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삶의 질 향상을 위한 동물대상스포츠의 가능성 탐색

Title
삶의 질 향상을 위한 동물대상스포츠의 가능성 탐색
Other Titles
The Possibility of Developing Animal Sports to Improve The Quality of Human Lives
Authors
윤미현
Issue Date
2010
Department/Major
대학원 체육과학과
Publisher
이화여자대학교 대학원
Degree
Master
Advisors
함정혜
Abstract
본 연구는 현대 사회에서 인간과 동물의 관계를 통해 동물대상스포츠가 가지고 있는 의미를 알아보고 나아가 인간의 삶의 질 향상을 위한 동물대상스포츠의 발전가능성을 탐색하는데 목적이 있다. 동물대상스포츠는 인간과 동물이 함께 스포츠를 통해 호흡을 맞추고, 각자의 본능을 표출하여 궁극적으로 즐거움을 추구하는 스포츠라고 할 수 있다. 동물대상스포츠의 주체는 인간으로서 인간에 의해 길러지고 훈련받은 동물들이 인간이 의도한 바에 따라 행하는 스포츠 활동이다. 동물대상스포츠는 참여의 형태에 따라서 두 가지의 관점으로 분류된다. 첫째, 간접참여스포츠로서 동물과 동물의 스포츠이다. 스포츠를 통해 동물간의 대립과 경쟁이 나타나며, 인간은 대리자로서 동물을 자신과 동일시하여 욕구를 표출하고 대리만족을 얻고자 한다. 둘째, 직접참여스포츠로서 인간과 동물의 스포츠이다. 스포츠를 통해 인간과 동물의 협조, 경쟁, 대립 등이 나타나며, 유대관계를 향상시켜주고 나아가 인간의 삶의 질을 향상시키는데 중요한 역할을 담당한다. 이러한 동물대상스포츠의 의미를 다음과 같이 요약할 수 있다. 1) 인간의 본능을 만족시키기 위한 방안으로서 행해지고 있다. 2) 지역축제로서 지역주민들의 단합과 지역발전에 도움을 주고 있다. 3) 인간과 동물이 긴밀한 관계로 발전하고 있음을 알 수 있다. 4) 스포츠·의학·특수교육 등 여러 분야와 연계되어 있다. 궁극적으로 동물대상스포츠의 내재적인 의미는 인간이 보다 양질의 삶을 살고자 하는 욕구를 충족시켜주고, 발전적인 방향으로 나아가도록 이끌어 준다. 또한 스포츠의 내재적인 가치 중 동물대상스포츠를 통해 얻을 수 있는 가치는 인간과 동물의 연대의식, 자기한계의 극복과 도전, 탁월성의 추구 등이다. 동물대상스포츠의 내재된 의미와 가치를 볼 때 동물대상스포츠는 인간 삶을 보다 윤택하게 만들어 줄 수 있으며 앞으로 인간과 동물이 공존하는 한 발전가능성이 많다고 생각된다.;The purposes of this study were to find the meaning of animal sports through the relationship between humans and animals in modern society and to explore the possibility of developing animal sports to improve the quality of human lives. Animal sports is the kind of sports that humans and animals interact with each other through sports expressing their instinct, and ultimately pursuing pleasure. Animals were fed and trained by humans. Animal sports was categorized into two aspects by interaction animals with human. First, the indirect-participating sports was played by animals. People was not involved in sports. In the indirect-participating sports, there were competitions and conflicts among animals, and we regarded animals as our guide and cooperator to show our feeling and to get some satisfaction. Second, the direct-participating sports was playing by humans and animals. There were cooperations, competitions and conflicts between animals and people. This animal sports had some meanings. 1) We satisfied with animal sports by instinct. 2) We could develop animal sports as a local festival to help neighbors' unity and regional growth. 3) Humans and animals had close relationships through animal sports. 4) Animal sports had links with other fields and broadens exchanges. These intrinsic meaning of animal sports fulfilled human needs for better lives, and help us proceed to progressive direction. The quality of life improved when both material and emotional factors of life were balanced. We needed to develop emotional aspect and it was becoming more important. Overemphasized competitions in sports harmed emotional development. So non-competitive sports focused on voluntary participation, taking pleasure in sports and for self-growth. competitions. It was also absolutely needed in animal sports. Cooperation in animal sports demanded more efforts and perseverance for humans, and the relationship of mutual trust was formed when people and animals understand each other and play together. Sports help people to have joyful experiences and love for others because it needed body relationship with others by direct physical contacts. Thus, the intrinsic value of animal sports revealed itself as follows. First, it was predominant that humans were superior to animals, humans and animals could interchange through sports and build solidarity. Second, humans and animals had the challenging spirit that overcomes one's limit. Third, animal sports promoted excellence in the process of caring other part and making efforts to be united. Therefore, we could find the intrinsic values of sports, pursuit of excellence, challenge to our limits and solidarity in animal sports as well as in human sports. So animal sports improved the quality of human life and had abundant potentials.
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