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제 1, 2차 영일동맹과 영국의 대로정책

Title
제 1, 2차 영일동맹과 영국의 대로정책
Authors
김문희.
Issue Date
1959
Department/Major
대학원 정치외교학과
Keywords
영일동맹영국대로정책
Publisher
이화여자대학교 대학원
Degree
Master
Abstract
The governments of Great Britain and Japan, actuated solely by a desire to maintain the status quo and general peace in the Extreme East, being moreover specially interested in maintaining the independence and territorial integrity of the Empire of China and the Empire of Corea, and in securing equal opportunities in those countries for the commerce and industry of all nations, hereby agree as follows : ARTICLE Ⅰ. The High Contracting Parties having mutually recognized the independence of China and of Corea, declare themselves to be entirely uninfluenced by any aggressive tendencies in eithercountry. Having in view, however, their special interests, of which those of Groat Britain relate pricipally to China, while Japan, in addition to the interests which she possesses in China, is interested in a peculiar degree politically as well as commercially and industrially in Corea, the High Contracting Parties recognize that it will be admissible for either of them to take such measures as may be indispensable in order to safeguard those interests if threatened either by the aggressive action of any other Power, or by disturbances arising in China or Corea, and necessitating the intervention of either of the High Contracting Parties for the protection of the lives and property of its subjects. ART. Ⅱ. If either Great Britain or Japan, in the defence of their respective interests as above described, should become involved in war with another power, the other High Contracting Party will maintain a strict neutrality, and use its efforts to prevent other powers from joining in hostilities against its ally. ART. Ⅲ. If, in the above event, any other Power or Powers should join in hostilities against that ally, the other High Contracting Party will come to its assistance, and will conduct the war in common, and make peace in mutual agreement with it. ART. Ⅳ. The High Contracting Parties agree that neither of them will, without consulting the other, enter, enter into separate arrangements with another Power to the prejudice of the interests above described. ART. Ⅴ. Whenever, in the opinion of either Great Britain or Japan, the above-mentioned interests are in jeopardy, the two Governments will communicate with one another fully and frankly. ART. Ⅵ. The present Agreement shall come into effect immediately after the date of its signature, and remain in force for five years from that date In case neither of the High Contracting Parties should have notified twelve months before the expiration of the said five years the intention of terminating it, it shall remain binding until the expiration of one year from the day on which either of the High Contracting Parties shall have denounced it. But if, when the date fixed for its expiration arrives, either ally is actually engaged in war, the alliance shall, ipso facto, continue until peace is concluded. In faith whereof the Undersigned, duly authorized by their respective Governments, have signed this Agreement and have affixed thereto their seals. Done in duplicate at London, the 30th day of January, 1902. (L. S.) (Signed) LANSDOWNE, His Britannic Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs. (L. S.) (Signed) HAYASHI, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of His Majesty the Emperor of Japan at the Court of St. James. The Governments of Great Britain and Japan being desirous of replacing the Agreement concluded between them on the 30th January, 1902, by fresh stipulations, have agreed upon the following articles, which have for their object : (a) The consolidation and maintenance of the general peace in the regions of Eastern Asia and of India ; (b) The preservation of the common interests of all Powers in China by insuring the independence and integrity of the Chinese Empire and the principle of equal opportunities for the commerce and industry of all nations in China ; (c) The maintenance of the territorial rights of the High Contracting Parties in the regions of Eastern Asia and of India, and the defence of their special interests in the said regions : ARTICLE Ⅰ. It is agreed that whenever, in the opinion of either Great Britain or Japan, any of the rights and interests referred to in the preamble of of this Agreement are in jeopardy, the two Governments will communicate with one mother fully and fran}ay, and will consider in common the measures which should be taken to safeguard those menaced rights or interests. ART. Ⅱ. If by reason of unprovoked attack or aggressive action, wherever arising, on the part of any other Power or Powers either Contracting Party should be involved in was in defence of its territorial rights or special interests mentioned in the preamble of this Agreement, the other Contracting Party will at once come to the assistance of its ally, and will conduct the war in common, and make peace in mutual agreement with it. ART. Ⅲ. Japan possessing paramount political, military, and economic interests in Corea, Great Britain recognizes the right of Japan to take such measures of guidance, control, and protection in Corea as she may deem proper and necessary to safeguard and advance those interests, provided alwasy that such measures are not contrary to the principle of equal opportunities for the commerce and industry of all nations. ART. Ⅳ. Great Britain having a special interest in all that concerns the security of the Indian frontier, Japan recognizes her right to take such measures in the proximity of that frontier as she may find necessary for safeguarding her Indian possessions. ART. Ⅴ. The High Contracting Parties agree that. neither of them will, without consulting the other, enter into separate arrangements with another Power to the prejudice of the objects described in the preamble of this Agreement. ART. Ⅵ. As regards the present war between Japan and Russia, Great Britain will continue to maintain strict neutrality unless some other Power or Powers should join in hostilities against Japan, in which case Great Britain will come to the assistance of Japan, and will conduct the war in common, and make peace in mutual agreement with Japan. ART. Ⅶ. The conditions under which armed assistance shall be afforded by either Power to the other in the circumstances mentioned in the present Agreement, and the means by which such assistance is to be made available, will be arranged by the Naval and Military authorities of the Contracting Parties, who will from time to time consult one another fully and freely upon all questions of mutual interest. ART. Ⅷ. The present Agreement shall, subject to the provisions of Article Ⅵ, come into effect immediately after the date of its signature, and remain in force for ten years from that date. In case neither of the High Contracting Parties should have notified twelve months before the expiration of the said ten years the intention of terminating it, it shall remain binding until the expiration of one year from the day on which either of the High Contracting Parties shall have denounced it. But if, when the date fixed for its expiration arrives, either ally is actually engaged in war, the alliance shall, ipso facto, continue until peace is concluded. In faith whereof the Undersigned, duly authorized by their respective Governments, have signed this Agreement and have affixed thereto their Seals. Done in duplicate at London, the 12th day of August, 1905. (L. S.) LANSDOWNE, His Britannic Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs. (L. S.) TADASU HAYASHI, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of His Majesty The Emperor of Japan at the Court of St. James.
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