View : 47 Download: 0

대학생의 동아리 유형에 따른 여가정체성 및 심리적 웰빙의 관계

Title
대학생의 동아리 유형에 따른 여가정체성 및 심리적 웰빙의 관계
Other Titles
Relationship of the Type of the Clubs to Leisure Identity and Psychological Wellbeing in College Students
Authors
김미혜
Issue Date
2010
Department/Major
교육대학원 체육교육전공
Publisher
이화여자대학교 교육대학원
Degree
Master
Advisors
원형중
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of the type of the clubs joined by college students to their leisure identity and psychological wellbeing in a bid to find out the impacts of community leisure activities on psychological wellbeing. The subjects in this study were 500 female and male students in four-year-course universities in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province, on whom a survey was conducted in April and May, 2010. The answer sheets from 444 respondents who included 214 male and 230 female students were analyzed. A SPSS WIN 17.0 program was utilized to look for any possible intergroup gaps, and a multiple regression analysis was carried out. The findings of the study were as follows: First, the demographic characteristics of the university students made differences to their leisure identity and psychological wellbeing, and the differences were statistically significant. Concerning links between the demographic characteristics and leisure identity, the oldest students who were in their mid-20s and up and those whose academic year was higher and whose length, frequency and intensity of club participation were longer, higher and stronger respectively were ahead of their counterparts in leisure identity and its subvariables, and the gaps between them and the others were statistically significant. The medical students lagged behind the others whose major was not medicine in terms of leisure identity, and their gap was statistically significant. There were no differences in leisure identity according to gender. As for connections between the demographic characteristics and psychological wellbeing, the female students excelled the males in self-acceptance, interpersonal relationship and personal growth, which were subfactors of psychological wellbeing. But the former was surpassed by the latter in autonomy, and the intergroup gaps were all statistically significant. By age, the oldest group that was in their mid-20s and up outperformed the youngest group that was in their late teens in autonomy and environmental dominance, the subfactors of psychological wellbeing, when the two groups were compared. In contrast, the former fell behind the latter in terms of personal growth, and all the intergroup gaps were statistically significant. Concerning the influence of the length, frequency and intensity of club participation, the students who joined a club for three years or more, who participated in a club everyday and who spent three or four times in a club were partially ahead of their counterparts in the subfactors of psychological wellbeing, and the intergroup gaps were statistically significant. Second, there were differences in leisure identity and psychological wellbeing according to the type of the clubs they joined, and the differences were statistically significant. Five different sorts of clubs were selected in this study: health/sport, academic/education, cultural/ art, religious and service clubs. Regarding each type's influence on leisure identity, the members of health/sport clubs and religious clubs had the best leisure identity, followed by service clubs and academic/education clubs. And the intergroup gaps were statistically significant. In the case of psychological wellbeing, there appeared similar results as well. The members of health/sport, religious and service clubs were ahead of those of academic/education and cultural/art clubs in psychological wellbeing, and the intergroup differences were statistically significant. Finally, leisure identity had a significant positive correlation to psychological wellbeing, and the leisure identity variable made a 8.5% prediction(R2=.085) of psychological wellbeing. As to the correlation of the subfactors, identification that was one of the subfactors of leisure identity had a significant positive correlation to the five subfactors of psychological wellbeing that were self-acceptance, interpersonal relationship, autonomy, purpose of life and environmental dominance, and that's not the case for personal growth, one of the subfactors of psychological wellbeing. Likewise, esteem had a significant positive correlation to every subfactor of psychological wellbeing except personal growth. Emotional attachment had a significant positive correlation to self-acceptance, purpose of life and environmental dominance. Specifically, leisure identity had a relatively closer correlation to environmental dominance, one of the subfactors of psychological wellbeing. The above-mentioned findings made it clear that leisure identity affected by the type of the club was positively correlated to psychological wellbeing, and that there was progress in psychological wellbeing when leisure identity improved by engaging in club activities. The findings are expected to lend credibility to the meaning and importance of club activities as part of leisure life among college students and the favorable impact of club activities on their psychological wellbeing.;본 연구는 동아리 유형에 따른 여가정체성 및 심리적 웰빙의 관계를 규명함으로써 동아리 여가활동이 대학생들의 심리적 웰빙에 어떠한 영향을 주는지 알아보는데 그 목적이 있다. 연구의 목적을 달성하기 위해서 연구자는 2010년 4월부터 5월까지 서울 및 경기도 소재 4년제 대학교에 다니고 있는 남녀 대학생 500명에게 설문지를 배부하였으며, 회수된 설문지 중에서 부적합한 데이터를 제외한 후 최종 444부(남 214, 여 230)를 자료 분석에 사용하였다. 수집된 자료는 SPSS win 17.0 프로그램을 사용하여 연구문제에 따라 차이검증 및 다중회귀분석을 실시하였으며 다음과 같은 결과를 도출하였다. 첫째, 인구사회학적 특성에 따라 여가정체성의 차이를 분석한 결과, 20대 중반 이상 집단이 10대 후반과 20대 초반 집단에 비해 여가정체성의 하위요인 중 동일시와 존중감 수준이 높았고, 4학년이 1학년에 비해 존중감 수준이 높았으며, 의학을 제외한 타전공 집단이 의학전공 집단에 비해 여가정체성 및 여가정체성의 하위요인 중 정서적 애착 수준이 높았다. 참여 정도에 따라서는, 2~3년 이상 동아리에 참여한 집단이 2년 미만 참여한 집단에 비해 여가정체성의 하위요인 중 동일시와 존중감 수준이 높았고, 동아리활동을 매일한 집단이 주 1~2회 참여한 집단에 비해 여가정체성 및 여가정체성의 하위요인 중 동일시와 정서적 애착 수준이 높았으며, 한 회에 4시간 이상 참여한 집단이 1시간 참여한 집단에 비해 여가정체성 및 여가정체성의 동일시와 존중감 수준이 높았다. 둘째, 인구사회학적 특성에 따라 심리적 웰빙 수준의 차이를 분석한 결과, 여학생이 남학생에 비해 심리적 웰빙의 하위요인 중 자아수용, 대인관계, 개인적 성장 수준이 높았고 반면, 자율성 수준은 낮았다. 연령별로는 20대 중반 이상 집단이 10대 후반 집단에 비해 심리적 웰빙의 하위요인 중 자율성, 환경지배력 수준은 높았고 반면, 개인적 성장 수준은 낮았다. 참여정도에 따라서는, 3년 이상 참여한 집단이 3년 미만 참여한 집단에 비해 심리적 웰빙의 하위요인 중 자율성이 높았고, 매일 참여한 집단이 주 1~2회 참여한 집단에 비해 심리적 웰빙의 하위요인 중 대인관계와 자율성 수준이 높았으며, 한 회당 3~4시간 이상 참여한 집단이 1시간 참여한 집단에 비해 심리적 웰빙의 하위요인 중 개인적 성장 수준이 높았다. 셋째, 동아리유형에 따라 여가정체성의 차이를 분석한 결과, 건강․스포츠와 종교 유형이 학술․교육 유형에 비해 여가정체성 및 여가정체성의 하위요인 중 동일시와 존중감 수준이 높았다. 넷째, 동아리유형에 따라 심리적 웰빙의 차이를 분석한 결과, 건강․스포츠와 종교, 봉사 동아리 유형이 학술․교육 및 문화․예술 동아리에 비해 심리적 웰빙 및 심리적 웰빙의 하위요인 중 자아수용 수준이 높았다. 끝으로, 여가정체성은 심리적 웰빙과 유의한 정(+)적 상관관계가 있으며, 여가정체성 변인들의 심리적 웰빙에 대한 설명력은 8.5%(R2=.085)으로 회귀모형은 유의한 것으로 나타났다. 분석결과, 여가정체성 변인 중 정서적 애착 변인만이 심리적 웰빙에 유의한 정(+)적 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 하위 요인별 상관관계를 살펴보면, 여가정체성의 변인 중 정서적 애착 변인은 자아수용에 유의한 정(+)적 영향을 미치고, 동일시 변인은 대인관계 변인에 유의한 정(+)적 영향을 미치며, 존중감과 정서적 애착 변인은 환경지배력에 유의한 정(+)적 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 이상의 결과를 통해서, 동아리 유형에 따른 여가정체성은 심리적 웰빙에 유의한 정(+)적 상관관계가 있음이 규명되었으며, 동아리 여가활동을 통해서 여가 정체성이 높아질수록 심리적 웰빙이 높아진다는 것을 확인되었다. 이러한 결과들은 대학생들이 동아리 여가활동을 통해서 심리적 웰빙에 실질적인 도움을 줄 수 있으며, 동아리 활동이 여가로써 주는 의미와 중요성을 제시하는 자료로 활용할 수 있다.
Fulltext
Show the fulltext
Appears in Collections:
교육대학원 > 체육교육전공 > Theses_Master
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Export
RIS (EndNote)
XLS (Excel)
XML


qrcode

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

BROWSE