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男女大學生의 家族計劃에 對한 態度 調査 硏究

Title
男女大學生의 家族計劃에 對한 態度 調査 硏究
Other Titles
(An) Attitudal Study of Family Planning Amongst Male & Female University Students
Authors
林秀姿
Issue Date
1986
Department/Major
대학원 건강교육과
Keywords
남여대학생가족계획사회제도관습
Publisher
이화여자대학교 대학원
Degree
Master
Abstract
本 硏究는 韓國 男女 大學生들의 家族計劃에 對한 態度와 이에 關聯된 變數를 파악하여 분석함으로써 앞으로의 人口 및 家族計劃 敎育計劃 수립에 기초자료를 제공하려는데 目的이 있다. 男女大學生 831名을 對象으로 個人特性 및 環境變數, 子女選好 및 社會慣習 意識變數, 社會制度 關聯價値變數에 따라 t-test, Kendall Correlation, Pearson Correlation, ONEWAY ANOVA를 이용하여 分析을 실시한 結果는 다음과 같다. 1. 大學生들은 性別(P<0.01), 生活程度別(P<0.01), 父母의 學歷別(P<0.01)로 家族計劃 態度에 有意한 差異를 나타내었다. 즉 男學生이 女學生보다 否定的이었으며, 生活水準이 높을수록 그리고 父母의 學歷이 높을수록 態度는 肯定的이었다. 2. 男女選好觀이 강할수록 家族計劃에 대한 態度는 否定的이었으며 祭祀의 有無에 따라서는 有意한 差異를 나타내지 않았다. 3. 家族法 改正을 원하는 사람에서 家族計劃 態度는 肯定的으로 나타났으며, 父母扶養에 대하여 男女平等한 方法을 원하는 사람 그리고 家族計劃 講義를 經驗한 사람들이 또한 肯定的 態度를 갖고 있었다. 以上과 같은 結果에서 男兒選好觀과 家族法 改正 態度의 두 變數만이 性別의 영향을 받지 않고 家族計劃 態度에 있어서 有意한 差異를 나타내었다. 즉 性別, 男兒選好觀, 家族法 改正 態度의 세 變數가 家族計劃 態度에 가장 영향을 미치는 要因이 되고 있다. 그러므로 지속적인 出産力의 감소를 위해서는 男兒選好觀의 해소책이 기대되며, 이를 뒷받침하고 있는 現行 家族法의 改正이 要請된다.;The object of this paper is to examine the attitude towards family planning amongst male and female Korean university students. Furthermore, the variables affecting family planning are analyzed with special attention to its impact on the population rate and the educational goals of family planning. Applying the t-test, Kendall Correlation, Pearson Correlation, and the ONEWAY ANOVA on a sample size of 831 male/female students, the resulting variables that affect the students' attitude towards family planning are as follows: 1. The attitudes towards family planning differed significantly according to sex (P<0.0l), socio-economic status (P<0.01) and the level of the parent's education (P<0.0l). In addition, female students proved to be more prone towards family planning than their male counterparts. 2. The students' preference for male children adversely affected the desire for family planning. On the other hand, the performance of ancestoral sacrificial services proved to be non-significant in the desire for family planning. 3. Those showing positive attitudes towards family planning were: ⅰ) Students who wished for Ammendments of the Family Rights Law, ⅱ) Students supporting their parents without sexual discrimination, and ⅲ) Students who received prior family planning education or lectures. In conclusion, the sex of the students showed no significant attitudal differences in male preferences or those wishing admendments to Family Rights Law, but they did show significance in their attitudes towards family planning. Yet, the influential factors on family planning were sex, male preference,and Family Rights Law. Therefore, in order to decrease the birthrate, male preference must be abolished. In order to bring this about, the current Family Rights Law should be revised.
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