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우리나라 대학 학생 보건관리 실태에 관한 조사
- 우리나라 대학 학생 보건관리 실태에 관한 조사
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- 대학원 의학과
- 이화여자대학교 대학원
- 大學 學生保健의 主目的은 學生은 健康한 大學生活을 이룩할 수 있도록 學生의 健康 維持와 增進, 疾病의 豫防과 早期發見治療에 있다고 할 수 있다.
著者는 우리나라 大學保健管理實態를 把握하고저 1978年 7月 1日부터 9月 30目까지의 期間中에 郵便設問을 통하여 70個大學에 對한 學生保健管理施設, 學生保健管理機能, 學生保健管理實績 및 學生醫療共濟 制度에 關한 實態를 調査하여 다음과 갈은 結論을 얻었다.
1. 70個 大學中 學生保健管理 施設이 있는 大學은 54.3%인 38個 大學후이었으며 그중 保健所施設은 30.0%인 21個 大學이다.
2. 25個綜合大學校中 學生保健管理 施設이 있는 大學校는 80.0%였으며 30個單科大學校中 管理施設이 있는 大學은 43.3%, 初級大學中 管理施設이 있는 大學字은 33.3%이었다.
3. 學生保健管理施設機能으로서 學生身體檢査를 行하고 있는 大學은 38個施設中 35個施設로서 92.1%이었으며 主要機能으로서는 學生健康 相談(86.8%), 1次的診療(78.9%), 肺結核管理(58.4%), 驅蟲驅鼠(52.6%), 寄生蟲管理(47.4%), 給水管理(44.7%), 口腔衛生(28.9%) 等이 있었다.
4. 學生保健所 施設에 常任醫師를 두고있는 大學은 14個大學(66.7%), 看護員을 두고있는 大學은 17個大學(81.8%) 이었으며 保健室施設에 常任醫師를 두고있는 大學은 l個大學(5.8%), 看護員을 두고있는 大學은 6個大學(35.3%)이었다.
5. 學生保健費는 大學에 따라 100원부터 1,400원까지의 幅을 보이고 있었으며 平均은 520원이었다. 또한 保健所 施設 大學에 있어서의 平均 保健費는 500원 이었고 保健室 施設 大學에 있어서는 600원 이 었다.
6. 70個大學中 學生結核管理를 하고 있는 大學은 45.7% (32個大學)이었고 大學生 肺結核 有病率은 學生 1,000名當 6.0이었다.
7. 70個大學中 學生醫療共濟組合을 運營하는 大學은 11個大學이었으며 1個固單科大學을 除外하고는 全部가 綜合大學校이었다.
8. 大學學生醫療共濟組合에서 주는 學生醫療惠澤은 外來 및 入院診療患者에 한하여 大學에 따라 20 ~ 80% 이었다.
9. 醫療上限金額은 大學에 따라 外來診療에 있어 5,000원부터 無限定까지 이며 入院診療에 있어 30,000원부터 無限定까지 책정하고 있었다.;A survey was carried out in order to know the status of student health service and student medical insurance of universities and colleges in Korea from 1 July to 30 September, 1978. And the following results were obtained;
1. Out of seventy universities and colleges, 54.8% of them had student health service facility such as student health center(30.0%) and health room(24.8%).
2. Out of twenty-seven national and public universities and colleges, 44.4% of them had student health service facility and out of forty-three private universities and colleges, 60.5% of them had student health service facilities.
3. Each of 80.0% of 25 universities, 43.3% of 30 colleges and 33.3% of 15 junior colleges had student health service facility.
4. Major roles of student health service were physical examination (92.1%), health counselling(86.8%), primary medical care(78.9%), tuberculosis control(68.4%), insect and rodent control(52.6%), parasite control(47.4%), water source control(44.7%), and dental health care(28.9%).
5. Out of 21 universities and colleges. 66.7%, of them had full time doctor and 81.0% of them had full time nurse for student health center. And out of 17 universities and colleges, 5.9% of them had full time doctor and 35.3% of them had full time nurse for student health room.
6. The range of health fee was varied from 100 won to 1,400 won per student per semester and the average was 520 won.
7. Among 55 universities and colleges, 78.6% of them had carried out annual physical examination in 1977 and the rate of physical examination was 57.4%.
8. Out of 70 universities and colleges, 45.7% of them had tuberculosis control program and the prevalence rate was 6.0 per 1,000 students.
9. Student medieal insurance program was developed by ten universities and one college among 25 universities and 45 colleges.
10. Student medical insurance benefits was varied according to university and college or the reduction rate of medical fee was 20% to 80% for not only in-patient but also out-patient.
11. The upper limit of pay claims was varied according to the university and college from 5,000 won to no-limitation for out-patient and from 30,000 won to no-limitation for inpatient.
12. The highest utility rate of student medical insurance program was found in university ""F"" with the rate of 791 for out-patient and 12 for admitted patient per each 1,000 students.
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