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Brahms Viola Sonata No.2 in Eb Major, Op.120에 대한 분석 연구

Brahms Viola Sonata No.2 in Eb Major, Op.120에 대한 분석 연구
Other Titles
(An) Analytical Study of Brahms' Viola Sonata No.2 in Eb Major, Op.120
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대학원 음악학과
BrahmsViola Sonata음악학
이화여자대학교 대학원
Brahms의 『Viola Sonata No.2 in Eb Major, Op.120』은 필자의 졸업 연주회 곡목 중 하나로 그의 대표적인 Viola Sonata이며, 본 논문은 이를 분석 연구한 것이다. Brahms(1833-1897)는 24곡의 실내악곡을 남겼으며, 『Sonata No.2 in Eb Major Op.120』는 Brahms의 최후의 실내악곡인 동시에 최후의 Sonata에 해당된다. Brahms의 후기에 속하는 이 작품은 중후하기보다 오히려 간결하며, 친근감을 느낄 수 있는 작품이다. 이 곡은 3악장 구성으로 되어있으며 1악장은 Sonata형식, 2 악장은 3부형식, 3악장은 변주곡형식으로 구성되어 있다. 1악장은 2개의 조성(Eb Major, Bb Major)이 서로 대비되어 조화를 이루고 있다. 2악장은 Scherzo로 빠르고 느린 속도의 대비로 곡에 변화감을 부여했다. 3악장은 주제와 여섯개의 Variation으로 구성되어있다. 이곡은 원래 Clarinet을 위한 Sonata였는데, Brahms가 그의 기호와 곡의 성격에 따라 Viola Sonata로도 편곡하여, Clarinet Sonata에 못지 않게 자주 연주되고 있다.;The main purpose of this thesis is to analyze Johannes Brahms' Viola Sonata No.2 in Eb Major. More specifically, Brahms' life, his musical style especially, and his chamber music literature are reviewed. In terms of analysis of the Sonata No. 2. formal structure, harmony, typical rhythmic structure and musical style are examined. In the first chapter, Brahms' twenty-four chamber ensemble works are introduced in terms of tonality, movement structure, instrumentation, and musical characteristics. In the second chapter, Brahms' Sonata No.2 is analyzed. The following is the summary of the work: 1) First movement: Form: Sonata Allegro Key: Eb Major Meter: 4/4 Musical characteristics: Although, this piece is written in the key of Eb, the keys of Eb and Bb constantly aiternate, which can lead to confusion. 2) Second movement: Form: Scherzo Key: eb minor Meter: 3/4 Musical characteristics: Frequent modulations such as eb minor to B major, then back to original key. 3) Third movement Form: Theme and variations Key: Eb Major Meter: 6 / 8 Musical characteristics: The theme is short and simple. Each of the six variations has unique musical style such its rhythmic accents, harmonic variations, and textual changes. In conclusion, though this; piece was written during the last period of Brahms' musical life, it contains very fresh ideas of romanticism, and also authentic classical formal structure.
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