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靑少年의 衣服行動 問題性向과의 關係

Title
靑少年의 衣服行動 問題性向과의 關係
Other Titles
(A) Study on the Relationship Between Problem Tendency and Clothing Behaviors of Juvenile in Seoul District and Kyungki-Do Province
Authors
金姸秀
Issue Date
1985
Department/Major
대학원 의류직물학과
Keywords
청소년의복행동문제성향여고생
Publisher
이화여자대학교 대학원
Degree
Master
Abstract
本 硏究는 靑少年을 對象으로 하여 性格·行動상에 潛在해 있는 反社會的 非道德的 問題性向을 把握하고, 環境變因에 따른 問題性向과 衣服行動의 相關關係를 調査하였다. 또한, 地域別·學敎構成 形態別 問題集團과 正常集團間의 衣服行動 차이를 比較分析 하였다. 이를 통하여 靑少年들의 外貌에 대한 觀心과 具體的인 非行으로 發展할 수 있는 潛在的인 問題性向을 衣服行動으로 把握하고, 衣服과 關聯된 慾求挫折을 예측하여, 이에 수반되는 다른 이탈행위를 防止하고자 하였다. 具體的인 目的은 첫째, 靑少年들의 衣服行動을 把握하고, 問題集團과 政常集團間의 衣服行動 差異를 比較 分析한다. 둘째, 家庭環境 變因에 따른 問題性向과 衣服行動의 相關關係를 調査한다. 세째, 地域別, 學敎 構成形態別 問題集團과 正常集團間의 衣服行動 差異를 比較 分析한다. 附加的인 觀心으로 學級內 成績에 따른 問題性向과 衣服行動을 調査한다. 測定道具로, 環境變因은 父母와의 同居與否, 同性의 자매 有無, 家政의 社會·經濟的 地位등을 測定하였다. 家庭의 社會·經濟的 地位 측정은 家長의 職業水準·敎育水準·收入·文化施設 所有程度등 4變因을 測定하였고 이를 評點하여 上·中·下 세집단으로 分類하였다. 問題性向은 Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory의 556개 問項을 줄여서 진위교, 김 형립이 制作한 간편 MMPI중 타탕도(L.F.K)尺度와 임상척도 4.9만을 選擇하여 使用하였다. 衣服行動은 審美性·貞淑性·注意集中性·社會的承認性·心理的依存性·便易性등 6個 變因을, Creekmore(1971)및 國內 先行硏究의 間項중에서 예비조사를 통해 適合하다고 判定된 47問項을 選定하여 측정 하였다. 標集對象은 高等學校 2學年 女學生으로 서울과 경기도 地域에서 各各 女高 2個校, 男女공학 1個校씩을 선정하여 調査하였다. 質問紙를통한 調査方法을 使容하여 30分間 實施 하였으며, 總345部를 통계 처리하였다. 資料分析은 頻度, 平均, 標準偏差 算出 및 一元分散分析, 二元分散分析, 回歸分析을 實施하였다. 資料分析結果를 토대로 내린 結論은 다음과 같다. 1. 女高生 標集對象中 44.6%가 性格·行動狀에 潛在的으로 反社會的·非道德的 性向을 內包하고 있다. 2. 女高生들은 衣服에 대하여 큰 觀心을 나타내며, 衣服行動 變因中 심리적 의존성·정숙성 변인을 중시한다. 3. 경기도 지역의 女高生은 서울地域 女高生과 比較하여 두드러지게衣服의 貞淑性 側面을 중시한다. 4. 父母·片親과 同居하지 않는 女高生은 衣服行動 變因中 사회적승인성 變因을 중시한다. 5. 學級에서 20%이상 50%이내 成績인 學生이 問題學生일 可能性이 높다. 6. 問題集團은 正常集團과 比較하여 衣服行動 變因中 심미성·주의집중성·심리적의존성 變因을 중시한다. 7. 서울地域의 問題學生은 他人의 눈에 띄는 특이한 衣服을 선호한다. 8. 경기도地域의 問題學生은 他人에게 好感을 줄수 있는 衣服을 선호한다. 9. 女子高等學校의 問題學生은 他人의 눈에 띄는 특이한 衣服과 他人에게 好感을 줄 수 있는 衣服을 선호한다.;This study scrutinizes whether juvenile behaviors, in their personality, have a psychopatically deviant and hypomanic tendency in their latent background or not, and also analyzes comparatively the relation between these tendency and clothing behaviors by region and their school-composing elements and the survey is given what kind of effect environmental variables have on the above tendency and clothing behaviors. This research forecasts the problem tendency of juvenility, which can be embodied to an actual delinquency, and intends to prevent other deviations caused by their frustration, discovering and satisfying the deep concern about appearances and clothing behavior desire of them. The concrete purposes are as follows : 1. Scrutinize clothing behaviors of teen-agers, and analyze clothing behavioral differences between problem and normal groups. 2. Examine problem patterns and clothing behaviors according to the variables of home circumstances. 3. Analyze clothing behavioral differences between problem and normal group, which depend on rigion and school-composing elements. An additional concern shows the relations between school record within the class and problem tendency and clothing behaviors. The environmental variables, as a measuring tool, are living with parents or not, having a sister or not, and social and economic status of the family. The social and economic status is measured by four variables of occupational level of patriarch, educational level, income, and degree of his ownership of cultureal appliances, and classified into three groups, - high, middle, and low. For problem tendency, validity L.F.K barometer and clinical barometer 4, 9 among simple MMPI (Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory), to which Jin Wy-kyo and Kim Hyung-lip condensed 556 articles of original MMPI, are being used. Clothing behaviors are measured by six variables of Aesthetics, Modesty, Special Attention, Social approval, Psychological dependency, and comforts. And some articles are cheesed and used among the clothing Interest Inventory developed by Creekmore(1971) and domestic predecent studies, after proved appropriate in the preliminary examination. Samples are picked up from second-grades of high school in two girl's high schools and one coeducational school respectively in Seoul district and Kyungki-Do province. The Survey was made by a questionaire and its statistical results of 345 samples reveal followings : 1. 44.6% of sample coeds have a latent problem in their personality and behaviors. 2. Coeds have a deep concern about their garments, and put an importance on psychological dependency and modesty among the variables of clothing. 3. Coeds in Kyungki-Do province remarkably accentuate modestic aspects of clothing in comparison with those in Seoul district 4. Coeds who do not live with thir parents, put weight on social approval aspects of clothing behaviors. 5. Students who belong to the group below 20% and above 50% of school record, have high possibility to be problem students. 6. Problem students put emphasis on special attention and psychological dependency and Aesthetics variables among clothing variables, compared with normal groups. 7. Problem students in Seoul district emphasize special attention and psychological dependency among clothing variables, compared with normal groups. 8. Problem students in Kyungki-Do province put importance on Aesthetics among clothing variables, compared with normal groups. 9. problem students in girl's high school emphasize Aesthetics and special attention among clothing variables, compared with normal groups. 10. Normal groups of girl's high school and Kyungki-Do province, compared with problem student, put emphasis on modesty of clothing variables.
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