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成人男子의 依服行動에 關한 硏究

Title
成人男子의 依服行動에 關한 硏究
Other Titles
(A) STUDY ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CLOTHING BEHAVIORS AND GENERAL VALUES, SOCIO-ECONOMIC BAGROUDS, FOR A GROUP OF MAIE ADULTS IN SEOUL
Authors
李宣和
Issue Date
1983
Department/Major
대학원 의류직물학과
Keywords
성인남자의복행동가치관사회경제적배경
Publisher
이화여자대학교 대학원
Degree
Master
Advisors
임숙자
Abstract
本 硏究의 目的은 서울의 成人男子를 對象으로 一般的 價値觀과 衣服行動과의 相關性을 糾明하며 職業, 階層, 敎育水準, 月收入등 社會, 經濟的 背景에 따른 集團別 衣服行動의 차이를 比較分析하는데 있다. 一般的 價値觀 檢査는 Allport-Vernon-Lindzey가 공동 제작한 一般的 價値觀 檢査의 Part Ⅰ과 Part Ⅱ를 합한 총 45개 問項을 사용하였으며, 衣服行動 檢査는 Creekmore의 問項 및 國內의 先行 硏究에 사용된 旣存 問項을 本 硏究의 調査 對象者들에게 적합하도록 本 硏究者가 수정 보완한 후 豫備調査를 거쳐 妥當度가 있는 問項을 사용하였다. 이외에 職業, 敎育水準, 月收入 등 社會, 經濟的 背景 및 年齡, 結婚 與否 조사가 사용되었다. 標集對象은 職業階層에 의하여 分類된 上流層 職業中 公務員, 醫師, 企業幹部, 敎授 등 238명과 下流層 職業中 工員, 運轉士, 店員 등 222명의 上, 下 두 階層에서 總 460명을 選定하였다. 硏究資料에 대한 통계 처리는 SPSS Package를 사용하여 도수(Frequency), 평균(Mean), 표준 편차(Standard Deviation)적률 상관 계수(Pearson's r) T-檢證, F-檢證, χ^(2)檢證을 산출하여 분석하였다. 本 硏究의 資料分析 結果는 다음과 같다. 1. 一般的價値觀 價値觀 變因의 順位는 「理論的 價値觀」, 「政治的 價値觀」, 「經濟的 價値觀」, 「社會的 價値觀」, 「審美的 價値觀」, 「宗敎的 價値觀」의 順으로 나타났으며, 衣服行動 變因의 順位는 「經濟性」, 「禮儀性」, 「審美性」, 「同調性」, 「身分 象徵性」의 順으로 나타났다. 2. 一般的 價値觀과 衣服行動과의 關係에서 有意的인 相關性을 나타냈다. 즉, 「理論的 價値觀」은 衣服行動 變因의 「審美性」 및 「身分象徵性」과 負的 相關關係가, 「審美的 價値觀」은 「同調性」과 負的 相關關係가, 「社會的 價値觀」은 「身分 象徵性」과 負的 相關關係가 있었으며 「政治的 價値觀」은 「同調性」과는 負的 相關 關係가 「身分 象徵性」과는 正的 相關 關係가 있었으며, 「宗敎的 價値觀」은 「審美性」과 正的인 相關 關係가 있음이 나타났다. 3. 職業別 차이를 비교한 결과 「身分 象徵性」은 企業幹部가, 「經濟性」은 工員이, 「同調性」은 運轉士가 각각 가장 중요시하는 것으로 나타났으며 階層別 차이를 비교한 결과 「身分 象徵性」은 上流層이, 「經濟性」은 下流層이 각각 높게 나타났다. 敎育水準別 차이를 비교한 결과 「身分 象徵性」 은 大卒 이상에서, 「經濟性」은 中卒 이하에서 높게 나타났으며 月收入別 차이를 비교한 결과 「同調性」은 中間所得을 가진 집단에서 「身分 象徵性」은 高所得層 집단에서 각각 높게 나타났다. 4 .年齡別 차이를 비교한 결과 「審美性」은 29세 이하의 젊은 층에서, 「身分 象徵性」은 50세 이상의 年齡層에서 가장 높게 나타났다. 結婚 與否別 차이를 비교한 결과 未婚이 旣婚보다 衣服行動의「審美性」 및 「禮儀性」을 더 중요시하는 것으로 나타났다. 5. 衣服行動 變因의 內的 相關 關係를 분석한 결과 衣服行動 變因의 「審美性」과 「禮儀性」 및 「身分 象徵性」, 「同調性」과 「身分 象徵性」간에 강한 正的 相關 關係가 있었고, 「經濟性」과 「身分 象徵性」간에는 강한 負的 相關 關係를 나타내었다.;The purpose of this present study is not only to investigate mutual relationship between general values and clothing behaviors, but to analyize the differences in clothing behaviors in view of socio-economic backgrounds, such as professions, social classes, educational levels, monthly income, etc. For the measurement of the general values, a total of 45 questions were made use of from both part Ⅰ and Part Ⅱ of "The study of General Values" jointly developed by Allport-Vernon-Lindzey, while for the measurement of the clothing behaviors were used questions selected from "The clothing variables Inventory" developed by Creekmore and from those previously used in our country for the same purpose. Data were obtained from 460 persons and the selected sample was composed of 238 persons from the upper class and of 222 persons from the lower class. The former class is mainly represented by government officials doctors, company directors, professors, while the latter by factory workers, clerks, drivers. The statistical analyses of the obtained data was made on the basis of Calculations of the Frequency Distribution, Mean, Standard Deviation, Pearson's Correlation Coefficient, t-test, F-t e s t , χ^(2)-test, the result of which were produced through the use of SPSS Package. Analysis of the data in this present study reached its conclusions as follows; 1. Among the general values' variables, the selected group in this study ranked 'theoretical values' first, 'political values' 'economic values', 'social values', aesthetic values', 'religious values' in that order, and also among the clothing behaviors' variables it ranked in the following order; economy' 'modesty' 'aesthetic' 'conformity' 'status symbol'. 2. A significant relationship between general values and clothing behaviors was found as follows; there are negative relationships between 'theoretical values' and 'aesthetic', 'status symbol', between 'aesthetic values' and 'conformity', between 'social values' and 'status symbol', between 'political values' and 'conformity', on the one; there are positive relationships between political values' and 'status symbol', between religious values' and 'aesthetic', on the other. 3. In view of profession, it was found that a group of company directors placed the most importance upon 'status symbol', a group of factory workers upon 'economy', a group of drivers upon 'conformity' among the clothing behaviors. In light of social classes, 'economy' was given a high priority by the lower class, and 'status symbol' by the upper class, respectively. Considering educational levels, it was found that the highly-educated class including graduates, M.A., PHD. placed more emphasis on ' status symbol' and the lower educated class including primary school, middle school showed their preference to 'economy'. In view of monthly pay, 'conformity' was given a top priority by the middle class, and 'status symbol' by the upper class. 4. As a result of investigating the influence that one's age and marriage affect on clothing behaviors, significant differences were found among the three clothing motivations of 'aesthetic', 'modesty', 'status symbol'. 5. As a result of analyzing the internal relationship among the clothing behaviors' variables, it was found that there are , first, strong positive relationships between 'aesthetic' and 'modesty', between 'aesthetic' and 'status symbol', between 'conformity' and status symbol'; second, positive relationship between 'aesthetic' and 'conformity'; third, strong negative relationship between 'economy' and 'status symbol'.
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