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子女訓育에 關한 祖父母와 父母間의 分析硏究

Title
子女訓育에 關한 祖父母와 父母間의 分析硏究
Other Titles
(THE) ANALYTICAL STUDY BETWEEN GRANDPARENTS AND PARENTS ON CHILD DISCIPLINE : emphasis on parents
Authors
洪性殷.
Issue Date
1980
Department/Major
대학원 가정관리학과
Keywords
자녀훈육조부모부모
Publisher
이화여자대학교 대학원
Degree
Master
Abstract
本 硏究의 目的은 父母-子女關係에서 訓育方法을 中心으로 父母의 社會人口學的變因에 따른 祖父母世代와 父母世代間의 差異를 糾明하고자 함이다. 따라서 本 硏究에서 糾明하고자 하는 問題는 다음과 같다. 1. 全般的인 祖父母世代와 父母世代間의 차이는 어떻게 다른가? 2. 父母의 性別에 따른 祖父母世代와 父母世代間의 차이는 어떻게 다른가? 3. 父母의 年齡別에 따른 祖父母世代와 父母世代間의 차이는 어떻게 다른가? 4. 父母의 敎育程度別에 따른 祖父母世代와 父母世代間의 차이는 어떻게 다른가? 5. 父母의 收入程度別에 따른 祖父母世代와 父母世代間의 차이는 어떻게 다른가? 이 問題를 糾明하기 위하여 學齡前 兒童을 가진 父母 : 321名(父 : 145名, 母 : 176名)을 對象으로 하였는데 여기서 父와 母의 균등한 표집을 위해 각 유치원과 어린이집에서 父와 母로 半씩 나누어 부록에 있는 설문지를 배부하였다. 설문지는 Radke의 「Parents' Inventory」를 使用했으며 이를 5가지 尺度別로 統計處理하였다. 5가지 尺度는 다음과 같다. 1. 權威의 哲學(전제-민주) 2. 父母의 制限(엄격-이완) 3. 罰의 輕重(가혹하다-부드럽다) 4. 父母-子女間의 親熟度(좋다-나쁘다) 5. 同氣關係(調和-不調和) 그 結果 統計的으로 有意하게 나타난 事實은 다음과 같다. 1. 全般的인 두 世代間의 比較에서는, 父母世代가 祖父母世代에 比해 權威의 哲學尺度에서는 보다 民主的으로, 父母의 制限尺度에서는 보다 엄격하게, 罰의 輕重尺度에서는 보다 가혹하게 訓育하며, 父母 -子女間의 親熟度尺度에서는 보다 좋은 關係로 知覺하고 있다. 2. 父母의 性別에 따른 두 世代尙의 比較에 있어서, 權威의 哲學尺度에서는 父母世代의 母가 父보다 子女에게 더욱 民主的으로 訓育하며, 父母-子女間의 親熟度尺度에서는 보다 母가 自身의 父母와의 關係를 더 좋게 지각한다. 그러나 同氣關係尺度에서는 父가 母보다 自身의 子女의 同氣關係를 더 調和있게 知覺하고 있다. 3. 父母의 年齡에 따른 두 世代間의 比較에 있어서, 父母의 年齡이 적을수록 權威의 哲學尺度에서는 자기 子女에게 더욱 民主的으로 訓育하며, 父母-子女間의 親熟度尺度에서는 自身의 父母와의 關係를 더 좋게 知覺하고 있다. 4. 父母의 敎育程度에 따른 두 世代間의 比較에 있어서 父母의 制限尺度에서만 父母의 敎育程度가 높을수록 自己 子女에게 더욱 안이하게 制限하고 있다. 5. 父母의 收入程度에 따른 두 世代間의 比較에 있어서, 일정한 직선적인 추세는 보이지 않으나 父母의 收入이 많을수록 父母의 制限尺度에서는 自身의 父母로부터 안이한 制限을 받았다고 知覺하며, 父母-子女間의 親熟度尺度에서는 自身의 子女와의 關係를 더 좋다고 知覺하고 있다. 이 硏究에 나타난 世代間의 結果에서, 問項分析을 통해 추후 검토해야 하는 문제점이 있다. 즉 이들 尺度中 權威의 哲學尺度를 除外한 모든 尺度에 있어 問題의 內的合致度가 문제되었다. 이러한 內的合致度의 결여로 인하여 앞서 기술한 世代間의 比較 結果를 一意的으로 해석하기 어려워진다. 특히 父母의 制限尺度의 結果에서 지적된 問項의 문제점을 배제하며는 훨씬 이완된 것으로 나타날 가능성이 높다. 이런 問項의 不一致와 世代間의 問項數가 다름으로 인해 世代間의 結果해석에 문제를 제의해 준다.;The purpose of this study find out the differences of grandparents generation between parents generation according to parental social population variables in the point of view discipline methods of parent-child relation. With these purpose in mind, following problems have been suggested; 1. What are the general differences of grandparents generation between parents generation? 2. What are the differences of grandparents generation between parents generation according to sex? 3. What are the differences of grandparents generation between parents generation according to age? 4. What are the differences of grandparents generation between parents generation according to education lovel? 5. What are the differences of grandparents generation between parents generation accordidg to income? In order to gain answers to these problems, the parents (321 lpersons, to include father : 145 persons and mother : 176 persons) who had the preschool children were thken over the subject of investigation. Also, they were distributed to questionnaires in appendix for equal distribution among the fathers and the mothers in each kindergarten and house of children. The questionnaire was Parents' Inventory of Radke and analyzed with five scales. Five scales are as follows; 1. Philosophy of follows; (autocratic Vs. democratic) 2. Parental restriction. (strict, firm Vs. lax, easygoing) 3. Severity of purnishment. (severe Vs, mild) 4. Parent-child rapport. (good Vs. poor) 5. Sibling relationship. (harmonious Vs. inharmonious) The results of this study are follow; 1. In general comparison of two generations, the parents generation is more democratic in the scale of philosophy of authority, more strict in the scale of parental restriction, more severe in the scale of severity of purnishment, and good rapport in the scale of parents-child rapport than grandparents generation. 2. In comparison of two generations according to sex, the mother discipline their children more democratic in the scale of philosophy of authority and closely perceive her parents in the scale of parent-child rapport as compared with the father. On the other hand, the father is more harmonious in the scale of sibling relationship than the mother. 3. In comparison of two generations according to age, the less parents' age, the parents discipline more democratic in the scale of philosophy of authority, and perceive better relations of their parents in the scale of parent-child rapport than relation of their children. 4. In comparison of two generations according to education level as the education level is ranked higher, the parents allow easygoing to their children only in the scale of parental restriction. 5. In comparison of two generations according to income, as the parents have large income generally (not always) the parents were allowed easygoing from their privious generation in the scale of parental restriction, and they perceive that they have a good rapport their children in the scale of parent-child rapport. This study has some difficult problems which are required further investigation on research paper as to result of two generations. In all scales except the scale of philosophy of authority, the prolbems happened about inner unity of items. It is difficult to interpretate commonly results of comparison about two generations which is discribed privionsly because of deficiency of inner unity. Specially, if problems of items which are priviously described in result of parental restriction scale between two generations are excepted, it probably will have ample possibility which is comming relaxation. So, it propose some problems which are interpretation of the results between two generations because of discordance of items and unequality of items' number between two generations.
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