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운동선수의 발형태에 관한 연구

Title
운동선수의 발형태에 관한 연구
Other Titles
(A) Study of sports player's foot feature : centering on weight lifting, archery, soccer and running
Authors
한혜원
Issue Date
1985
Department/Major
대학원 체육학과
Keywords
운동선수발형태역도양궁
Publisher
이화여자대학교 대학원
Degree
Master
Advisors
윤남식
Abstract
사람이 서 있을때나 움직일때 자세의 基礎가 되는 것은 발이다. 발은 體重을 받쳐주고 步行에 편리하도록 일정한 彎曲을 유지하고 있는데 이를 足弓이라 한다. 足弓은 體重을 받을때 스프링 役割을 하며 걷기, 달리기, 뜀뛰기, 걷어차기와 같은 身體動作의 효율성을 向上시키는데 도움을 준다. 本 硏究는 서울시내에 위치한 남자대학생들 중에서 역도, 양궁, 축구, 육상선수를 對象으로 발의 形態(발길이, 발너비, C.F.P.A.)의 實態와 아울러 다른 體格요인(신장, 체중, 하지장) 및 운동경력, 경기력 판별점수들과의 관계를 糾明하는데 目的이 있다. 이를 위하여 발의형태, 체격요인, 경기력 등의 結果를 統計分析한 結果 다음과 같은 結論을 얻었다. 1. 운동종목間 발길이에 있어서 意義있는 차이가 없었다. 발너비의 경우에는 5%의 유의수준에서 意義있는 차이가 있었으며(F=2.755) 역도가 9.7㎝로 가장 넓었고 축구와 양궁이 9.24㎝로 가장 좁게 나타났다. C.F.P.A.에 있어서는 1%의 유의수준에서 意義있는 차이가 있었으며(F=22.539) 가장 큰 C.F.P.A.는 축구로 56.00도 였고 역도가 33.00도로 가장 작았다. 靜的, 動的運動에서 있어서 발길이는 意義있는 차가 없었다. 발너비는 5%의 유의수준에서 意義있는 차이가 있었는데(F=6.340) 靜的運動이 9.47㎝였고 動的運動이 9.27㎝였다. C.F.P.A.는 1% 유의수준에서 意義있는 차이가 있었으며(F=69.742) 靜的運動이 33.90도 動的運動이 55.00도로 나타났다. 2. 운동종목別로 C.F.P.A.의 結定에 가장 큰 영향을 미치는 것은 역도의 경우 발길이(V_(1)=-130.19+6.11V_(7)), 양궁의 경우 발너비(V_(1)=-640.73+21.42V_(8)), 육상의 경우 운동경력(V_(1)=241.71+3.73V_(5)), 이었으며 축구의 경우는 C.F.P.A.와 발길이가 陰性의 相關관계를 보였다.(V_(1)=62.22-0.16V_(7)) 靜的, 動的運動에서 C.F.P.A.결정에 가장 큰 영향력이 있는 변인으로, 靜的運動에서는 하지장(V_(1)=-195.21+1.87V_(4)), 動的運動에서는 운동경력(V_(1)=136.12+1.46V_(5))으로 나타났다. 3. 扁平足 분포율은 動的運動 선수에게는 단1名도 나타나지 않았다. 반면 靜的運動에서는 선수의 75%가 扁平足으로 나타났으며, 그중 55%가 제1도扁平足, 20%가 제2도扁平足이었고, 제3도扁平足은 나타나지 않았다.;The purpose of this study is to search for the possible relationship firstly, between the features of foot (its length, width, Clarke Foot Print Angle) and other body feature (height, weight, and lower extremity), secondly, between the features of foot and sports career, the capability of game performance. For this purpose, various kinds of result drawn from the measured data were tested through Pearson correlation analysis, Partial correlation analysis, Multiple regression analysis. The results of these test were as follows: 1. F-test based on the relationships between foot length and sports type showed that there was no significant difference. Another F-test based on the relationships between foot width and sports type indicated that there was significant difference at the significant level of 5%. The width of weight lifting players' foot proved to the widest (9.70cm) of them (weight lifting, archery, soccer and running) and those of soccer and archery to be the narrowest of them. C.F.P.A. showed significant difference at the significant level of 1%, The C.F.P.A. of soccer player was biggest as 52.00 degree and that of weight lifting player was smallest as 33.00 degree, F-test based on the possible relationship between the sports characteristic--dynamic sports and static sports -- and the foot feature showed the following results. Firstly, there was no significant difference in relation to the foot length. Secondly, there was significant difference at the significant level of 5% in relation to foot width. And the mean of static player' foot lenEths turned out to be 9.27cm. F-test based on C.F.P.A. showed significalt difference at the significant level of 1%. C.F.p.A of static sports players stood at 33.00 degree, that of dynamic sports ones 55.00 degree. 2. The most influence variants in deciding C.F.P.A. proved to be foot length in case of weight lifting players, to be foot width in case of archery players, and to be sports career in case of tract players. Especially, the case of soccer players indicated reversal correlation between C.F.P.A. and foot length. And again, the most effective variants in deciding C.F.P.A. were learned to be the length of lower extremity in area of static sports, sports career in area of dynamic sports. 3. In dynamic sports, there was no player who had flat foot while 75% of static sports players proved to have flat foot. Among players having flat foot 55% indicated the first-degree flat foot, 20% the second-degree flat foot, while none was to be the third-degree flat foot.
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