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韓國兒童의 家族에 대한 態度 및 自我槪念에 관한 基礎硏究
- 韓國兒童의 家族에 대한 態度 및 自我槪念에 관한 基礎硏究
- Other Titles
- (A) Study of Family Attitudes and Self-Concept in Korean Children
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- 대학원 가정관리학과
- 한국아동; 가족; 자아개념; 가정관리
- 이화여자대학교 대학원
- This thesis is concerned with children's family attitudes and self-concept in our culture.
The purpose of the study was to describe and to evaluate these attitudes according to the sex, ordinal position, family system and socio-economic status.
The subjects of the study consist of 433 sixth-grade children in Seoul between the ages of 10(1)/(2) and 13(1)/(2).
The test instrument was a sentence completion test adapted from Sacks and Levy.
In this study, sex differences were noted in the way they see their place in the society. Boys saw themselves as cooperating with their parents, and had more realistic fear than girls, and seemed to be a reaching out for their vocational goals. But girls emphasized emotional relationships with their parents and materials. Girls expressed more frequently the guilt feeling that they failed in their duty toward the parents than boys.
The first-born had more positive feeling toward their family, but they emphasized the materials for themselves. The first and middle child stressed a vocational success or money than the last or only child in attitude toward their fathers.
Compared with the extended family and nuclear family, the children from the extended family stressed the family rela-tionships, but, nuclear family had more negative attitudes toward family and cmphasized work or moncy.
Significant differences were found between the upper-class and the lower-class .The upper-class children were more positive toward family, ability. furture than the lower-class children, and they expressed the high social mobility. The lower-class children had more realistic fear than the upper-class.
In emotional aecurity, girls and the first-born were more disturbed than others. There were no significant differences in family system.
Generally, Korean children are brought up in a ancester-worship culture, most of the subjects expressed that he owes his parents a debt of gratitude, especially, in the lower-class children. Lower-class Children had more negative self-concept and more disturbed.
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