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거주지역과 청소년 문제성 음주와의 관계연구

거주지역과 청소년 문제성 음주와의 관계연구
Other Titles
A Study on the Relationship between residential surroundings and Adolescents’ Problem Drinking.
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대학원 사회복지학과
이화여자대학교 대학원
한국사회 고등학생의 문제성음주 증가의 요인분석을 거주지역을 변수로 시도하였다. 거주지역의 유흥업소 밀집정도에 따라 청소년의 문제성 음주가 차이를 나타내는지를 파악하였다. 서울지역 인문계 고등학생 419명을 대상으로 설문조사를 실시한 결과 , 유흥업소가 밀집된 지역에 거주하는 고등학생일수록 음주문제를 더 많이 보이는 것으로 나타났다. 또한 청소년의 음주에 영향을 미치는 요인으로 부모요인과 또래요인과 거주지 요인과의 비교분석을 실시하였다. 그 결과 음주량, 음주빈도 등과 같은 행태일반에서는 거주지 요인이 가장 영향이 큰 것으로 나타났으며 문제성 음주의 경우 또래요인과 거주지 요인이 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다.;Nowadays Adolescents’ drinking behaviors have been changing from the ordinary drinking to the problem drinking. According to related statistics, one out of four adolescents has serious drinking problems and 90% of them are high school students. I argue that there would be some relations between the adolescents’ problem drinking which is related to the physical, psychological, and socio-psychological matters, and the influences of a lot of entertainment spots and alcohol outlets around adolescents’ home surroundings. This research will argue the relationship between residential surroundings and Adolescent's’ drinking problems. Too many outlets and alcohol entertainment places around their houses make adolescents’ access to drinking easy and go drinking problems. This study examines residential surroundings as an influential factor of adolescents' alcohol problems. This study discusses as following First, examine adolescents’ordinary drinking behaviors and problem related drinking behaviors. Second, examine the influence of the density of alcohol outlets or entertainments around their houses to problem related drinking. And find out residential surroundings as an influential factor of adolescents' alcohol problems. Third, compare parents' factor with friends’ factor, and find out which factor is the most influential. This research concludes the residential surrounding factor as key variable. The data were collected from April 26 to May 6, 2006. Total 419 high school students in two different local areas in Seoul participated in this study. This collected data is analyzed by frequency distribution, correlation and multiple regression analysis by SPSS 11.0/PC program. The results of this study are as follows: First, the survey on the relationship between residential surroundings and adolescents’ problem drinking results correlations between variables. Therefore, residential surroundings are meaningful factors which have significant influence on adolescent's problem drinking. Second, from the comparative analysis on other factors, such as parental factors and friend factors, residential factor, I found following results: In ordinary drinking behaviors such as drinking amount, drinking frequency, and residential factors are the most influential factors. On the other hands, in problem related drinking, the friend factor such as friend's attitude to drinking, peer pressure to drink is the most influential factor. From these results, too many outlets and places of alcohol entertainment around the house influence adolescents’ access to drink and to go problem drinking. Another influential factors in problem drinking in adolescents are friends’ attitudes toward alcohols and peer pressure to drink. To protect adolescent from problem drinking, we need to change our residential environments. There are a lot of alcohol outlets and places of alcohol entertainment around home surroundings. Therefore, for restriction on liquor sales the system of permission on liquor sales can reduce alcohol use, adolescents’ alcohol use in particular.
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