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家庭의 心理的 過程(環境)이 價値觀에 미치는 影響

Title
家庭의 心理的 過程(環境)이 價値觀에 미치는 影響
Other Titles
(The) Effect of Psychological Process of Home on the Value-Orientations of University Students
Authors
李建仁.
Issue Date
1974
Department/Major
교육대학원 교육학전공교육심리분야
Keywords
가정심리적 과정가치관
Publisher
이화여자대학교 교육대학원
Degree
Master
Abstract
PROBLEMS This study puts emphasis upon the value-orientation as one of the crucial factors for the individual behavior, and the purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between psychological climate of home which will importantly effectonthe value-orientation and value-orientation variables. The problms is to invesigate in this study are as follows : A. The Study of there relationship among the home environment variables 1. what are the relationship between value-orientations of home and psychological process of it ? 2. what are the relationship between group characteristics of home and psychological process of it ? B. The study of the relationship between home environment variables and psychological process of home what effects do the psychologrcal process of home have on the value-orientations THE METHOD OF STUDY AND ITS PROCEDURE Instrument 1. Value-Orientation Iventory(I.J. Kim and E.Y. Whang,1974). 2 . Home Environment Inventory(W.S. Chung, 1970). Sample Researcher drew 500 students from 6 universities as sample, using the random sampling method. The condition of sample considered in the selection were school year, sex, major, religion, and region. Procedure Home environment Inventoy and value-orient ation inventory were administered to the 500 Students. According to the stanine score of the home environ - ment variables, the Sample was divided two groups, higherrank group and lower-rank group. Means(M), standard deviations(SD), and analysis of variance(F) were calculated and the siginificant levels of the statistics were identified in order to substantiate the meaningful difference among the subvariables included the research. RESULTS 1. Among the home value-orientions, the group of higher social ladder oriented responded more positively to 'achievement' and more negatively to 'openness' than that of lower one. The group of higher material oriented showed a more negative tendency to 'openness' than that of lower one. The group of higher tradition oriented responded more positively to 'achievement' and more negatively to openness, 'affectiont', 'autonomy'. 2. Among the group charcters of home, the group of lower role expectation tended to respond,. positively to ''openness,' 'affection;, 'autonomy` than that of higher one. The groups of higher mutual attitude and cohesion showed a more affective tendency to the total factors of psychological process of home. 3. Among the pschological process of home, the higher groups of openness and autonomy responded more positively to the 'Social area' than that of lower one, in the lower group of achievement, a positive response appeared in the same area. But in the 'economic area,' it did not appeared statistically meaningful differences among the variables of psychological process of hame. And the lower group of affection responded more positively to the 'religious area';問題 本 硏究는 個人行動의 決定的인 要因의 하나로서 個人이 지닌 價値觀을 重視하고 그 價値觀에 重要한 영향을 미치는 家庭의 心理的 環境要因과의 關係를 살펴보고자 하는데 目的이 있다. 本硏究에서 밝히고자 하는 문제는 다음과 같다. A. 家庭環境 變因間의 關係를 究明 1. 家庭의 價値指向性과 家庭의 心理的 過程과는 어떠한 關係가 있는가? 2. 家庭의 集團性格과 家庭의 心理的 過程과는 어떠한 關係가 있는가? B. 家庭環境 變因과 價値觀과의 關係를 究明 家庭의 心理的 過程의 각 要因이 價値觀에 어떠한 영향을 미치는가? 方法 및 節次 道具 大學生의 價値觀 檢査 (金仁子, 黃應淵, 1974). 家庭環境診斷 檢査 (鄭元植, 1770). 對象 學年, 性, 專攻, 宗救, 地域等이 고려된 無選漂集(random Sampling) 方法에 의하여 서울 및 地方의 6個 大學에서 뽑힌 총인원 500명을 대상으로 하였다. 節次 먼저 500명의 全體 標集 對象에게 一次的으로 家庭환경 검사를 실시하고 二次的으로 價値觀 檢査를 실시하여서 가정환경의 各 要因別로 스태나인 점수에 따라 上·下集團의 對象을 설정하였다. 선정된 대상의 家庭環境 變因의 各 要因別 및 價値觀의 점수를 채점하여 平均値(M), 標準偏差値(SD), 變量分析値(F)를 산출하여 各各 그 差를 검증하였다. 結果 1. 家庭의 價値指向性의 變因가운데 「社會上昇」이 높은 集團이 낮은 集團에 비하여 「成就」指向性이 강조되고 「閉鎖」的이다. 그리고 「物資指向」이 높은 集團은 낮은 集團에 비하여 「閉鎖」的이며 「傳統」이 높은 集團은 낮은 集團에 비하여 「成就」, 「閉鎖」, 「拒否」, 「他律」에 대하여 더 높은 반응을 보이고 있다. 2. 家庭의 集團性格의 變因가운데 「役割期待」가 낮은 集團이 높은 集團에 비하여 「開放」, 「親愛」, 「自律」의 경향이 더 높고 「相互態度」와 「凝結力」이 높은 集團이 낮은 集團에 비하여 心理的 過種 全體要因에 대해서 더 높은 반응을 보이고 있다. 3. 家庭의 心理的 過程 要因가운데 「非成就」, 「開放」, 「自律」의 集團이 「成就」, 「閉鎖」, 「他律」의 集團보다 社會的 領域에 대하에 더 높은 반응을 나타냈으며 經濟的 領域에 대하여서는 통계적으로 意味있는 結果가 나오지 않았다. 그리고 宗敎的 領域에 대하여서는 「拒否」集團이 「親愛」集團보다 더 높은 반응을 보이고 있다.
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