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兒童室의 色彩가 兒童에게 미치는 影響에 關한 硏究

Title
兒童室의 色彩가 兒童에게 미치는 影響에 關한 硏究
Other Titles
(A) Study on theh effects of child room's colors upon the child
Authors
沈善明.
Issue Date
1982
Department/Major
대학원 장식미술학과
Keywords
아동실색채색채영향아동특성
Publisher
이화여자대학교 대학원
Degree
Master
Abstract
本 論文은 아동방의 室內色彩環境의 차이에 따라 使用者(兒童)의 活動패턴(Pattern), 性格, 意識構造 등이 어떻게 달리 나타나는가를 比較 檢討하여 兒童방의 室內色彩 基準案을 提供하기 위함에 目的이 있다. 本 論文의 進行過程은 兒童의 전반적인 特性과 色彩影響에 關한 考察을 하므로써 硏究展開의 방향성을 얻고, 使用者(兒童)들의 室內色彩環境과 活動, 性格, 意識構造의 相互關聯性을 社會調査를 통하여 統計處理方法(x^(2) - Test)으로 分析하여 아동방의 室內色彩 기준안의 기본적인 자료를 제공하려는 것이다. 1. 活動(活動性>非活動性)의 集團間 차이를 보면 남자아동은 푸른색集團>황색集團>분홍색集團>흰색集團>의 순으로, 여자아동은 황색集團>흰색集團>분홍색集團>푸른색集團의 순으로 유의성이 檢證되었다. 2. 性格의 (積極的>消極的) 集團間 차이를 살펴보면 남자아동은 푸른색·황색集團>분홍색集團>흰색集團으로, 여자아동은 분홍색集團>황색集團>흰색集團>푸른색集團의 관계로 유의성이 檢證되었다. 3. 意識構造(素質은 活動性>非活動性)에 따른 集團間의 차이를 살펴보면 남자아동은 푸른색集團·분홍색集團>황색集團>흰색集團의 순이였으며, 여자아동은 흰색集團>황색集團·분홍색集團>푸른색集團과 같이 다르게 나타났으며, 색채기호도에 대해서도 남녀 모두 集團別에 따라 다르게 나타났다. 以上과 같이 兒童의 活動, 性格, 意識構造등이 集團別에 따라 다르게 나타났으며, 또한 同一한 色彩環境에서도 남녀 아동에게 각기 다른 影響力을 미치고 있음을 알 수 있었다. 이에 보다 적절한 아동방 실내 색채환경을 위해서는, 먼저 使用者(兒童)의 성별, 活動, 性格등을 잘 把握한 後에 室內色彩計劃이 이루어져야 할 것이다.;This study intends to provide by analysing how a child's indoor color environment is effected upon the child's patterns of activity, character and consciousness structure, the data needed for the establishment of the standard indoor colors for the child room. The objectives of study includes a review of children's general idiosyncrasies and the effects of colors upon the child, and an analysis of the correlation among a child's indoor color environment, character, consciousness structure by the utilization of questionaire poll and by X^(2)-test, and providing the basic data needed for standard interior colors for the child. The resultant findings are as follows: 1) With regard to the difference of activities (activeness>inactiveness) by color among groups, boys show in the significance test their responses in order of blue group>yellow group>pink group>white group; and girls show their responses in order of yellow group>white group>pink group>blue group. 2. With regard to the difference of character (positive>negative) among groups, boys show in the significance test their responses in order of blue group>yellow group>pink group>white group; and girls show in the significance test their responses in order of pink group>yellow group>white group>blue group. 3. Pertaining to the difference of consciousness structure (in temperament, activeness>inactiveness) among groups, boys show their responses in order of blue & pink group>yellow group>white group; and girls show such different responses as white group>yellow & pink group>blue group. And color preference varies with groups. As aforementioned, children's activities, characters, consciousness structures vary with groups. And simultaneously it is shown that colors have different influences upon groups by sex. It seems recommendable that an appropriate color plan should be made that is suitable for the child's sex, activities and character for the purpose of effective indoor color environment for the child.
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