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우리나라 成人女子의 衣服構成을 爲한 人體計測

Title
우리나라 成人女子의 衣服構成을 爲한 人體計測
Other Titles
A Study on the Body Measurement of Korean Women for Clothing Construction : Mainly with woman workers in Seoul Area
Authors
宋美令
Issue Date
1973
Department/Major
대학원 의류직물학과
Publisher
이화여자대학교 대학원
Degree
Master
Advisors
安顯玟
Abstract
衣服構成에 必要한 値數設定과 體型의 把握을 爲하여 韓國中年女性을 對象으로 人體計測을 實施하였다. 被計測者는 서울市內에 分布한 大學校, 中高等學校, 國民學校에 在職하고 있는 女子敎職員 中에서 205名을 年齡 21歲 부터 55歲까지를 計測對象으로 擇하였다. 計測項目은 長育項目이 22項目, 周育項目이 27項目, 幅育項目이 7項目, 厚育項目이 6項目 그리고 體重과 肩傾斜角등 總 64個項目이며 이것을 測定하여 다음고 같은 算出을 하였다. 1) 平均値, 標準偏差, 指數値의 算出. 2) 不動姿勢와 流動姿勢를 計測한 것으로써 身體活動 變化率 卽 餘裕分 算出. 3) 全項目의 相關關係와 衣服構成에 必要한 項目 相互間의 相關關係의 値數算出. 4) 現 原型構成法의 妥當性 與否를 分析, 이의 結果 等은 다음과 같다. 被計測者의 職場이 서울市內를 主로 擇하였으므로 成長地 역시 서울特別市가 10個 市道 中에서 79.0%로 一位를 차지하고 있으며 年齡은 26歲에서 30歲 사이가 24.4%를, 全體에 對한 旣婚人 65.4% 中에서 子女數 分布는 2名을 가진 사람이 32.1%, 3名을 가진 사람이 25.4%를 차지 하므로 理想的인 子女數는 2~3名 이라고 생각할 수 있다. 平均値算出의 結果 中年期의 女性은 靑年期의 女性과 달리 身體의 Proportion이 變하여 身長에 比해 幅育項目과 周育項目이 增加한 것을 알 수 있었다. 職業女性을 爲한 衣服構成에 있어서는 活動面을 重視하여야 한다. 그러므로 身體의 流動姿勢를 計測하여 活動時 變하는 部位의 變化量을 衣服의 餘裕分으로 주므로서 活動時 着用하고 있는 衣服의 均衡이 깨지는 것을 防止할 수 있는 機能的인 衣服을 製作할 수 있을 것이다. 全項目 相互間의 相關關係로서 體型의 區分을 把握할 수 있었다. 卽 長과 高 項目은 比較的 身長과의 相關이 높았으므로 衣服의 길이 決定은 身長에 따라 定해 진다고 볼 수 있으며 周와幅 項目은 胸圍와의 相關이 比較的 높았으므로 衣服의 품 (둘레) 決定은 胸圍에 따라 定해 진다고 볼 수 있다. 이러한 硏究結果 얻어진 것을 基礎로 職場女性들이 주로 着用하는 衣服中에서 Two piece dress 를 擇하여 이의 製作時 必要한 項目 相互間의 相關關係値算出로 衣服과 着衣者의 身體的 特性과의 關係를 알 수 있었으므로 機能的인 Two piece dress 製作에 도움이 될 줄로 믿는다. 위와 같은 方法으로 現在 우리가 使用하고 있는 原型構成法이 胸圍와 背長을 基準項目으로 定한 根據가 妥當하다고 나타났고, 反面 頸圍, 前長, 乳頭間幅, 背肩幅 등은 胸圍와 背長과의 相關關係가 낮으므로 胸圍値數로서 等分하는 것은 無理가 간다. 그러므로 衣服構成時, 個個人의 別途計測을 必要로 하는 項目임을 알 수 있었다.;Physical measurements of Korean middle-aged women were made to determine a body size and to prepare for a pattern. Those measured reprcsented 205 woman-teaching staffs, aged 21 to 55, of college, middle or high schools and primary schools looated in Seoul city. The measurements were carrled out for total 64 itema; that is, 22 items in length, 27 in circumference, 7 in wIdth, 6 in thickness, weight and shoulder incIition. They were classified into four parts respectively; 1) Calculation of mean, standard deviation and physical index. 2) Calculation of amount of allowance by measuring the difference of size between the moving posture and unmoving one. 3) Calculation of the correlation coefficients between body dimension, particularly necessary for clothing constructIon. 4) Discussion of the propriety of present method of pattern construction. The results investigated were as follows; Of the total women measured, those from Seoul constituted the largest number of 79.%. Subjects of 26 - 30 years old women were occupied to 24.4% and the percentage of the married was 65.4. Prom the fact that 32.1% of the women measured had 2 children and 25.4% of those had 3 children the ideal number of children may be considered to be 2 or 3. The measurement results show that most of the circumferences and widths of mIddle-aged woman were more increased, than those of young ones in relative with stature. In clothing construction for woman workers, the consideration for physIcal activIty must be made. Therefore, by adding the (amount of) all lowance calculated from the difference between moving posture and body proportion to the length of the clothing. The regression equation calculated from correlation coefficients between the dimension in questlon of populatIon make It possIble determine the physique of a certain person. The correlation coefficients were relatively large within items of length and height. Thus, the length of clothing may be determined mainly by the stature. And the correlation coefficients of circumferences and widths to bust circumference were relatively large, therefore the circumferences. may be determined by bust circumference. It was believed that the relation between clothes and the wearer can be ratIonalized by considerIng the correlations between the dimensiong necessary for clothing. Correlations of dimensions necessary for suits dress, the most common wear for middleaged woman worker, were analyzed. Depending on this result, bust circumfer ence and center back length appeared to be valid as the basic dimensions for pattern construction of suits dress as is the present method, but neok bace girth, front shoulder height, binipple breadth, ahd shoulder breadth muat be measured individually for each person to make clothes suitable for that person, since the correlations of these dimensions to bust circumference and center back height are considerably low ( lowerthan 0.4).
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