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更生保護事業과 出所者의 社會適應에 관한 연구

Title
更生保護事業과 出所者의 社會適應에 관한 연구
Other Titles
(A) study on the rehabilitation activities and the offenders' resocialization : centering with the four rehabilitative groups in Seoul
Authors
金金奎.
Issue Date
1980
Department/Major
대학원 사회사업학과
Keywords
갱생보호사업사회적응출소자
Publisher
이화여자대학교 대학원
Degree
Master
Abstract
本 論文은 出所者의 更生保護를 通한 社會 適應의 몇가지 要因을 究明하여 보았다. 따라서 出所者 가 社會에서 부딪치는 問題들 卽 自身, 家庭, 地域社會에서의 갈등을 알아 봄으로써 거기에 適合한 更生保護 方法을 모색하고 또한 更生 保護事業에 있어서 社會事業家의 역할이 무엇인가를 찾아 보기 위해 試圖되었다. 硏究의 對象은 更生保護事業을 實施하고 있는 기관이나 단체에서 保護를 받고 있는 出所者들로써, 이들을 保護別로 나누어 院內 保護者는 更生保護會 서울支部 收容保護者와 自活 勤勞隊에서 51名, 院內 保護者는 更生保護會 서울支部 觀察保護者와 民間團體인 大韓 어머니회의 신우회, 個人모임인 一心 自活會에서 47名을 對象으로 調査하였다. 1. 調査 結果는 다음과 같다. (1) 出所者의 人的事項과 犯罪歷 연령은 26~30세가 가장 많았으며 院內 保護者의 연령이 조금 낮게 나타났다. 學歷은 國文 해독과 國卒이 院內 70%, 院外 72%로 低學歷이 압도적이다. 犯行 理由는 生活費 充當이 많았고 罪名은 대부분 절도와 폭행이었다. 出所後 1年 以內에 再犯할 可能性이 높았다. (2) 家庭生活 院外 保護者의 移動 回數가 잦았으며 經濟的인 문제가 심각했다. 出所 前과 後의 家庭 變化는 기혼자의 경우 家庭的인 파탄을 맞는 出所者가 많았다. 家族關係는 원만하지 못한 夫婦生活에 比하여 子女와는 좋은 관계를 유지하고 있었다. (3) 地域社會와의 關係 出所 後 職業 斡旋處는 本人이 직접 구하기는 힘들었고 기관이나 단체에서 알선한 경우가 많았다. 就職을 못한 理由는 技術이 없기 때문이며 그나마 技術이 있어도 前科者라는 낙인 때문에 就業이 어려웠다. 現在 職業은 거의가 單純 노동이었으며 無職도 無視할 수 없는 숫자이다. 술은 대체로 많이 마셨으며 특히 院外 保護者의 34%가 혼자 마신다는 것은 院內 保護者보다 社會適應에 對한 不安이 큰 것으로 사료된다. 地域社會 참여는 대부분 法的인 行事에만 참여하였고 出所者들은 社會人이 不信, 경계, 냉대한다고 생각하였다. (4) 自身의 價値觀과 未來觀 지금 가장 원하는 것은 社會의 따뜻한 情이었고 앞으로의 계획은 45%가 긍정적이었고 나머지는 앞길에 대해 不安해 하거나 자포자기하고 있는 것으로 나타났다. 이들에게 更生의 길을 열어줄 수 있는 社會的 뒷받침이 절실히 요구되는 바이다. 이러한 出所者들의 社會適應 문제해결을 위해서는 우선 更生保護制度의 改善이 시급하다. 우리나라도 保護를 위해 社會事業기관 및 民間團體에도 政府의 財政的인 지원이 必要하다. 끝으로 國家의 出所者에 대한 시민 계몽과 出所者의 復權조치가 이루어져야 한다. 위와 같은 제도적 뒷받침 하에서 社會事業家는 個別, 集團, 地域社會 組織에 依한 接近을 시도할 수 있을 것이다.;The purpose of this study is to help the offenders' rehabilitations through the rehabilitation activities and to research the problems and appropriate methods of rehabilitation. Therefore, this study has been carried out to examine the dilemmas the offenders are faced with when they return to the community. Difficult problems occur in offenders themselves, in their home, and in the community. And also, this study tried to find out the suitable method of their rehabilitation and the social worker's role there. The object of the study is the offenders who are in custody of rehabilitation institutions, which is divided in two groups indoor custody (51 offenders) and outdoor custody (47 offenders). The result of the study is as follows : (1) Personal description and crime history of offenders. Most of the offenders was in the age group of 26-30. Offenders' academic careers were in the level of elementary school. Most of the reason of crime was due to economic problem and the names of crime were mainly theft and violence. And the possible period to the second offense was within one year. (2) Home life The removal times were more frequent in outdoor custody than indoor one. And the reasons of frequent moving were chiefly due to economic problems. The married life of the offenders were not happy because of their wives' abscondence after their release. But the relation with their children was in harmony as compared with the relation between man and wife. (3) Relation with the community The way of employment was mostly by social institutions and associations, rarely by themselves. The main reason of a jab shortage was that they have no special technic, and even they have any technic they were treated unkindly because of a criminal record. Most of their current job was a simple work and the Jobless men were also a large number. The offenders, on the whole, drunk much and 34% of the outdoor custody said that they drunk alone. The reason is that the outdoor custody have much feelings of anxiety for resocialization than that of the indoor custody. Most of the offenders attended only to legal meeting and have little relations with the people in the community. Many offenders thought that the member of society distrusted, treated unkindly, and admonished them. (4) Offenders' thought for values and future. Offenders wished primarily warm offection of the people. And 45% of the offenders had positive thought in their future, the remainers thought negatively. So, social policy of the offenders' rehabilitation is much needed. The solution of the above results is primarily to improve our rehabilitation system like as American and Japanese system. The reform measures are as follows. It is necessary to adopt the compulsory after-care system. And the authorities concerned will have to mandate the offenders' rehabilitation custody to social welfare institutions and other private organizations with financial support. Finally, it is urgent to campaign for national enlightment against the offenders and to achieve the rehabilitation for old offender by government. After that, the social work approbch would be able to practice; case work, group work, and community organization.
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