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球技單元 實技評價 척도구성에 관한 一硏究
- 球技單元 實技評價 척도구성에 관한 一硏究
- Other Titles
- (A) Study on Compostin the Principal Norms for Examining the Physical Activities of Sections "Ball-Games"
- Issue Date
- 교육대학원 체육교육전공
- 구기; 실기평가; 체육
- 이화여자대학교 교육대학원
- It is a usual situation in the education that all the teachers and students have to meet so many kinds of examinations and tests. Therefore, we can dare to say that the examinations and tests take an important role among all the areas of implementing educational theories.
In other general subjects, which are mainly consisted of intellectual items, there are almost no problems in preparing and executing somewhat objective examinations and tests with the written methods. Whereas in physical education, due to the characteristics of its own subject matter, most of teachers have been in difficult situations for preparing and executing the tests which can be considered to be objective. In this respect, the object of this study lies in arranging the contents of section "ball-games" suitable for the tests, and in composing the principal norms and methods of inclusive tests so as to make the physical tests somewhat objective and fair.
In order to find out suitable methods, this study is confined to section "basket-ball" and "Volley-ball" for selecting the evaluation items and for composing the principal norms of selected items.
The conclusion of this study can be summarized as follows.
1. For the principal norms of section "basket-ball", the items of exactitude of shoulder-pass, dribble and shoots in thirty seconds are selected. Its reliability coefficient is higher than 0.876 and its validity coefficient is 0.812, which is relatively high.
2. The co-related coefficient between the test of dribble and that of shoots is 0.5. The co-related coefficient between the rest of shoulder-pass and that of sheets in thirty seconds is 0.09, which can be considered low.
3. For the principal norms of section "Volley-ball", the items of underhand-pass, toss, service are selected. Its reliability coefficient is higher than 0.894 and its validity coefficient is higher than 0.832, which can be defined to be high.
4. Its co-related coefficient between the test of toss and that of underhand-pass is 0.18. The co-related coefficient between the test of toss and that of service is 0.5, which is low.
5. According to the table No. 10, which is made on the basis of the above norms the average score is 5.71 out of 10 points in the test of shoulder-pass, 5.61 in that of dribble, and 4.81 in that of shoots in thirty seconds.
6. According to the table No. 10, which is made on the basis of the above norms the average score is 5.66 cut of 10 points in the test of underhand-pass, 5.20 in that of toss, and 6.0 in that of service.
7. The distribution graph, which is made out based on the above mentioned tests, shows a normal distribution graph in all test items tests.;敎育現場에서 敎師와 學生들은 수많은 試驗과 檢査에 놓여 있다. 여러 가지 敎育을 하는 일 중에서 敎育評價는 어느 領域보다도 가장 큰 比重을 차지한다.
他 科目에서는 大部分 紙筆檢査를 通해서 客觀的인 評價値를 갖는 反面 實技가 중심이 되어 있는 體育에서는 敎科의 特殊性에서 오는 問題點으로 評價의 어려움을 느끼고 있는 實情이다. 그러므로 本 硏究는 實技評價의 公正을 期하기 위하여 球技單元의 評價內容을 정립하고 이것을 종합적으로 測定할 수 있는 檢査方法 및 尺度를 構成하는 데 目的을 두고 있다.
이런 目的을 遂行하기 위해서 첫째, 농구와 배구 單元의 實技評價 項目을 精選하였고, 둘째 精選된 評價種目에 對한 評價尺度를 構成·檢討한 結果 다음과 같은 結論을 얻었다.
1. 농구 實技評價 種目은 쇼울더 패스의 正確性 드리블 테스트, 30초間 슈우트 檢査로 選定되었으며 信賴度 係數는 0.876 以上으로 높게 나타났고, 妥當度 係數 역시 0.812로 높게 나타났다.
2. 드리블과 30초間 슈우트와의 相關係數는 0.5이고 쇼울더 패스의 正確度와 30초間 슈우트와의 相關係數는 0.09로서 낮게 나타났다.
3. 배구 實技評價 種目은 언더핸드패스, 토스, 서어브 테스트로 選定되었으며 信賴度 係數는 0.894 以上이고 妥當度 係數는 0.832 以上으로 높게 나타났다.
4. 토스와 언더핸드 패스의 栢關係數는 r = 0.18 토스와 서어브와의 相關係數는 0.5로 낮게 나타났다.
5. 10점 滿點으로 構成된 농구 單元 實技評價 尺度를 適用시킨 結果 쇼울더 패스 M = 5.71 드리블 테스트 M = 5.61 30초間 슈우트 M = 4.81로 나타났다.
6. 10點 滿點으로 構成된 배구 單元 實技評價 尺度를 適用시킨 結果 언더핸드 패스 M= 5.66 ,토스 M= 5.20 서어브 테스트 M= 6.0으로 나타났다.
7. 實技評價 尺度를 適用하여 算出된 點數分布는 各 種目에서 正常分布曲線을 나타냈다.
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