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Carpet의 재질과 pile상태가 오염율에 미치는 영향

Carpet의 재질과 pile상태가 오염율에 미치는 영향
Other Titles
(The) Influence of yarn ingredient and pile condition on the soiling degree of carpet
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대학원 의류직물학과
이화여자대학교 대학원
본 논문에서는 섬유성분, pile 상태에 따른 직물조직, 오염방법 및 오염입자의 종류가 carpet의 오염율에 미치는 영향에 대하여 연구하였다. 사용된 섬유는 wool, acrylics, nylon yarn 3가지이고 제직 방법은 100p-pile직, 1cm cut pile직, 2cm cut pile직, 4cm cut pile직 등 4가지의 방법을 택하여 모두 12가지의 시험편을 작성했다. 오염실험에서는 실제사용방법인 service method와 clay soil과 greasy soil을 사용한 abrasing method, chopped fiber soil를 사용한 tumbling method, aqueous soil를 사용한 steeping method등의 오염방법과 오염입자를 이용하였다. 실험결과는 원포 표면반사율과 오염포 표면반사율의 비교로써 다음식에 의해 오염율을 표시하였다. ◁수식삽입▷(원문을 참조하세요) Ro : 원포의 표면반사율 Rs : 오염포의 표면반사율 이 연구에서 다음과 같은 결론을 얻었다. 1. service method로 오염시는 nylon>acrylics>wool, abrasing method 오염시는 무관, tumbling method 오염시는 nylon, acrylics>wool, steeping method 오염시는 wool>nylon, acrylics의 오염순위를 나타냈다. 2. 조직별 오염차를 나타내지 않은 steeping method를 제외하고, service method, abrasing method, tumbling method로 오염실험을 한 경우 100p-pile직>1cm cut pile직>2cm cut pile직>4cm cut pile직의 오염순위를 보였다. 3. 방법별로는 steeping method>abrasing method>tumbling method>service method의 오염순위를 보인다. 4. abrasing method의 두 오염성분 및 steeping method의 두 오염성분은 상호대조성을 갖지 않으나 tumbling method의 두 chopped fiber soil에서는 소수성 섬유의 오염입자가 친수성 섬유의 오염입자보다 더 큰 오염율을 나타냈다.;This paper is to illuminate the influence of yarn ingredient, fabric sturucture by the condition of pile, soiling method and kinds of soiling particles on the soiling degree of carpet. Twelve testing patches were prepared, using three kinds of yarn; Wool, Acrylics, Nylon yarn; and choosing four kinds of weaving methods; loop-pile fabric, 1 cm cut pile fabric, 2 cm cut pile fabric, 4 cm cut pile fabric. In soiling experiments, the methods used are: 1) Service Method, in which Wearing Test is used 2) Abrasing Method, in which clay soil and greasy soil are used 3) Tumbling Method, in which chopped fiber siol is used 4) Steeping Method, in which acqueous perspiration-soil is used. The results of the experiments are expressed by the soiling degree that can be calculated through the following formula, using the surface reflection rate of original fabric and that of soiled fabric as variables. Soiling Degree(%) = (Ro - Rs)/(Ro) × 100 Ro : Surface reflection rate of original fabric Rs : Surface reflection rate of soiled fabric The following conclusions are made from this research. 1. The orders of soiling degrees were shown as: Nylon>Acrylics>Wool in Wearing Test, No order in Abrasing Method, Nylon, Acrylics>Wool in Tumbling Method, Wool> Nylon, Acrylics in Steeping Method. 2. The order of soiling degrees by fabric woven states was shown as loop-pile fabric>1 cm cut pile fabric>2 cm cut pile fabric>4 cm cut pile fabric in soiling experiments by Wearing Test, Abrasing Method, and Tumbling Method with the exception of Steeping Method which has shown no difference in soiling, degrees. 3. The order of soiling degree by the methods of the experiments was shown as Steeping Method>Abrasing Method>Tumbling Method>Wearing Test. 4. Though there is no mutual comparability between the two soiling elements of Abrasing Method and those two of the Steeping Method, soiling particles of the hydrophobic yarn have shown a greater soiling degrees than those of the hydrophilic yarn in two chopped fiber soils of Tumbling Method.
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