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韓國産 산호蟲類의 分類에 關하여

Title
韓國産 산호蟲類의 分類에 關하여
Other Titles
(A )study on the classification of the Korean anthozoa
Authors
宋浚任.
Issue Date
1975
Department/Major
대학원 생물학과
Publisher
이화여자대학교 대학원
Degree
Master
Abstract
1. 본인은 한국산 산호충류를 분류하기 위하여 1973년부터 1975년 7월까지 황해의 작약도, 남해의 서귀포와 미포, 동해의 구룡포에서 본인에 의해 채집된 재료들과 1962년부터 1972년까지 남한의 10개 지역에서 채집되어 본교 생물학과에 보관되어 있는 재료들을 사용하였다. 2. 재료들은 5시간 정도 어두운 곳에서 멘톨(menthol)에 마취시킨 다음 70~80% 알코올에 보존하였다. 동정·분류를 위하여 내부·외부형태를 관찰한 다음 공육(共肉)과 폴립(Polyp)은 차아염소산나토리움(NaC₁O) 10%용액에 녹혔으며 이때 얻은 골편은 증류수로 수회 씻은 다음 탈수시켜 카나다 발삼으로 봉입하여 현미경으로 관찰하였다. 3.채집된 재료들을 동정·분류한 결과 모두 3목 9과 14속 27종 이었으며 이들은 모두 한국 미기록종으로써 다음과 같다. Order Alcyonaces 해계두 목 Family Alcyoniidae 바다맨드라미 과 Bellonella rubra Brundin, 1896 바다딸기 Bellonella rigida Pu¨tter, 1900 곤봉바다딸기 Bellonella unicolor(Ku¨kenthal 1906) 빨강바다딸기 Alcyonium gracilliumu Ku¨kenthal, 1906 분홍바다맨드라미 Family Nephtheidae 곤봉바다맨드라미 과 Paraspongodes spiculoea(Ku¨kenthal, 1906) 침해면맨드라미 Paraspongodes hirotai(Utinomi, 1951) 빨강해면맨드라미 Dendronephthya pectinata(Holm, 1895) 빗살수지맨드라미 Family Nidaliidae 둥우리산호 과 Siphonogorgia dofleini Ku¨kenthal, 1906 등색관산호 Order Gorgonacea 해양 목 Family Acanthogorgiidae 가시산호 과 Acalycigorgia inermis(Hedlund, 1890) 민가시산호 Acalycigorgia grandiflora Ku¨kenthal & Gorzawaky, 1908 큰민가시산호 Acalycigorgia irregularis Ku¨kenthal & Gorzawsky, 1908 가는민가시산호 Acalycigorgia dofleini Ku¨kenthal & Gorzawsky, 1908 가시산호 Acalycigorgia japonica Ku¨kenthal & Gorzawsky, 1908 일본가시산호 Acalycigorgia multispina Ku¨kenthal & Gorzawsky, 1908 다가시산호 Acalycigorgia spissa Ku¨kenthal, 1909 숲가시산호 Acalycigorgia gracillima Ku¨kenthal, 1909 가는가시산호 Order Pennatulaces 해세 목 Family Veretillidae 바다선인장 과 Cavernularia obesa Milne Edwards & Hailme, 1857 바다선인장 Family Echinoptilidae 가시선인장 과 Echinoptilum macintoshi Hubrecht, 1885 가시선인장 Family Virgulariidae 버들조름 과 Scytalium splendens(Thomson & Henderson, 1906) 뱀버들조름 Balticina willemoesi(Ko¨lliker) 긴버들조름 Virgularia gustaviana(Herklots) 버들조름 Virgularia halisceptrum(Broch) 바다버들조름 Virgularia juncea(Pallas) 골풀바다조름 Family Pennatulidae 바다조름 과 Leioptilue fimbriatus(Herklots, 1858) 바다조름 Family Pteroeididae 가시조름 과 Pteroeides sparmanni Ko¨lliker, 1872 가시조름 Pteroeides tenerum Ko一lliker, 1872 긴가시조름 4. 27종의 한국 미기록종에 대하여는 기재를 하였고, 이해를 돕기 위하여 도판을 마련하였다. 도판에서 군체의 외형(1눈금은 1cm를 표시함)은 보통사진기로, 폴립은 해부현미경사진장치, 골편은 광학현미경사진장치를 이용하였다.;1. In order to classify the Korean anthozoa, the author examined the materials which were collected at Jagyag-do in the Yellow Sea, Seogwipo and Mipo in the South Sea, and Guryongpo in the East Sea by the author during the period from 1973 to July, 1975. The author examined also the others which were collected from 10 localities in the coastal seas of Korea during the period from 1962 to 1972 and preserved in Department of Biology, Ewha Womans University. 2. The materials were anesthetized by menthol for 5 hours in the dark place, and then preserved in 70-80% solution of alcohol. To identify and classify the materials, the author observed the internal and external features, dissolved coenosac and polyps in 10% solution of NaCl0. The remaining spicules were washed off with a distilled water several times, dehydrated, mounted with Canada balsam, and observed with microscope. 3. The results of the identification and classification were turned out to be 27 species, 14 genera, nine (9) families, and three (3) orders. They were all unrecorded species in Korean anthozoa fauna. They are as follows : Order Alcyonacea Family Alcyoniidae Bellonella rubra Brundin, 1896 Bellonella rigida Fu¨tter, 1900 Bellonella unicolor (Ku¨kenthal, 1916) Alcyonium gracillimum Ku¨kenthal, 1906 Family Nephtheidae Paraspongodes spiculosa (Ku¨kenthal 1906) Paraspongodes hirotai (Utinomi, 1951) Dendronephthya pectinata (Holm, 1895) Family Nidaliidae Siphonogorgia dofleini Ku¨kenthal, 1906 Order Gorgonacea Family Acanthogorgiidae Acalycigorgia inermis (Hedlund, 1890) Acalycigorgia grandiflora Ku¨kenthal & Gorzawsky, 1908 Acalycigorgia irregularis Ku¨kenthal & Gorzawsky, 1908 Acalycigorgia radians Ku¨kenthal & Gorzawsky, 1908 Acanthogorgia dofleini Ku¨kenthal & Gorzawsky, 1908 Acanthogorgia japonica Ku¨kenthal & Gorzawsky, 1908 Acanthogorgia multispina Ku¨kenthal & Gorzawsky, 1908 Acanthogorgia spissa Ku¨kenthal, 1909 Acanthogorgia gracillima Ku¨kenthal, 1909 Order Pennatulacea Family Veretillidae Cavernularia obesa Milne Edwards & Hailme, 1857 Family Echinoptilidae Echinoptilum macintoshi Hubrecht, 1885 Family Virgulariidae Scytalium splendens (Thomson & Henderson, 1916) Balticina willemoesi (Ko¨lliker) Virgularia gustaviana (Herklots) Virgulatia halisceptrum (Broch) Virgularia juncea (Pallas) Family Pennatulidae Leioptilus fimbriatus (Herklots, 1858) Family Pteroeididae Pteroeides sparmanni Ko¨lliker, 1872 Pteroeides tenerum Ko¨lliker, 1872 4. The 27 unrecorded species were described and were prepared the plates. In the plates, the external forms of the colony were taken with camera, the polyps were taken with a stereomicroscopic camera, and the spicules from parts of colony were taken with a microscopic camera.
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