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30-40대 부부의 관계향상 프로그램에 관한 연구

Title
30-40대 부부의 관계향상 프로그램에 관한 연구
Other Titles
(the) marriage enrichment program for thirties-forties couples
Authors
이주미
Issue Date
2001
Department/Major
대학원 기독교학과
Keywords
부부관계향상프로그램30-40대
Publisher
이화여자대학교 대학원
Degree
Master
Abstract
현대 사회가 핵가족화 되면서 부부 관계가 어떠한지는 그 가족의 행복에 가장 중요한 요소가 되었다. 하지만 현재 한국의 부부들은 전통적 가치관과 근대적 가치관이 공존하는 가족 윤리 속에서 많은 갈등과 혼란을 경험하고 있다. 그러므로 기독교 상담학 분야에서는 한국 부부들이 겪고 있는 갈등과 혼란에 대하여 깊이 있는 연구와 함께 그들을 도울 수 있는 효과적인 방안이 지속적으로 논의되어야 한다고 생각한다. 이에 본 논문은 부부간의 갈등과 혼란을 해결하는 가장 핵심적인 요소가 의사소통의 개선이라고 보고 한국의 부부들이 자신들의 의사소통 방식을 보다 효율적으로 이루어나갈 수 있는 방안을 모색해 보았다. 논문은 먼저 문헌 연구와 설문조사를 통해 현재 우리 나라 30-40대 부부들의 의사소통 방식을 살펴보았으며 이러한 과정을 통해 드러난 의사소통 방식에 있어서의 문제점을 개선하고 또한 보다 바람직한 의사소통 방식을 교육하고 훈련할 수 있는 부부 의사소통 프로그램을 구성하여 보았다. 프로그램의 구성을 위해 먼저 미국내의 부부 관계 향상 운동의 일환으로 이루어진 부부 의사소통 프로그램들을 간략히 살펴보고 그 중 깊이와 효과 면에서 가장 널리 인정을 받고 있는 미네소타 부부 의사소통 프로그램을 살펴보았다. 그리고 이러한 미네소타 부부 의사소통 프로그램의 기본적인 개념과 방법을 한국인의 의사소통 방식의 특성을 고려하여 수정, 보완하였다.;The purpose of this thesis is to develope a program which can help couples more effectively communicate with each other in their daily life. The author believes the most effective method in helping couples overcome marital conflict and enhance understanding of each other is training of communication skills. This program, therefore, has been developed to help couples solve their problems through improved communication skills and thereby enrich their relationships. The theoretical base of this program is the Marriage Enrichment Movement in the United States. The marriage enrichment movement is based on four important theories. The first is human potential movement. This movement insists that each person has the ability and power to improve his personality no matter how difficult the situation is. Thus, the marital relationships also can be improved based on an individual's personal growth. The second theory is the general systems theory. This general systems theory believes that the married couples exist as one system rather than as individual entities. Such a systems, or marital relationship continuously change and matures. The theory emphasizes that it is important for couples adopt to change and mature through change. The third theory is Rogers's empathy theory. This theory has adopted the idea of unconditional acceptance to a marital relationship. Unconditional acceptance is an important attitude for couples to help each other's personal growth. One could accept and respect oneself by receiving unconditional empathy from the partner. Through such experiences, the couple can develop more trust and feel closer to each other. The last theory is behavioral theory which insists that the behavior of human beings is a reaction to one's surroundings rather than something that happens in a state of vacuum. Since man's behavior is reactive to the environment, one person's action can induce a certain action from another person. Therefore, the marriage enrichment movement is focused on inducing positive behavior from a partner through one's actions, since one's action can engender positive or negative behavior of a partner. The marriage enrichment program was well received in the United States. Many programs were developed and researched to enhance marital relationships. This thesis refers to the Minnesota Couple Communication Program, which is recognized as one of the most useful programs for developing the relationship of husband and wife. The Minnesota Program focused on enriching the inter-communication skills between husband and wife for better understanding of each other's thoughts, feelings, wants, and actions. This program also includes creative means of resolving conflict to enhance the partner's self-esteem and grow the couple's relationships. This thesis modified the Minnesota Couple Communication Program to apply to Korean husbands and wives. The method of communication was monitored and previous research was studied. Surveys were also conducted whether previous research is actually true in terms of communication in Korean couples. The communication skills discussed in the two studies were summarized and combined lastly. I propose a program which is a modification of Minnesota Couple Communication Program. I focus on the way of communication to enhance each other's self-esteem by helping communication, preventing arrogant attitude, and overcome lack of dialogue. I also emphasize respect for each other, and forgiveness, which must be done by both sides, not by just one side for real treatment. In the future, it is desirable to develop diverse program for dual working couples, couples live in the form of extended family, and remarried couples in the Korean community, especially in the church mission.
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