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忠北의 陸上交通路 發達에 對한 地理的 考察

Title
忠北의 陸上交通路 發達에 對한 地理的 考察
Other Titles
(A) GEOGRAPHICAL STUDY ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF LAND TRANSPORT SYSTEM ON CHUNG BUK
Authors
柳在薰
Issue Date
1989
Department/Major
대학원 사회생활학과
Keywords
충북육상교통로교통지리
Publisher
이화여자대학교 대학원
Degree
Master
Abstract
交通의 發達과 地域의 發展은 밀접한 관계가 있다. 그러므로 地域의 發達은 그 地域의 交通을 基盤으로 이루어진다. 本 論文에서는 忠北의 陸上 交通路 發達로 因한 地域의 構造的 特性 및 空間的 構造를 考察하고자 한다. 이의 目的을 위해 交通路의 發達過程과 位相數學的 方法을 利用하여 Graph理論을 적용하였다. 이러한 硏究는 將來의 交通問題 豫測과 交通 計劃樹立時 基本方案을 제시할 수 있는 指標로서 利用될 수 있을 것이다. 本 硏究의 結果로 다음과 같은 사실을 확인할 수 있었다. 1) 朝鮮時代 栗峰道(淸州)와 連原道(忠州)를 中心으로 30里마다 위치하였던 30驛과 97院은 朝鮮時代 後期에 이르러 제4로와 제6로의 幹·支線으로 變化하였으며 現 一般國道의 根幹으로 確立되었다. 2) 日帝時代의 交通政策은 軍事·經濟的 目的에 따라 이루어졌다. 特히 鐵道交通의 發達이 활발하였던 時期로 京釜線과 中央線의 全通과 現 忠北線의 一部 區間(鳥致院-忠州 94km)이 建設되었으며 이에 附隋하여 淸州와 忠州中心의 道路整備가 集中的으로 실시되었다. 3) 解放以後 産業線인 太白線과 忠北線(忠州-鳳陽 35.2km)의 延長으로 現 忠北의 鐵道網이 完全히 구축되었다. 그러나 道路交通은 대부분이 未鋪裝과 未改修道路로 特히 地方道와 市邑面道의 鋪裝率은 전무한 상태였다. 4) 1970年以後 鐵道交通은 公路의 高速化에 따른 運送手段의 變化에 대처하기 위해 旣存區間의 電鐵化 및 複線化에 主力하였다. 이로 인하여 1989年 現在 總 延長 253.6km(全國의 약3.6%)中 忠北線의 忠州-鳳陽(35.2km)을 제외한 全 區間이 現代化되었다. 또한 道路交通에 있어서도 高速道路(京釜와 中央高速國道)의 建設과 一般 國道의 鋪裝, 地方道 및 市郡道의 改修로 1987年 現在 總 鋪裝率이 약 52.1%로 1970年의 약5.6%에 비해 크게 향상되었으나 全國平均 약 57.2%에는 못미치고 있다. 5) 以上의 各 時期別 交通網에서 道路路線과 대체로 일치하는 鐵道交通을 제외한 1908, 1945, 1968, 1988年의 道路網을 分析한 결과 交通網의 發達段階와 形態는 1908年 B단계·Spinal型에서 1945年以後 C단계·Grid型으로 交通 發達이 정체상태로 나타났으나, 실제 교통망의 迂廻度와 延長密度를 分析한 결과 交通發達이 계속적으로 향상되고 있었다. 또한 이 期間동안 最高 中心地가 1945年까지의 槐山에서 1968年以後 曾坪으로 變化하였으나 대체로 淸州, 槐山, 米院, 內秀, 陰城, 曾坪, 斗山등의 地域이 높은 中心性을 나타냈다.;It could be said that development of region has been quitely effected by transport system, for there are closed relation between the development of region and transport system. Also were to understand constructive character of region and constructure of space as appling the development process of transport roads and topological method and the 'theory of graph'. This study can be applied a guide post to lay out a basic plan of the transportation or to estimate transport problem in future. Results of this study are as follows. Firstly, 30 posttowns and 97 inns had located every 30 ri(l2km) centering around Yul Bong Do (Cheong Ju) and Youn Won Do (Chung Ju) on Yi-Dynasty were changed to No. 4 and No. 6 road in latter half of Yi-Dynasty, has based the ground of current general nation roads. Secondary, transport policy under the rule of Japanese Imperialism was made for military strategy and economic reasons. Especially railroad transport system was actively for this period, opened to transport railroad "Kyung Bu Sun" and constructed the part block (Jo chi Won-Chung Ju, 94km) of current Chung Buk Sun, the overland roads centering Cheong Ju and Chung Ju were constructed, repaired or partly paved with asphalt. Thirdly, the period after liberation when Tae Baek Sun and extesion of Chung Buk Sun (Chung Ju-Bong Yang, 35.2km) were perfectly constructed as current type of railroad network. But unfortunately local and rural land roads were completely un-paved. Forthly, at present (1989) total railroads of 253.6km (3.6% of nation) have been modernized excepting the block of Chung Buk Sun (Chung Ju-Bong Yang, 35.2km) as result of efforts to make electric and double line system of railway in accordance with high speed transpotation since 1970. Also constructed two express ways named Kyung Bu highway and Jung Bu highway, repaired local and rural landroads paved general nation roads with asphalt so that asphalt pavement percentage greatly heighened about 52.1% in Chung Buk at present (1987) in comparison with about 5.6% on 1970 but quitely lower than average 57.2% of Nation. Lastly, the development process and constructure of transport network as result of study for land roads network on 1908, 1945, 1968, 1988 when land networks and railroads network seldom coincided have proved stable status from B step 'spinal' on 1908 to C step 'grid' after 1945. But development of transport system has continuously heightened in view of the circuit efficiency and extension density. The center of Chung Buk province has been changed to Jeong Pyung (after 1968) from Geo San since 1945, also mostly found high concentration centering around Cheong Ju, Geo San, Mi Won, Nae Soo, Eum Sung, Jeong Pyung, Du San.
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