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삼탄 이승소의 한시 연구

Title
삼탄 이승소의 한시 연구
Other Titles
(A) Study on the Chinese poems by Samtan(Pseudonym), Lee Seung-So
Authors
李鎬玎
Issue Date
1990
Department/Major
대학원 국어국문학과
Keywords
삼탄이승소삼탄 이승소한시
Publisher
이화여자대학교 대학원
Degree
Master
Advisors
이혜순
Abstract
朝鮮前期 世宗에서 成宗에 이르는 기간은 창업 초기의 전국사업들이 일단락 되면서 점차 체제의 안정된 국면을 맞이한 시기이다. 따라서 15C 館閣文學은 건국 초의 의욕과 성과를 이어 왕조사업을 공고히 다질 임무와 함께 창업의 한 세대가 지나고 난 뒤의 변화된 모습도 아울러 보여주게 된다. 이에 本稿는, 그 당시 이름을 떨친 館閣文人 가운데 한사람이었으나 그동안 본격적 연구가 거의 이루어지지 않았던 三灘 李承召(1422, 세종4∼1484 ,성종15)의 詩世界를 糾明하므로써 15 C 官人文學의 一端을 살펴보고자 하였다. 公的인 입장을 담은 그의 使行詩나 應製詩를 통해서는 館閣詩의 典型的 모습과 함께 건국초의 임무를 수행코자 한 노력을 엿볼 수 있었으나 宦邊에서의 憂愁와 遊興을 다룬 시들에서는 太平世의 爛熟이 예고하는 퇴영적 분위기를 느낄 수 있었다. 三灘詩는 15C末에 해당되는 晩年으로 갈수록 感傷的인 면을 보이는데 이는 虛無主義的 唯美를 추구하다가 결국 士林派에게 길을 내어주는 16C 館閣詞章派와 接脈되는 현상이었다. 三灘은 임금의 輔弼과 民生을 책임지고 있는 입장에서 歷史와 民衆에 관심을 갖고 현실을 警戒하는 詠史詩나 民衆生活을 그린 樂府詩를 썼으나 詠史詩에는 哀傷的 감상이 개입되고 樂府詩에는 철저히 그들과 아픔을 함께 하지못한 한계가 있었던 바, 이 역시 풍요와 융성의 시대에 말미암은 것이었다. 그러나 이러한 관심은 바로 15C末 16C初, 보다 비판적 시각의 社會詩를 産生하게 하였고 樂府詩는 15C末 16C初 古詩의 유행과 唐詩風으로의의 轉換을 설명해주며 16, 7C를 거쳐 후대에까지 파급되었다. 그의 시에 나타난 佛敎의 傾倒와 修辭的 善用으로서의 仙趣는 儒敎理念으로 국가의 紀綱을 세우려던 14C와 性理學的 理想 실천을 위해 道學으로 무장했던 士林派가 등장한 16C 사이에서 15C가 포용할 수있던 현상이었다. 또한 三灘에게서 보인 題畵詩들은 정신적 여유와 함께 玩賞할 무언가를 찾던 15C文人의 趣向에 부합되어 盛行하였던 바 16C 士林派들에게도 그 전통을 남겨 주었다. 이로써 本 論文은 三難詩의 諸 特性을 통해 15C가 14C의 과업을 마무리하면서 16C에 등장할 문학적 諸現狀들을 예고해 준 중요한 시기임을 확인해볼 수 있었다.;The era ranging throughout Sejong t h e Great and Sungjongthe Great was the period that faced to the stabilized phase of gradually secured political system, as the projects of founding the nation in the early years of its inauguration. Therefore, government official literature was become also shown together with its tranfigured appearance following the past inauguration age alongside the tasks to firmly solidify the dynasty's given projects succeeding a series of enthusiasm and out- come of the early period of founding the nation in the 15th century. Hence, this manuscript intended to review a fringe of government official literature in the 15th century through minuely trailing into the poetic world of Samtan (pen name), Lee Seung-so (1422, the King Sejong 4-1484, the King Sungjong 15) who was one of the government official literary writers but whose full- scale study was scarecely accomplished during the period of his well - known fame. Though it was able to cast a furtive lance at his endeavors attempting to perform the given duties of early period of the nation's foundation in parallel with the typical appearance of government official poems virtually even through his causative poems or inductive poems that was involved in his official position, a retogressive atmosphere was able to be felt, which forecast the overripeness of a peaceful reign in his poems which treated the melancholy and merrymaking in government circles. The Samtan's poems were shown with sentimantal aspects as his later years applicable to the end of the 15th century: However, it was the phenomenon engrafted onto the school of government official poets in the 16th century paving the way to official groups in the long run although pursuing after nihilistic estheticism. Samtan wrote the history- reciting poems to caution against the reality with his concern in the history and his fellow people or government-criticizing poems as describing the people's life from the position of serving the King by giving him advice in matters pertaining to the affairs of state and being responsible for the people. However, lamentable sentiment was intervened in the history- reciting poems, and there was the limit that could not share the same pain thoroughly together with his fellow people in his government-criticizing poems. This was also attributable to the era of abundance and prosperity. Nevertheless, such a concern enabled social poems of more critical angle of view to produce just between the end of the 15th century and the early period of the 16the century. government-criticizing poems were affected to posterity through the 16th century and the 17th century with explaining the conversion as the fashion of ancient poems and the style of Tang poetry in the end of the 15th century and the beginning of the 16th century. The inclination of Buddhism and the heavenly taste as rhetorical application for making good use of them appeared in his poems were the phenomena which the 15the century was able to embrace between the ages of the 16th century emerged by official literary school who were armed with Confucian philosophy for the 14th century that attempted to establish the official discipline of the nation with Confucian ideology and for practicing metaphysical ideal. In addition, the poems of writing a legend over a painting which were shown by Samtan have left the tradition to the official literary schools of the 16th century, as they were much in vogue as being coincided with the fondness of the 15th century's literary writers who sought for what to appreciate together with their spiritual margin. In view of these facts, this thesis was able to confirm that the 15th century was revealed to be the important era which forecast the literary phenomena appeared in the 16th century by completing the tasks of the 14th century through the various peculiarities of Samtan's poems.
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