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韓國 傳統住宅의 室內마감에 관한 硏究

Title
韓國 傳統住宅의 室內마감에 관한 硏究
Other Titles
(A) STUDY ON THE KOREAN SIGNIFICANCE OF THE ARCHITECTURAL DETAILS & FINISHINGS OF TRADITIONAL HOUSING
Authors
洪眞卿
Issue Date
1985
Department/Major
대학원 장식미술학과
Keywords
한국주택전통주택실내마감실내장식
Publisher
이화여자대학교 대학원
Degree
Master
Abstract
本 論文은 오늘날 建築界의 趨勢인 國際主義의 退潮와 새로이 擡頭되는 民族自覺意識에 立脚한 "傳統의 繼承·發展"이라는 側面에서, 그 具現 方法의 하나로써 室內마감을 提示하기 위하여, 먼저 傳統的 室內마감材의 本質과 要素, 그것을 活用한 室內마감 方法을 考察하고, 現代建築 構造物에 活用하는 方法을 提示하는 것을 目的으로 한다. 本 論文은 韓國傳統住宅을 朝鮮時代 住宅으로 局限하고 다음과 같은 過程을 통하여 硏究를 進行하였다. 첫째, 韓國傳統住宅에서 室內마감의 原型이 무엇인지, 또한 이 原型은 어떠한 歷史的 過程을 거쳐 固有한 樣式으로 定型化 되었는가를 알아보기 위하여, 先史時代부터 高麗時代까지의 歷史的 흐름을 그 간의 發表된 文獻을 調査 整륵하여 살펴보았고, 둘째, 具體的으로는 室內를 構成하는 構造體別로, 空間의 情緖를 演出하는 直接的 要素인 室內마감짜들이 어떤 것들이 있으며, 또한 傳統住宅에서 어떠한 役割을 했는지, 그 特徵을 把握하기 위하여, 文獻的 資料들과 現在의 遺構들을 통하여 살펴보았다. 朝鮮時代는 崇儒抑佛을 國是로 한만큼 모든 社會制度의 基本이 儒敎思想으로 點綴되어 傳統住宅도 이와 같은 社會的 背景에 의하여, 朝鮮선비의 品格처럼 全體的인 雰圍氣가 그윽하고 靜的이며, 그 表現方法도 單純美와 素朴美에 重點을 두었음을 알았다. 또한 이와같 은 全體的인 空間情緖의 造成은 바로 室內마감과 마감材가 지닌 性品에 의해 左右되는 것임을 明白히 밝힐 수 있었다. <이후원문누락> 따라서 傳統의 室內마감 方法과 마감材를 傳統要素로서, 現代住宅 構造物에 再現하는 方法을 提示하기 위해 그 事例를 影像을통하여 說明하고, 인테리어 디자이너의 立場에서 더 나아가서 "世界 속에 韓國住宅"이라는 位置 確保를 위해 몇 가지 提言을 덧붙였다.;Today the architectural style has a tendency to be on the ebb of internationalizm, instead the new trend is to inherit and develop the traditional style on the ground to national self-processes this with I as a directed set. The objective of present thesis is: first, to survey the essence and factors of traditional interior finishing materials ; second, to investigate its techniques applied to traditional interior design; finally, to present the way how to apply to modern housing. Limiting the scope of present study to Korean traditional housing of the Yi Dynasty, the study were conducted as follows. 1. The historical flow of interior design from the prehistoric period to the Koryo period was observed through the existing literatures in order to see what the pattern of the architectural details and finishings of Korean traditional housing is and through what kind of historical processes this pattern has been settled down as its own style. 2. Concretely, it was observed through the Literatures and the existing relics that what kinds of finishing materials have been used as a direct component to create serene atmosphere in space and what kind of roles did they play in traditional housing. Since the Yi Dynasty adopted the national policy as restraining Buddhism and admiring Confucianism, the basis of all social systems had been influenced by the Confucian ideas. It was revealed social structure, the whole mood of traditional housing was peaceful and clam like the dignity of the Yi Dynasty scholors and the method of its expression put emphasis on simplicity and naivety. Also, it was found that the creation of serene atmosphere was mainly influenced by characteristics of the architectural details and finishings. Therefore in order to show the method how to integrate the inherited factors of traditional techniques of the architectural details and finishings into the modern housing, its typical examples were presented through the pictures. Finally, a few more suggestions from the view point of interior designer are added with the hope of securing solid position of Korean housing in the world.
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