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都市啓發地域의 人口轉出人에 관한 硏究

Title
都市啓發地域의 人口轉出人에 관한 硏究
Other Titles
Urban internal migration in a newly developing residential area : a case of Banpo-dong, Kangnam-Ku in Seoul
Authors
鄭蕙永.
Issue Date
1978
Department/Major
대학원 사회생활학과
Keywords
도시계발지역인구전출인반포동
Publisher
이화여자대학교 대학원
Degree
Master
Abstract
本 硏究에서의 目的은 서울市 開發地域이 開發過程 단계에서 安定 단계로 轉換되면서 겪는 地域的 進行 過程과 空間的 形態를 人口轉出入을 通해 考察하는데에 있다. 이 硏究에서의 對象地域은 현재의 서울市域 中, 1963年의 서울市 경계를 기준으로 同年 以後 擴張된 地域을 擇하였다. 또한 중심 硏究地域으로는 人口移動이 심한 地域이 하나인 盤浦地域을 擇하여 그 地域單位를 統으로 細分 하였다. 여기에 使用한 資料는 1962年부터 1976年 까지의 서울市 統計年報와 서울·성동·둔전·안양의 土地利用圖, 서울特別市 地番圖 그리고 盤浦地域의 1974年에서 1976년까지의 人口移動量 測定을 위한 洞事務所의 人口 轉入·退去 申告書를 使用하였다. 여기서 使用한 分析方法은 都市開發地域의 人口移動을 人口推移, 人口分布, 人口密度를 通해 살펴 보았으며 盤浦地域의 空間的 形態를 살피기 위하여 土地利用圖를 使用하였다. 盤浦地域의 人口移動을 통한 開發過程 段階를 살피기 위하여 統別 分類를 기초로 移動量과 性別, 年齡別, 家口別, 目的地別 狀況을 分析했고, 主要 幹線道路와 轉出入과의 關係를 살피기 위하여 相關係數를 산출했다. 이의 分析結果 다음과 같은 結論을 얻었다. 1. 서울市 開發地域의 人口收容의 方向은 都市內 人口移動의 方向과 높은 關係를 보였으며, 그 形態는 천호지역에서 봉천, 화곡 地域等 收容地域이 各各 時期에 따라 달랐다. 이는 周邊地域 開發이 都市內의 人口移動의 方向을 誘導했음을 알 수 있다. 2. 硏究中心地域인 盤浦地域의 住宅地開發에 따른 地域內의 空間的 特色은 大部分 밭이나 林野이던 段階에서 대단위 아프트 地域化의 段階를 거치고 있음을 알 수 있었다. 3. 盤浦地域의 人口轉出入은 주요 幹線道路의 位置에 敏感한 反應을 보였다. 幹線道路에서 가까울수록 轉出入에 탁월성을 보였으며 轉出入이 많은 統일수록 安定 段階를 빨리 찾아가고 있었다. 4. 年齡別 構造 分析에 의하면, 大部分의 統이 幼年層이 적고 靑·壯年層이 우세한 轉入 人口構造 段階를 밟고 있었다. 이같은 결과 開發地域에 나타나는 不動産의 暴騰을 予想한 買入으로 인한 世帶一部의 移動으로 나타난 것이라 추측된다. 5. 性別 人口構成에 있어서는 女子보다 男子의 轉出入이 우세하나 小地域特性에 따라 女子 轉出 超過와 轉入 超過 地域이 나타나기도 한다. 6. 家口別, 季節別 分析에서는 世帶全部 보다 世帶一部 轉入이 우세하며 봄 여름 가을에 탁월하던 것이 봄 가을의 段階로 옮겨 가고 있었다. 7. 目的地別 轉出入 分析을 통해 보면 서울市內에서의 移動이 단연 우세하며 市外의 경우, 市와 인접한 地域에서부터 또 市內의 경우, 盤浦地域에서 가까운 쪽부터 즉 江南地域內에서 우세함을 알 수 있었다.;The purpose of this study is to examine the spatial patterns and processes of a newly developing urban area of Seoul by analyzing its internal migration. This area has experienced a rapid change from one early residential arrangement to another more stable one. In this paper, the portion of Seoul to be examined is the area added since the 1963 boundary alteration. The Banpo-Dong area was selected for this case study because it is one of the most repidly shifting areas in terms of population. The main data used in this study was chosen from the Seoul Statistical Yearbook, 1962-1976. Some additional materials came from land use maps of Seoul, Seoul lot number maps, and internal migration reports from 1974-1976 which were kept in the Dong office in order to monitor the population migration in the Banpo area. The population. migration patterns in this developing urban area were evaluated through population change, population distribution, and population density. Based upon the Tong division, the volume of migration, sex, age structure, household, origin and destination were analyzed in some detail in order to observe this shifting process. The correlation coefficient was calculated in order to understand the relationships between the main street and the migration of population. The results of the above analysis can be summarized as follows; 1. The population increase patterns in this developing area was closely related to the population migration direction. Also, the population increase patterns during this period shifted from Cheonho, Bongcheon area to whagok area. In this sense, it can be said that the circular expansion of the developing area might be directed by internal migration flow. 2. Spatial characteristics of land use in the Banpo area were transformed from agricultural and forest use to a new residential sector, especially for the building of apartments. 3. The total number of people in and out of the Banpo area correlated strongly with the location of the main street. The nearer the area was to the main street the more movement was recorded. 4. According to the age structure analysis, most Tong was experiencing a stage of inward migration which was dominated by the adult age group with a very irregular age pattern between the two sexes. It is assumed that a large part of this household migration was prompted by the land speculation in the developing urban area. 5. In the sex structure, male migration is predominant comparing with female, but according to the areal characteristics, female migration records higher than male. 6. In regard to the household and seasonal flow analysis, the part of household in-migration was greater than the whole household, and the household migration season was changed from spring, summer, and fall to only spring and fall. 7. The origin and destination analysis of migrants showed that most of them came from the inner city. A few of the migrants originated from out of town, but it was not a significant portion of the total volume.
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