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Structural Forces at Work

Title
Structural Forces at Work
Authors
TUKAH, Vivian Jioy
Issue Date
2012
Department/Major
국제대학원 국제학과
Publisher
이화여자대학교 국제대학원
Degree
Master
Advisors
Heather A. Willoughby
Abstract
This thesis aims at identifying the socio-cultural and economic factors that have led to a high prevalence of HIV/AIDS among women from 13 to 45 years in Cameroon. To carry out this research, an analysis based on qualitative technique was used to gather information from secondary sources. It found out that socio-cultural and economic factors have made women in Cameroon to be more vulnerable to HIV/AIDS. Under socio-cultural factors; polygamy and concubine, widow inheritance, number of life time partners, female genital mutilation and early marriage were analyzed. The economic factors that have also contributed to this situation include poverty and its related causes which are prostitution, separation and divorce. HIV can be reduced in Cameroon if the men join the women; government and international community to carry on the fight against the pandemic. This can be done by reducing the inequalities and change of behavior.;본논문의목적은카메룬의 13세부터 45세가임여성사이의높은 HIV/AIDS 발병률을가져오는사회-문화적, 경제적요인에대해분석하는것이다. 본연구를수행하기위해 2차자료들로부터얻은정보를기반으로정량분석을하였다. 본연구결과에따르면, 사회-문화적인요인과경제적인요인이카메룬여성들을 HIV/AIDS 에더욱취약하게만들었다.사회문화적인요소로는일부다처제, 남성의중혼제도, 미망인의대물림, 다수의배우자, 할례(여성성기절제), 조혼등이있는것으로분석되었다. 경제적인요소또한카메룬여성을HIV/AIDS 에취약하게만드는것으로나타났는데, 이는가난을포함하여그와관련된매춘, 별거, 이혼등이있었다.카메룬의 HIV감염은남성과여성, 카메룬정부와국제사회가적극적으로 HIV감염확산에대항하여싸운다면감소될수있으며,불평등감소와행동변화로도 HIV 감염확산을줄일수있다.
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