View : 15 Download: 0

夫婦相互間의 意思流通관 家庭生活 幸福度와의 關係에 관한 硏究

Title
夫婦相互間의 意思流通관 家庭生活 幸福度와의 關係에 관한 硏究
Other Titles
(A) Study of the influence of marital communication on the home management and the happiness of home life
Authors
朴慶子.
Issue Date
1981
Department/Major
교육대학원 가정과교육전공
Keywords
가정관리부부상호작용커뮤니케이션
Publisher
이화여자대학교 교육대학원
Degree
Master
Abstract
本 硏究는 円滿한 家庭生活을 위해서 夫婦相互間의 意思疏通(Communication)이 무엇보다 重要하다는 点에 着眼하여 우리나라 家庭이 漸次 夫婦中心이 核家族으로 變化함에 따라 核家族化가 가장 많이 進展되었다고 생각되는 서울에 살고 있는 結婚한 主婦들을 對象으로 本 硏究者가 作成한 夫婦相互間의 「意思疏通檢査」와 L.M.Terman의 硏究에 依한 牛島의 「家庭生活의 幸福度檢査」를 實施한 후 對象者들의 意思疏通程度와 幸福度에 影響을 주는 諸要因과는 어떠한 相關이 있는가를 살펴보았다. 意思疏通程度를 알아보기 위하여 家庭生活의 領域을 ①衣生活 ②食生活 ③住生活 ④經濟生活 ⑤子女問題 ⑥愛情生活의 6가지 內容으로 區分하고 個個의 內容別 領域을 家庭管理過程(Management Cycle)에 따라 ①計劃 ②調整 ③統制 ④指導 ⑤評價의 5가지 段階別 過程으로 나누어 夫婦相互間의 意思疏通程度를 測定했으며 家庭生活의 幸福度檢査를 위해서는 夫婦相互間의 意見一致度와 幸福度에 影響을 주는 諸要因別檢査를 實施하였다. 本 硏究의 目的인 夫婦相互間의 意思疏通程度와 家庭生活의 幸福度와의 相關關係를 파악하기 위하여 意思疏通程度, 意見一致度, 幸福度가 ①메리지·엔카운터(Marriage Encounter: M·E) 意思疏通敎育을 받은 夫婦, ②M·E이외의 其他 意思疏通敎育을 받은 夫婦 ③意思疏通敎育을 전혀 받지 않은 夫婦의 세 集團에 있어 어떠한 差異가 있는 가를 알아보았다. ①Marriage Encounter敎育을 받은 主婦 228名(34.7%) ②M·E이외의 意思疏通敎育을 받은 主婦67名(10.2%) ③意思疏通敎育을 전혀 받지 않은 主婦365名(55.2%)을 對象으로 夫婦相互間의 意思疏通程度檢査, 家庭生活의 幸福度檢査를 實施하여 IBM의 電算시스템인 SPSS프로그램을 利用하여 統計處理하였다. 本 硏究에서 糾明하고자 하는 問題는 다음과 같다. 1. 夫婦相互間의 意思疏通程度에 있어서 (1) 年齡, 敎育水準, 子女數, 家族形態, 結婚生活期間에 따른 意思疏通程度는 어떠한 차이가 있는가 (2) 計劃, 調整, 統制, 指導, 評價의 各 過程別 意思疏通程度는 어떠한 差異가 있는가 (3) 意思疏通敎育 受講集團의 意見一致度와 內容別, 段階別 意思疏通程度는 全體 意思疏通程度와 어떠한 差異가 있는가 2. 家庭生活의 幸福度에 있어서 (1) 年齡, 敎育水準, 子女數, 家族形態, 結婚生活期間에 따른 意思疏通程度는어떠한 差異가 있는가 (2) 幸福度와 意見一致度는 幸福度에 影響을 미치는 諸要因別로 어떠한 差異가 있는가 (3) 意思疏通敎育 受講夫婦集團의 幸福度는 다른 集團에 비해 어떠한 差異가 있는가 3. 夫婦相互意見 一致度는 家族形態 子女數, 職業에 따라 어떠한 差異가 있는가 4. 內容別, 段階別 全體意思疏通程度가 幸福 諸要因에 따라 어떠한 差異가 있는가 5. 夫婦相互間 意思疏通程度와 家庭生活幸福度와는 어떠한 相關關係가 있는가 調査結果는 다음과 같다. 1. 夫婦相互間의 意思疏通程度를 볼 때 (1) 年齡, 敎育水準, 子女數, 家族形態, 結婚生活期間에 따른 意思疏通程度는 모두 有意한 差異를 나타내지 못했다. (2) 計劃, 調整, 統制, 指導, 評價過程에 있어서의 意思疏通程度는 評價過程이 가장 낮았고 그다음 計劃過程이 낮았으며 統制過程의 意思疏通程度가 가장 높았다. (3) 意思疏通敎育 受講夫婦集團이 意見一致度, 內容別 意思疏通過程, 段階別 意思疏通過程, 全體意思疏通過程에서 모두 平均点數가 有意하게(P<0.01) 높았다. 2. 家庭生活의 幸福度를 볼 때 (1) 年齡, 敎育水準, 子女數, 家族形態, 結婚生活期間에 따른 幸福度는 모두 有意한 差異가 없었다. (2) 幸福度와 意見一致度의 差異는 幸福 諸要因의 平均点數差와 有意하게 나타났다. (3) 意思疏通敎育 受講夫婦集團의 幸福度는 M·E이외의 意思疏通敎育 受講夫婦集團이나 意思疏通敎育 非受講夫婦集團보다 有意하게(P<0.01) 높았다. 3. 夫婦相互間의 意見一致度는 家族形態, 子女數, 職業에 따라 모두 有意한 差異가 없었다. 4. 各 過程別 意思疏通程度는 幸福度에 影響을 미치는 諸要因에 따라 有意(P<0.01)한 差異가 나타났다. 5. 夫婦相互間의 意思疏通点數는 家庭生活의 幸福度点數와 相關係數가 0.46으로 매우 높은 相關을 보였다.;This study was made to observe the correlation of the degree of marital communication with the factors influencing the degree of happiness, especially paying attention to the fact that the marital communication is the most important in leading a happy home life. For this study, the Research on Marital Commucation was made on the married women living in Seoul where the nuclear family system is considered to have been developed most, with the gradual change of typical Korean family into couple-oriented nuclear family. And the Research on the Happiness of Home Life made by Ushima on the basis of L. T. Terman's theory was also utilized for this study. To observe the degree of communication, the scope of home life was classified into six sections ; clothing life, food life, housing life, economic life, problems with children, and sexual life. According to the home management cycle, each section of the home life scope was divided into five sub-sections ; planning, coordination, control, guidance, and evaluation. Meanwhile, to observe the happiness of home life, the survey on the factors influencing marital consensus and happiness was made. To get hold of the correlation of the degree of marital communication with that of happiness, which is the aim of this study, the research on the differences of the following three groups in the degree of communication, consensus, and happiness was made : (1) Married couples who received the Marriage Encounter (ME) education for communication. (2) Those who received the education for communication other than ME. (3) Those who received no education for communication. Both the research on the degree of marital communication and that on the degree of happiness of home life were made on 228 housewives (34.7 %) who received the ME education, 67 housewives (10.2 %) who received the education other than ME., and 365 housewives (55.2 %) who received no education. The data were processed statistically by use of the SPSS Program, the electronic calculation system of IBM. The following problems were suggested in this study: 1. Concerning the degree of marital communication (1) What are the differences of communication degree by age, level of education, numper of children, type of family, and duration of marriage? (2) What are the differences of communication degree by planning, coordination, control, guidance, and evaluation? (3) What are the differences between the consensus degree of ME-educated group and the total communication degree, and between the communication degree by section and sub-section and the total communication degree? 2. Concerning the degree of happiness of home life (1) What are the differences of communication degree by age, level of education, number of children, type of family, and duration of marriage? (2) What are the differences of happiness and. consensus degrees by factor influencing the degree of happiness? (3) Compared with other groups, what are the differences of ME-educated group of couples? 3. What are the differences of marital consensus degree by type of family, number of children, and occupation? 4. According to the factors influencing happiness, what are the differences of total communication degree by section and sub-section? 5. What are the correlations of marital communication degree with the happiness degree of home life? The results of this study are as follows: 1. As to the degree of marital communication (1) The degree of communication attendant upon age, level of education, type of family and duration of marriage showed no significant differences. (2) In the sub-sections such as planning, coordination, control, guidance and evaluation, the degree of communication was the lowest in evaluation, the second lowest in planning, and the highest in control. (3) The mean score of ME- educated group of couples was significantly high in all the aspects of consensus degree, communication degree bv section, communication degree by sub-section, and total communication degree. (p<0.01) 2. As to the happiness degree of home life (1) The degree of happiness attendant upon age, level of education, number of children, type of family and duration of marriage showed no significant differences. (2) The degree of happiness and that of consensus showed significant difference from the mean score of factors influencing happiness. (3) The happiness degree of ME-educated group of couples was significantly higher than that of the group that had received the education for communication other than ME or that of the group ,hat had received no education for communication. (p 0.01) 3. The degree of marital consensus attendant upon type of family, number of children and occupation showed no significant differences. 4. According to the factors influencing the degree of happiness, the degree of communication by seotion and sub-section showed significant differences. (P<0.01) 5. The degree of marital communication showed very high correlation with that of happiness, with the correlation being 0.46.
Fulltext
Show the fulltext
Appears in Collections:
교육대학원 > 가정과교육전공 > Theses_Master
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Export
RIS (EndNote)
XLS (Excel)
XML


qrcode

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

BROWSE