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김광균시의 현상학적 연구

김광균시의 현상학적 연구
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대학원 국어국문학과
이화여자대학교 대학원
한 文學作品을 探究할 때 그 作家의 力動的인 想像力을 좇아 그의 意識의 志向性을 밝히고, 그 意識의 出發點에서부터 우리의 全 心魂을 흔드는 具體的인 美的 感動을 追跡해가는 批評 作業인 이미지의 現象學을 通하여 本 論文은 金光均의 詩 世界를 열어보았다. 1930年代 韓國 modernism 詩 運動의 影響下에서 金光均의 詩를 考察하여 왔던 思潮的이고 表層的인 從前의 硏究와는 달리, 本 論文은 序論에서 살아있는 한 作家의 意識과 그의 對象인 事物과의 原初的인 經驗을 통해 그 作家의 存在意識을 作品 內에서 찾고자하는 現代批評의 한 方法論인 意識批評 (혹은 主題批評)을 敍述하였다. Ⅱ章에서는 金光均의 詩에 나타나 있는 “눈(雪)”의 現象學的 이미지들에 의해 그의 特權的 이미지가 이루어지고 있는 것을 찾아보았고, Ⅲ章에서는 金光均의 物質的 想像力에 따라서 그의 主題인 重力 拒否의 視線에 의해 把握될 수 있는 그의 詩의 깊이가 바로 現存不在의 結晶作用이라는 것을 Ⅳ章에서 살펴보았다. 作家의 意識을 重視하는 이 批評方法을 통해 볼 때 金光均의 詩가 massage 傳達의 詩로 評價될 수 있는 詩가 아니라, 現象學的 角度에서 考察한 그의 存在意識으로서 그의 詩的空間을 把握하고 그의 本質的인 詩의 世界를 그의 意識의 出發點과 더불어 理解해야 한다는 것이다.;In this study of the literary works of Kim Kwang-Kyun, an attempt has been made to explain the flow of his conciousness by probing into his dynamic imagination. This thesis seeks to delve into the poetic world of Kim Kwang-Kyun through the phenomenology of images, which must necessarily be the form of criticism used in pursuing the vivid and aesthetic impressions with which the author so moves his readers. Rather than using the studies of Kim Kwang-Kyun's poetry conducted under the 1930's Korean poetry movement which overly emphasized literary trends and external form, this analysis has utilized the criticism of consciousness (or thematic criticism), a branch of modern criticism dealing with the author's existence in relation to his consciousness, material objects, and his basic experiences. Chapter Ⅱ consists of a discussion of the main phenomenological images of ""Snow""a recurrent image in Kim Kwang-Kyun's poetry. Chapter Ⅲ Consists of an analysis of 65 of Kim Kwang-Kyun's poems, specifically, in regards to his treatment of weight, colour, light, heat, and speed. This imagery was formed according to his physical imagination and has been dealt with as it relates to the systematic organization of his poetry. By examining on the view of his denial of the properties of weight, chapter Ⅳ draws conclusions about the total crystallization of the negation of being, and thereby, the true meaning of Kim Kwang-Kyun's poetry. Reviewing the special qualities of his poetry according to modern criticism, which seeks to use a critical method emphasizing the writer's consciousness, Kim Kwang-Kyun's poetry is not of the type that evaluates or conveys a special message. From a phenomenological respect it has been possible to perceive his poetic space through the study of his consciousness of existence. This has allowed an understanding of the intrinsic nature of his poetic world, together with an understanding of the point of departure of his consciousness.
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