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F J. Haydn의 Die Schopfung에 關한 硏究

Title
F J. Haydn의 Die Schopfung에 關한 硏究
Other Titles
A STUDY OF HAYDN'S ORATORIO "DIE SCHOPFUNG"
Authors
李和炳
Issue Date
1981
Department/Major
대학원 음악학과
Publisher
梨花女子大學校 大學院
Degree
Master
Advisors
원성희
Abstract
F.J.Haydn ( 1732 ~ 1809 ) 은 18세기 末 고전양식의 완성에 있어서 누구보다도 역할이 컸다. 그는 과거를 소화하여 baroque 末期의 요소로 빈약한 18세기 중엽의 양식을 살찌워 주었으며 감정적 양식과 질풍노도 운동에서 낭만적인 맥박을 흡수해 들였으며, 마침내 이 모든 것들은 한데로 융합하여 1790년 이후 그의 作品의 독특한 성격을 이루는 천진함이 깃든 세련성이라는 한 색깔로 만들었던 것이다. Haydn의 Oratorio "Die Sch?pfung" ( 1798 ) 은 Haydn의 모든 완숙한 기교가 포함되었을 뿐만 아니라, 자연과 神에 대한 특별한 경외감을 느끼게 하고 있다. 이 논문에서는 합창과 독창 그리고 반주에 있어서 기악부분이 뚜렷한 특징을 이루고 있음을 중점적으로 연구하였다. 이 "Die Sch?pfung"의 음악적 특징은 반주의 관현악 부분은 말할 것도 없고 독창이나 합창부분에 있어서도 음처리에 대한 Haydn의 재능으로 인하여 기악적인 분위기를 강하게 띄우는 것이 그 특징이라 하겠다.;Haydn was not a devout mystic like Bach, or a heaven-storming Titan like Beethoven. Least of all was he a mere forerunner of Beethoven or of Romanticism. In music history, his role was two-fold, that of a pioneer of new musical forms, and that of one who advanced and brought to completion the achievements of others in a unique and masterful way. In his oratorio "Die Sch?pfung", Haydn effectively combined solo voices in ensemble and with the chorus, and used the orchestra not only as the accompanying agent but as a mighty instrument by which the changing moods of the great story of Creation which he sought to portray could be most artistically presented. A large part of the charm of this work consists in its naive and loving depiction of nature and of man's innocent joy in the simple, natural life. This was discovered by the writer through a detailed analysis of the harmonic and melodic components of the 32 movements of the oratorio. Although the important Baroque form of Recitative was employed here by Haydn with less success than might have been expected, yet through the orchestration techniques and the mighty choruses, and the interplay of solos, ensembles and choruses, the perfected classical style of the eighteenth century is apparent. In this work, Haydn's art is seen as being characterized by the union of sophistication with honest craftsmanship, and a never-failing spiritual contact with God and Nature.
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