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부부간의 의사결정에 관한 연구

Title
부부간의 의사결정에 관한 연구
Other Titles
(A) RESEARCH ON THE DECISION MAKING BETWEEN THE MARRIED COUPLE : IN CENTER OF IRI CITY AND IT'S SUBURBAN FARM VILLIAGE
Authors
김옥자
Issue Date
1985
Department/Major
교육대학원 가정과교육전공
Keywords
부부의사결정MARRIED COUPLEDECISION MAKING
Publisher
이화여자대학교 교육대학원
Degree
Master
Abstract
本 硏究는 이리시 및 주변 農村 夫婦를 對象으로 家庭運營을 위한 夫婦의 意思決定 參與度를 조사분석 하고 性別, 地域別 差異와 意思決定 類型에 영향을 미치는 背景變因에 依한 差異를 규명하여 理想的인 家庭運營과 社會發展을 위한 硏究와 論議가 이루어질 수 있도록 基礎資料를 제공 하려는데 그 目的이 있다. 意思決定 領域은 經濟生活, 住生活, 衣生活, 食生活, 子女問題, 其他生活등 6個 領域으로 구분하였고 意思決定 參與度를 파악하기 위해 各 응답유형을 點數化하여 평균을 산출하고 性別, 地域別 差異는 t-Test로 檢證하였다. 背景要因別 差異는 빈도. 백분율을 산출하여 X^(2)로 檢證하였다. 本 硏究에서 分析한 結果를 요약하면 다음과 같다. 夫婦의 意思決定 參與度 全體的 경향은 婦人의 우위를 나타냈으며 특히 婦人의 參與度가 높은 事項은 衣生活과 食生活 領域이었다. 男便의 參與度가 비교적 높은 事項은 가옥매매, 경조금 결정, 집수리 시기 방법결정, 가옥구조·형태선택, 교양도서·일간신문 구독, TV프로그램 선정등 事項이었다. 그외의 사항은 共同 合議的인 決定類型으로 나타났다. 따라서 家庭의 內部的 사항은 婦人의 영향력이 앞서고 對外的인 면이나 家庭의 대표권으로 인지되는 면, 文化的인 사항에서는 男便의 參與가 높게 나타나 역할구분이 뚜렷하였다. 性別間 응답의 차이는 크게 나타나지 않았다. 거주지역 差異는 가옥매매, 가옥구조 형태선택, 남편의복 구입, 자녀용돈 결정등 사항에서 有意한 差異를 보였고 農村地域이 보다 傳統的 역할분담이 남아있었다. 背景要因에 의한 差異는 연령, 男便의 職業 學歷등이 주로 意思決定 類型에 영향을 미쳤고 연령이 낮을수록 직업수준이 높을수록, 學歷이 높을수록 共同으로 決定하는 경향을 보였다. 그 외 가족형태, 한달 총 수입, 부인의 수입, 결혼년수등이 제 변인으로 작용 하였으나 意思決定 類型을 좌우 할 수 있을 만큼 크게 영향을 미치지 못하였다. 家庭運營에 있어서 바람직한 현상은 夫婦 어느 한편의 절대적인 영향력이 아니고 相互協議的인 運營이라고 볼 때 家庭運營은 家庭의 형편에 따라 자연스럽게 相互協助 할 수 있는 것임을 夫婦 모두에게 인식시켜야 할것이며 이로써 夫婦는 어느 한 영역으로부터도 소외되지 않고 모든 家庭生活 영역에 함께 참여 한다는 相互協同的인 方向으로 理想的인 家庭運營과 건전한 社會發展에 크게 기여 할 수 있을 것으로 사료된다.;The purpose of this study is to present the basic material to other studies and discussions for social development and ideal home management. The objects of this study are the married couple who live in small towns and farm villiage, and for the purpose of this study, the degree of participation in the decision making for home management is observed, and the reginal and sexual differences are understood, and the differences made by the background's change factor which affect the type of decision making are understood. Those general fields of home management decision making are classified into six categories; economic problems, housing problems, clothing, food, children problems and other miscellaneous problems For the understanding the extent of participation in the decision making, I marked scores, calculated average and testified the regional and sexual differences by t-test. And for understanding the differences according to the background's change factor, I calculated frequency and percentage and testified them by X^(2). The analysis results are summerized as follows : Generally the degree of participation in the decision making for home management tend to show housewife's superiority, especially in the categories of food and clothing. The items that the degree of husband's participation is relatively high are the buying or selling of house, the decision of expenses for congratalations and condolences, the time and method of house repair, the choice of house structure and type, the subscription of cultural books and a dairly new spaper, the choice of TV program, etc. Other items show the type of mutual agreeable decision. Therefore, the wife's influence is predominant at the management of family's domestic occasions. On the other hand, the husband's influence is relatively predominant at the external occasions which represent the family and the cultural items. Through these results, it is found that there is the clear devision of role. There are little sexual differences, but there are the meaningful regional differences at the items such as the buying or selling of house, the choice of house structure and type, the buying of husband's clothes, the decision of children's pocket money. And the traditional allotment of roles remains still in farm village than city, because of the regional differences. Considering the differences made by the background's change factors, the change factors such as age, husband's occupation and school career affect the types of decision making. And through there results, it found that the more the married couple jointey decide the items, also the more a occupation level and a shool career are high, the more they jointly decide thaem. And there are other change factors such as family form, total income per month, wife's income, how long have they lived after their marrige. But they can't control the types of decision making, because they scarcely affect them. The good appearance for home management is not the absolute power of one of the married couple, but the mutual cooperative management. Therefore, I think that the married couple must recognize that home management is to cooperate mutually, according to the □condition of home. And, they must partcipate by mutual agreement in all categories, I think that the ideal home management and the good society development are established.
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