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受難 史話 硏究
- 受難 史話 硏究
- Other Titles
- (The) Study of the Passion Narratives in the Synoptic Gospels
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- 대학원 기독교학과
- 수난 사화; 기독교; 복음서; 공관복음서; 수난
- 이화여자대학교 대학원
- The Study of the Passion Narratives in the Synoptic Gospels.
The purpose of this study is to inquire and analyze the Passion Narratives about Jesus in the Synoptic Gospels, especially in Mark's Gospel. The Synoptic Gospels tell about Jesus' Passion and Mark makes it the core of his Gospel. This analysis is to differenciate the historicity of Jesus' Passion and the kerygma of the earliest church which had conditioned the formation of the Passion Narratives. Such differenciation is not to separate the historicity of Jesus' Passion and the kerygma, but to understand the relationship of these two elements in the Passion Narratives. The content of this thesis as follows:
1. This thesis tried to see historical elements of the Passion Narratives. There are certain fragmentary historical facts about Jesus' Passion in the Synoptic Gospels. That is, Jesus was arrested by the conspiracy of Jewish religious leaders and he was betrayed by his disciple, and according to the death sentence of Roman Govern-er Pilate he died on the Cross.
2. This thesis attempted to arrive at the kerygmatic interpretation of the earliest church. The Passion Narratives of the Synoptic Gospels were largely formed by the kerygma of the earliest church and the kerygma contains the interpretative understanding about Jesus and his death. The earliest church believed and proclaimed that Jesus' death is a saving occurrence for all men. The kerygma of the earliest church shows the following understanding about Jesus' Passion. Firstly, the earliest church thought Jesus' death as the fulfilment of the Old Testament, and in this way the church defended the meaning of the Cross against the Jewish rejection of Jesus, and for this purpose the church used the Old Testament as a Scripture Proof. This understanding of the earliest church is contained in the Passion Narratives of the Synoptic Gospels. Secondly, the earliest church's connection of Jesus' death with the Old Testament includes an understanding of his death as an expiatory sacrifice which shows Jewisch cultic-juristic religion. For example, the story of the Last Supper implies this interpretation. Thirdly, the earliest church's kerygma presents certain titles about Jesus, which were derived from its understanding of his death, and also related with the Old Testament. The main titles are "Christ", "Son of Man", "King of the Jews" and "Son of God" in the Passion Narratives.
The Passion Narratives of the Synoptic Gospels were written largely on the basis of the kerygma of the earliest church, although th historical fact of Jesus' death was presupposed. This thesis, therefore, has attempted to arrive at the historical facts of Jesus and the kerygma of the earliest church in order to understand the relationship of these two elements in the Passion Narratives.
Rudolf Bultmann's "Die Geschichte der Synoptischen Tradition" is the major source of this thesis.
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