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實相寺 伯丈庵 三層石塔의 表面莊嚴에 對한 硏究

實相寺 伯丈庵 三層石塔의 表面莊嚴에 對한 硏究
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대학원 사학과
이화여자대학교 대학원
In United Silla, though the construction of temple buildings according to the principle of the one-pagoda arrangement was frequently seen, the two-pagoda arrangement was overwhelmingly popular. At a still later stage, the Silla-type stone pagoda came to suffer gradual changes in details with the passage of time. From the second half of the 8th to the 9th century, as the tendency of Silla stone pagoda was turning toward delicacy and elegance exhibited in the decoration of pagodas. A representative specimen of the type could be found in the three-storied stone pagoda at Paek Jang-am of Sil sang-sa in Namwon, North Cholla Province. All the surface of the pagoda, not to mention the main body or the roof, is decorated with carvings of figures of Bodhisattva, Four Deva Kings, the Buddhas of triad, the celestial beings who are offering or playing musical instruments and lotus. Banister with balusters and du'kong are carved in relief, which suggest that this pagoda was a faithful imitation of a wooden architecture. Technical peculiarity in detailed parts of the carvings, it seems to have represented when it was erected. The three-storied stone pagoda at Biro-am of the Donghwa-sa, which has been said to have been erected in 863 by the inscriptions on the Sarira Bowl discovered from the Stone pagoda of King Minai, and the Ssang bong-sa Stura of Priest Ch'olgam, in its detailed parts of the main body, a close imitation of a wooden building is seen. These naturally Lead us to conjecture that after the middle of the 9th century, in which this pagoda is believed to have been erected.
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