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J. Brahms의 Piano Sonata, No.3, Op.5의 분석연구

Title
J. Brahms의 Piano Sonata, No.3, Op.5의 분석연구
Other Titles
Analtic study on J. Brahms Piano Sonata Op. 5, F Minor
Authors
임지은
Issue Date
1996
Department/Major
대학원 음악학과
Keywords
BrahmsPiano Sonata음악학
Publisher
이화여자대학교 대학원
Degree
Master
Abstract
Johaness Brahms(1833-1897)는 고전주의 형식을 토대로 하여 낭만주의적 정서를 표현하려고 했던 작곡가이다. 그의 음악은 충실한 음향, 분산화음의 음형, 선율선의 옥타브, 3도, 6도 중복, 교차 리듬의 빈번한 사용 등을 특징으로 한다. 또한 낭만주의의 풍부한 화성과 온화한 정감을 가지고 있지만 그 어법은 낭만파적이라기 보다는 고전파적인 기본 이념이 지배하고 있다. 본 논문은 브람스의 피아노 소나타 No.3의 형식 및 화성, 리듬, 선율의 구조를 연구함으로써 고전 소나타를 바탕으로 하는 낭만주의 소나타의 형식과 기법을 알아보고자 한다. 작품을 분석하기에 앞서 브람스의 생애와 작품들에 관해 살펴 보고 브람스 피아노 소나타의 특징에 대해 연구하였다. 작품 분석에 있어서는 곡의 중심이 되는 기본형식과 화성, 리듬, 선율, 그 밖의 특징적 음악기법들을 살펴 보았다.;Romanticism in the nineteenth century music represented it's idea as direct expression of human emotion and it presented free forms and new musical materials. In the nineteenth century, program music and on the other hand character pieces of poetic liricism were cultivated, but absolute music was also developed. Johaness Brahms(1833-1897) was a composer of Neoclassicism, who mixed his lirical and romantic sentiments with the form of classicism. He enlarged his musical techniques with traditional forms and evident structures, emphasis of main melody in correlation with each movement, a variety of rhythmical forms such as polyrhythm and Hemiola, and variation of meter, tempo, and accent. In this thesis, distinct elements in the piano music of Brahms are studied and "Sonata No.3 Op.5" is analysed for to study his technique of composition and musical characters. Op.5 is the third of three piano sonatas of Brahms, and consists of 5 movements; the 1st movement is taking the sonata form, the 2nd and 3rd ones are compound ternary, the 4th one taking two part form, and 5th one taking Rondo form. The main figures of thematic melodies presented in the 1st movement are used variously all through the whole movements. Contrary motion, parallel motion, sequence, chromatic, and conjunct motion are appeared many times. In the progression of harmony Neapolitan 6th, arpeggio, and non-harmonic chord are seen. Also his rhythms are presented with a variety of forms such as dotten notes, polyrhythm, hemiola, syncopation, and so on. Canon, imitation, sequence are used together. On close study of distinct qualities of "Piano Sonata No.3 Op.5" it is considered as a good example to search a number of musical character of Brahms in the respect of structure, relation of melody, harmony, scale, and rhythm.
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