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韓國 靑少年의 老人扶養意識에 關한 硏究

Title
韓國 靑少年의 老人扶養意識에 關한 硏究
Other Titles
() Study on the Korean Youths' Awareness of Supporting the Aged
Authors
林仁惠
Issue Date
1986
Department/Major
대학원 건강교육과
Keywords
한국청소년노인부양의식부양
Publisher
이화여자대학교 대학원
Degree
Master
Abstract
本 硏究는 韓國 靑少年들의 老人에 대한 態度와 老人扶養意識度를 把握하고, 그에 관련된 要因들을 分析해 봄으로써, 老人을 위한 學校 및 社會敎育計劃과 老人福祉對策 樹立의 基礎資料를 提供하려는데 그 目的이 있다. 이 硏究를 위하여 서울市內 高等學生 296名과 大學生 300名등 總 596名을 對象으로 하여 設問調査를 실시하였다. 資料分析은 S·P·S·S를 이용하였으며, 각 變數에 따라 X^(2)(Chi-square) 檢定을 하였고, 設定된 假設 檢定을 위하여 t檢定과 分散分析(Analysis of Variance, ANOVA)을 사용하였다. 老人扶養意識에 관한 假說 檢定 結果 다음과 같은 結論을 얻었다. 1. 學齡에 따라 有意한 差異(P<0.01)가 있었으며, 高等學生의 老人扶養意識度가 大學生에 比하여 높았다. 2. 性別로 有意한 差異(P<0.01)가 있었으며, 女學生의 老人扶養意識度가 男學生에 比하여 높았다. 3. 老人과의 同居經驗有無에 따라서는, 統計的으로 有意한 差異가 없었다. (P>0.05) 4. 出生順位에 따른 有意한 差異는 없었으나(P>0.05), 出生順位가 맨위인 경우의 老人扶養意識度가 가장 높았고, 두 명 이상의 형제·자매가 있는 경우에 比하여 다른 형제·자매가 없는 외동인 경우의 老人扶養意識度가 가장 낮았다. 5. 家庭敎育形態에 따라서는 有意한 差異(P>0.05)가 없었다. 6. 家庭內 姑婦間의 關係에 따라 有意한 差異(P<0.05)가 있었으며 姑婦間의 사이가 좋을수록 老人扶養意識度가 높았다. 7. 老人에 대한 受容態度에 따라 有意한 差異(P<0.001)가 있었으며, 老人에 대하여 肯定的인 受容態度를 가진 경우의 老人扶養意識度가 否定的 受容態度를 가진 경우에 比하여 높았다. 8. 向後 父母님과의 同居希望與否에 따라 有意한 差異(P<0.001)가 있었으며, 父母님과의 同居를 希望하는 경우의 老人扶養意識度가 同居를 希望하지 않는 경우에 比하여 높았다.;The study aims to provide materials for planning school and social education for the aged and to devise the welfare policy for the aged by grasping the Korean youths' attitude toward the aged and the degree of their awareness of supporting the aged and by analyzing factors related with it. Questionaires were developed for this purpose, the subject of study being 596 students (296 high school students and 300 college students ) in Seoul. SㆍPㆍSㆍS was used for data analysis, data were verified by X^(2)-test according to each variable, and t-test and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was used to verify the hypotheses. The main findings obtained were as follows as a result of hypothesis verfication about the awareness of supporting the aged. 1. There was a significant difference (P<0.01) according to schooling, the degree of awareness of supporting the aged of high school students being higher than that of college students. 2. There was a significant difference (P<0.01) according to sex, the degree of awareness of supporting the aged of female students being higher than that of male students. 3. Statistically there was no significant difference (P>0.05) according as whether or not they had the experience of living together with the aged. 4. There was no significant difference (P>0.05) according to the birth order. But the eldest had the highest degree of awareness of supporting the aged and the ones without any brother or sister had the lowest degree of it as compared to the ones with brothers or sisters more than two. 5. There was no significant difference (P>0.05) according to the type of home training. 6. There was a significant difference (P>0.05) according to the relationship between mother-in-law and daughter-in-law, the degree of awareness of supporting the aged in case that the relationship was harmonious being higher than that in case that the relation-ship was not harmonious. 7. There was a significant difference (P<0.01) according to the attitude to receive the aged, the degree of awareness of supporting the aged of the case with affirmative attitude to receive being higher than that of the case with negative attitude to receive. 8. There was a significant difference (P<0.01) according as whether or not he wanted to live together with parents afterward. The degree of awareness of supporting the aged of ones who wanted to live together was higher than those who didn't want to.
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