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共同 不法行爲에 관한 硏究

Title
共同 不法行爲에 관한 硏究
Other Titles
study on Jiont Tort
Authors
曹瓊愛
Issue Date
1984
Department/Major
대학원 법학과
Keywords
불법행위공동 불법행위요건론
Publisher
이화여자대학교 대학원
Degree
Master
Advisors
최서욱
Abstract
As a highly growing modernization of social types of damages involved by the plural people, a theory on the requirements on the past joint tort has become necessary to be amended. A narrow sense of the joint tort in paragraph 1, article 760 of our civil code, provided that joint tort, if an assiliant unidentifiable, in paragraph 2 of the same article reads as instigation, and aiding and abetting, in paragraph 3 respectively, and authorizes that responsibilities for a total damages caused by joint tort shall be imposed on the joint, and also authorizes the nature of connection therefore. In view of functional importance of the joint tort done in the modern society, the purpose of this script is to deeply look about the current status of theory and application formming such requirements on which are centered, and then review how such formation has been limited and continues in progress again. Therefore, in order to find out the meaning and nature of the joint tort, I have firstly studied the types of the joint tort and responsibilities of the plural assiliants, in chapter Ⅱ, under the civil code. In chapter Ⅲ, I have studied the theory on joint tort in Germany, England and the United States of America, Japan. In chapter Ⅳ, I have analyzed the theory and precedents of such conducts to indicate the interpretation of problems pointed out on the past requirement in paragraph I and 2, article 760 of the civil code. Finally I have looked about amendment to the theory on joint tort under the title of the theory on re-formation, verifying the analysis and reasonableness of such theory.;社會組織이 高度化되어 감에 따라 複數人이 損害發生에 관여하는 形態가 다양해져서 從來의 共同不法行爲의 要件論은 修正論이 대두되기에 이르렀다. 우리 民法은 第760條 第1項에서 狹義의 共同不法行爲를, 同 第2項에서 加害者가 不明인 경우의 共同不法行爲를,同 第3項에서敎唆·幇助의 경우를 각각 규정하고 이들에게 共同行爲로부터 발생한 全損害에 대한 責任을 부담시키고 이에 대하여 連帶性을 인정하고 있다. 이 硏究는 現代社會에 있어서 共同不法行爲의 機能의 重要性에 착안하여 成立要件을 中心으로 理論과 適用의 現實을 살펴보고 共同不法行爲의 成立이 어떻게 制限되어 再構成이 시도되어가고 있는가를 檢討하는 것을 目的으로 한다. 따라서 먼저 共同不法行爲의 性格과 意義를 살피기 위하여 Ⅱ章에서 民法上의 共同不法行爲의 類型과 複數加害者의 責任을 고찰한다. Ⅲ章에서는 共同不法行爲의 比較法的 理解와 要件의 再構成論을 檢討하기 위하여 獨逸, 프랑스, 英·美, 日本의 共同不法行爲理論을 고찰하고, Ⅳ章에서는 學說과 判例를 분석하여 第760條1項과 第2項의 解釋을 둘러싼 從來의 要件論上의 問題點과 그 限界를 극복하기 위한 再構成論들을 考察하여 理論的 分析과 妥當性을 檢討하였다.
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