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Alexander Calder와 George Rickey의 mobile에 關한 硏究

Title
Alexander Calder와 George Rickey의 mobile에 關한 硏究
Other Titles
(A) Study on the mobile of Alexander Calder and George Rickey
Authors
李昇恩.
Issue Date
1982
Department/Major
대학원 순수미술과
Keywords
Alexander CalderGeorge Rickeymobile
Publisher
이화여자대학교 대학원
Degree
Master
Abstract
現代 彫刻에서, 運動의 表現은 중요한 課題이며 광범하게 追求되고 있다. 또한 實際로 움직이는 運動表現에 있어서, 多樣한 形式과 方法에 對하여 硏究 할 必要가 있다. 本 硏究의 目的은 Alexander Calder와 George Rickey의 Mobile에 表現된 構成形式과 接合方法을 比較硏究하여 두 作家의 運動의 特性을 糾明하는 데 있다. 두 作家의 作品 중, 運動의 特性을 具體的으로 나타낸 作品 36点을 目的表出하여, 運動에 의해 變化된 形態를 提示하면서, 構成形式과 接合方法을 比較한 結果, 두 作家의 運動의 特性은 다음과 같다. 構成形式에 의한 比較에서, A.Calder의 Mobile은 有機的 形態의 面과 鐵線으로 均衡의 原理에 의한 段階的 構成으로 이루어 졌으며, G.Rickey의 Mobile은 線과 面의 幾何學的 形態에 의한 區劃된 空間에서, 각 要素들의 獨立된 構成으로 이루어 졌다. 接合方法에 의한 比較에서, A.Calder는 有機的 形態를 連結하여 주는 鐵線의 이음을 Chain으로 接合시켰으며, G.Rickey는 幾何學的 形態의 連結部分을 Bearing으로 接合시켰다. 이러한 構成形式과 接合方法에 의한 運動의 特性으로, A.Calder는 有機的 關係에 의한 段階的 構成으로 連鎖的 運動과 Chain의 接合으로 回轉運動을 可能하게 하였으며, G.Rickey는 각 要素들의 獨立된 構成으로 分割的 運動과 Bearing의 接合으로 움직임의 정밀한 調節로서, 上下運動을 통한 反復으로 運動의 常角軌道를 限定하여 주었다. 이와같이, A.Calder와 G.Rickey의 氣流에 의한 Mobile의 運動表現은 各自 特有한 構成形式과 接合方法에 의하여, 各各 獨自的인 特性을 나타내어 준다.;In modern sculpture, the expression of movement is important and is studied in various ways. In the expression of movement which is actually moving, it is nessessary to study the various forms and methods. The aim of this thesis is to study the formal structures and conjunctional methods of mobile, comparing Alexander Calder with George Rickey, and to precribe the characteristics of movents which are expressed by two artists. At first, 36 works of two artists that concretely represent the characteristics of movement were selected. And comparing them with one another in the formal structures and conjunctional methods, and suggesting the forms which are altered by movement, I could get the characteristics as following: In comparison of the formal structures, Calder's mobile is composed of organic formal surface and wire in the hierarchical structure on the basis of the principle of balance, and Rickey's is composed of many independent elements sectioned by the geometrical forms like line and surface in the space. In comparison of the conjunctional methods, Calder conjoined the wire that attaches the. organic forms with Chain, and Rickey conjoined the geometrical joint part with bearing. As a result, Calder makes the linking and revolving movements possible by hierarchical structure with organic relation and joint of chain, and Rickey limits the movemental orbit by the repeated sectioned and vertical movements which are attained by the structure of independent elements and the elaborate control with bearing. Cadler's and Rickey's expressions of movement of mobile by the current of air are characterized by the uniqueness of their formal structures and conjunctional methods.
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