 保存槪念 形成정도는 有意한 차이가 없었다. 네째, 정신지체아동의 保存槪念 形成順序와 정상아동의 保存槪念 形成順序에는 有意한 相關이 있었다. 두 집단 모두 保存槪念 形成順序가 수, 교체량, 액체량, 길이 그리고 부피의 順으로 나타났다.;The purpose of this study is frist to investigate the developmental aspect of conservation concept in both normal children and in educable mentally retarded children, aged 4, 6, 8 and 10, and secondly, to provide an experimental results which can be implemented to the educational program for the educable mentally retarded children. To achieve this aim, the author has used the Piaget's methods to measure the five conservation concepts - in number, mass, liquid, length and volume. 40 subjects for each group were selected with 10 for each mental age group of 4, 6, 8 and 10. For statistical analysis of data, ANOVA, t-test and correlation analysis were used. The results obtained from this study can be summarized as follows : 1. Significant differences were found between the mental age groups both the normal and the educable mentally retarded groups in the development of conservation concept. The growth of the age was correlated with the growth of the conservation concept among the two groups. 2. Significant differences were found between each of the five conservation concepts through the experimental test among the normal and the educable mentally retarded groups. 3. When the mental age was held constant, there was no difference in the conservation concept between the two groups. 4. The conservation concept was shown to be developed in the order of the concept on number, mass, liquid, length and volume among the two groups.
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