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反民特委에 관한 分析的硏究

Title
反民特委에 관한 分析的硏究
Other Titles
(AN) ANALYTIC STUDY ABOUT THE SPECIAL COMMITTEE FOR INVESTIGATION OF ANTI-NATIONAL ACT
Authors
崔重喜.
Issue Date
1976
Department/Major
대학원 정치외교학과
Keywords
반민특위정치외교학ANTI-NATIONAL ACT
Publisher
이화여자대학교 대학원
Degree
Master
Abstract
本 硏究는 國民 大多數의 관심사였던 反民族行爲 特別調査委員會(略稱 反民特委)의 構成이 韓國政治社會의 最初의 政治統合的 意味를 가질 수 있다고 보아 反民族行爲 特別調査委員會의 展開過程과 同 委員會의 活動을 상세히 調査한 뒤 이에 대한 反應을 살펴봄으로써 當時 政治統合에의 影響을 考察해 보았다. 本 硏究의 第1章은 序論으로 反民特委에 대한 硏究의 目的과 意義 그리고 硏究方法의 提示로서, 反民特委에 대한 硏究가 약 30年前의 政治的 事實分析이므로 文獻的 資料를 中心으로 硏究하였음을 밝혀주었다. 第2章은 反民特委의 政治社會的 背景 考察로서 解放當時의 政治의 一般的 狀況과 附日 親日勢力에 대한 反應을 調査하였다. 解放以後 政治의 一般的 狀況은 한마디로 政治秩序의 混亂과 政黨의 亂立, 政黨間의 극한 鬪爭으로 要約될 수 있다. 이와 같은 政治狀況에서 附日·親日者의 行動은 더 많은 政黨의 亂立을 초래케 했다. 本 章에서는 當時에 나타난 各 政黨의 政綱이나 政策을 자세히 調査함으로서 親日·附日者에 대한 反應을 考察했는데 특히 대표적인 政黨이나 政治團體로서 建國準備委員會, 韓獨黨, 朝鮮人民黨, 韓民黨, 朝鮮新民黨, 朝鮮民族革命黨, 朝鮮農民聯盟, 學兵同盟, 白協勞動黨, 新韓民族黨의 政綱이나 政策을 살펴보았다. 第Ⅲ章은 反民特委의 構成과 展開過程에 대한 것으로 反民族行爲者의 處罰問題를 民族的 統合性 구심적인 상징으로 보아 전반적인 展開過程을 상세히 考察하였다. 첫째, 反民特委 構成의 發端으로 特別法起草委員會의 設置經緯를 당시 國會議員들의 發言內容을 考察함으로써 이에 대한 贊反의 의견을 살펴보았다. 둘째, 反民法이 立法化 되기까지의 모든 過程에 대한 調査로써 反民法의 制定上에 나타인 여러가지 問題를 다루었다. 셋째, 反民法의 重要內容은 處罰該當者의 規定, 處罰內容, 處罰方法, 處罰期間 및 公訴時效로 分析하여 보았다. 넷째, 以上의 反民法의 制定에 따른 反民特委의 構戒을 各 委員의 名單을 提示하여 調査했다. 이와같이 構成된 反民特委의 活動을 本章에서 함께 다루었는데 反民特委의 活動을 크게 나누어 보면 反民特委 正案(反民族行論 特別調査機關 組織法 制定案, 反民族行爲 特別裁制部 附屬機關 繼織法案, 反民法中 改正法律案業)과 中央事務局의 設置, 反民特委 道調査都의 構成 그리고 反民族行鳥者의 調査 處罰로 볼 수 있다. 反民族行爲者의 處罰問題는 處罰者 名單, 년령, 본적지, 該當罪目, 罪狀 處罰狀況으로 分析하여 硏究하였다. 이 分析으로 大部分의 反民族行爲者가 罪狀에 비해 가벼운 罰을 받은 것을 알 수 있다. 마지막으로 이러한 反民特委의 活動에 對한 反應에 關한 것으로 主로 이들 活動에 妨害要因이 되었던 사실들만을 考察하였다. 특히 本 節에서는 反民特委에 대한 政府의 거부적인 態度를 중점적으로 硏究하였다. 第Ⅳ章에서는 反民特委의 政治統合的 意味를 考察해 보았는데 먼저 韓國政治에서의 政治統合의 性格을 統合理論에 의거 설명하였다. 그리고 反民特委의 政治統合的 分析을 시도하였다. 韓國政治社會에서의 1945年으로부터 1950年이란 約5年 동안의 기간은 政治統合의 絶對的 시기로 보았고 또한 民族正氣를 되살리고 新國家를 建設함에 있어서 國民들의 一體感에 의한 統合性이 必要한 시기로 보았다. 그렇기 때문에 反民特委가 當時 政治統合에 구심점이 될 수 있었던 것으로 硏究하였다. 第Ⅴ章은 結論으로 本文에서 硏究한 것을 要約하였고 아울러 本 硏究를 함에 있어서 理論體系의 원용을 考察한 다음 이를 통해서 反民特委를 評價하는 段階的인 方法論을 展開하였다.;This paper is considered about. the constitution of the special committee for Investigation of Anti-NTational Act(short is the Committee), which was a irsat interest forr the most of people and seemed to have a significance of political integration initially to the Aorean political society, by and after the detailed investigation of the development, the acts of the Committee and it's response. In chapter Ⅰ of this paper, as a preface and an introduction of the way of study, a meaning and object of the study, it states the fact that the Committee is analized by the documentary records because the study of the Committ e i an actual political analysis about 30 years ago. Chapter Ⅱ, the general political situations in those days of the Liberation and the reaction of the compulsory service and the close to Japan are investigated by the study of the political social affliations. In those days of the Liberation, the general political situations are outlined as a confusion of the politi.cal organization, all standing at once of parties and the struggles to the extremes. Under those political situation; naturally, all standing of parties was made more and more because of the reople who served compulsively to Japan and closed. fiso in this chapter, the reaction to the people who were compulsory service or familiar to Japan is studied by the detailed investigations of the party platform or the policy of the parties. Particuzlarly, the platforms or policies of the major parties or the political groups are analyzed, for example Geongugjun-biwiweonhoe, Handogdang, Joseoninmindang, Hanmindang, Joseonsinmindang, Joseonminjoghyeogmyeongdang, Joseonnongminyeonmaeng, Hagbyeongdongmaeng, Baeghyeobnodongdang, Sinhanminjogdang. Chapter Ⅲ, the whole development and the constitution of the Committee are studied in detail about the punishment of the people who served or closed to Japan as a centripetal symbol of the national integration. First, the constitution procedure of the Drafting Committee for Special Law is sought by the analysis of the speech records of the member of parliaments. Second, as the investigations needed to legalization of the Sp- : cial Law, many of problems which occured under the making process of the Special Law. Third, the important items of the Special Law are analyzed as provisions, subjects, methods and terms of the punishment and the prescription of arraignment. Fourth, the major acts of the Committee can he paragraphed to the revision of the Special Law, the establishment of the central bureau, the constitution of the provincial investigation department and the punishment the people who brake the Special Law. After the detailed analysis, it can be judged the most of people who broke the Special Law were punished as lighter than their acts. Finally of this chapter, the facts what were the causes of interruption to the activity of the Comllittee is studied. Particularly in the last section, the Government's rejection attitude against the Committee is analyzed in priority. Charter Ⅳ, the meaning of the political integration of the Committee is explaine by the integration theory of the characteristic of the. political integration inn the Korean political society. And the analysis of the political integration is at tempted by the study of the Committee. From 1945 to 1950, in the Korean political society, it can be defined as an absolute period and it is necessary the political integration in order to establish a new government and to revive a fair and equitable spirit of the people. Therefore, the Committee is studied as a centripetal force of the political integration of those days. In chapter Ⅴ, as a conclusion, the results which have been studied from chapter Ⅰ to chapter Ⅳ is summarized and the quotation of the theory system is studied. And then, through the conclusion, the stage methodology that can appreciate the Committee is developed.
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