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도시가정의 생활의 질 측정에 관한 일연구

도시가정의 생활의 질 측정에 관한 일연구
Other Titles
(A) Study of Measurements of the Quality of Life in Urban Families
Issue Date
대학원 가정관리학과
이화여자대학교 대학원
생활의 질은 욕구충족을 위한 가치체계로 가정경영의 방향과 평가의 기본자료가 되며 행복증진을 위한 도구적 공헌을 할 수 있으므로 한 가정의 생활의 질을 측정함은 중요한 의의를 갖는다. 본 연구는 가정생활의 향상과 사회복지에 기여하기 위해 도시 가정의 생활의 질을 경험적으로 측정·분석하여 그 결과를 생활계획에 포함시켜 생활수준의 향상을 꾀함과 동시에 생활의 질 연구를 위한 기초자료를 마련하는데 의의와 목적이 있다. 본 연구는 문헌자료를 이론적 바탕으로 설문조사를 실시하였으며 Pearson의 적률상관분석, 중회귀분석, 일원변량분석으로 자료처리를 하였다. 본 연구 결과는 다음과 같다. 1. 생활의 질은 소득이 높을수록 높게 나타났으며, 생활의 질이 가장 높은 영역은 고소득층이 주거환경, 가사노동 중소득층이 건강, 주거환경 저소득층이 건강, 자녀교육순으로 밝혀졌고 가장 낮은 영역은 세소득층 모두 여가생활로 밝혀졌다. 2. 생활의 질은 남편과 주부의 교육수준이 높을수록, 남편의 직업이 전문직일수록 높게 나타났다. 3. 생활의 질에 대한 객관적 지표와 주관적 지표의 기여도는 매우 높았는데 전자보다 후자의 기여도가 약간 더 높았다. 객관적 지표의 경우 기여도가 가장 높은 영역은 가사노동, 가족관계 순이었고 가장 낮은 영역은 여가생활이었다. 주관적 지표의 경우는 중요도가 가장 높았다. 4. 생활의 질에 대한 객관적 지표와 주관적 지표의 관계는 매우 밀접하게 나타났고, 객관적 지표와 주관적 지표의 상관관계도 높게 나타났다. 본 연구 결과를 토대로 더 정확한 생활의 질을 측정하려면, 인간의 기본욕구 및 가치체계가 우선적으로 규명되고 이를 바탕으로 정형화·계량화된 생활의 질 지표 구성이 이루어져야 한다. 또한 생활의 질에 기여도가 높은 것으로 밝혀진 가사노동영역을 중심으로 가정관리측면에서의 가정생활의 질 연구가 요구된다.;The present paper aims at improving family and home life and social well-being as well. In order to satisfy these purposes, we measured and contrasted the quality of some urban families. And by incorporating the results that we found into our home life, we tried to know whether we can enhance the level of our life. At the same time, we made efforts to find out the relationships between the objective indicator and the subjective indicator regarding the quality of life. On the basis of our research, we established a foundation for a further study of quality of life. The significance of this paper will be found in there. The present work was conducted by means of analyzing questionaires. And the theoretical background was based on the research literatures collected. The frameworks we employed in the data analysis were Pearson's Correlation Analysis, Multiple Regression Analysis, One-way Analysis of Variance. The results gotten from what we have analyzed are as follows: 1. The quality of life of large income earners was better than those of small income earners. The ordering of the hierarchy of the class of the large income earners was Housing environment and Housework. And the ordering of the class of mid income earners as Health and Housing environment. Finally, the ordering of the lower income earners was Health and Child Education. And one that deserves our attention is that the one of the lowest domain of the three groups was marked by 'leisure Life' without exceptions. 2. The quality of life was marked 'high', if one's husband's/housewife's educational background was high. 3. The degree of contribution of the objective and subjective indicator to the quality of life was very high, But the degree of contribution of the former was little bit higher than that of the latter. In the case of the objective indicator, one of the highest domain in the degree of contribution was Housework and Family relation in its ordering, and the lowest was leisure life. In the case of subjective indicator, the degree of importance was marked as one of the highest domain. 4. The relationship between the objective indicator and the subjective indicator concerning the quality of life was closely ties Likewise, the relationship between the objective indicators each other was also the case. For a finer and more exact measurement of the quality of life, the basic desire of the human beings and the value system should be defined first and then formalized and quantified life quality indicator ought to be constituted on the basis of the value system we are talking about. Further, the problem of the quality of life should be studied more in a wider perspective in the field of Home Management by focusing the issues of Housework that has been proven as one of the most important contributions toward the quality of Life.
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